Union Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal and New and Renewable Energy Shri Piyush Goyal today launched 'URJA'- Urban Jyoti Abhiyaan Mobile app on the side-lines of ongoing two day Conference of Power Ministers at Cansaulim in South Goa.
The app is developed by Power Finance Corporation on behalf of Ministry of Power for Urban Power Distribution Sector to enhance consumer connect with the Urban Power Distribution sector by providing information of IT enabled towns on important parameters which concern the consumers like outage information, timely release of connections, addressing complaints, power reliability etc.
The app will work as manifestation of Prime Minister's principle of good governance i.e. People focus, co-operative federalism.
The Union Minister also launched the Pradhan Mantri UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LED for all) Yojana in Goa with a target of replacing approximately 15 lakh LED bulbs, impacting nearly 5 lakh households. Under the scheme, consumers are entitled to 3 LED bulbs of 9W each at a subsidized rate of Rs.25/, as against a market price of Rs.300-350.
The Scheme launched in the distinguished presence of Goa Chief Minister Shri Laxmikant Parsekar will help save over 78 million kwh every year in the state and about Rs.850-1000 on annual electricity bills.
The scope of DEEP (Discovery of Efficient Electricity Price) e-Bidding and e-Reverse Auction Portal has been further expanded by covering banking mechanism and the medium term procurement of Power. The Union Minister said the Government will soon start 100 percent smart metering to curb the menace of power theft. He said currently there is a loss around 24 to 26 percent due to theft of Power.The two day conference is expected to deliberate on Coal related issues, Hydropower policy, transmission related issues behind other issues.
Kaspersky Lab researchers have investigated a global forum where cyber criminals can buy and sell access to compromised servers for as little as $6 each.
The xDedic marketplace, which appears to be run by a Russian-speaking group, currently lists 70,624 hacked Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) servers for sale and India ranks fourth in hacked servers with 3,488 compromised servers listed on xDedi as of May 2016.
According to the investigation, many of the servers host or provide access to popular consumer websites and services and some have software installed for direct mail, financial accounting and Point-of-Sale (PoS) processing.They can be used to target the owners' infrastructures or as a launch-pad for wider attacks, while the owners, including government entities, corporations and universities, have little or no idea of what's happening.
xDedic is a powerful example of a new kind of cybercriminal marketplace: well-organized and supported and offering everyone from entry-level cybercriminals to APT groups fast, cheap and easy access to legitimate organizational infrastructure that keeps their crimes below the radar for as long as possible.
xDedic is further confirmation that cybercrime-as-a-service is expanding through the addition of commercial ecosystems and trading platforms. Its existence makes it easier than ever for everyone, from low-skilled malicious attackers to nation-state backed APTs to engage in potentially devastating attacks in a way that is cheap, fast and effective.
A European internet service provider (ISP) alerted Kaspersky Lab to the existence of xDedic and the companies worked together to investigate how the forum operates.
Kaspersky Lab is a global cyber security company founded in 1997 and has deep threat intelligence and security expertise is constantly transforming into security solutions and services to protect businesses, critical infrastructure, governments and consumers around the globe.
Recently released report of World Health Organization (WHO) has revealed that hot drinks (beverages) consumed at temperatures above 65 Celsius can cause esophageal cancer. The report was based on the study conducted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), part of the WHO.
The conclusion comes after researchers discovered that the drinks are not carcinogenic, but actually the high temperatures at which they served causes cancer. For this study purpose IARC had analysed studies from Iran, China and South America where tea and coffee are often served at 70 Celsius or above. It was found that in developed countries, causes of esophageal cancer include smoking and alcohol, but it is more common in parts of the world where drinks are often consumed at very high temperatures.
Scientists for the first time in modern medical history have grown a living bone in the lab to repair large defects in the head and face of patient. This medical breakthrough was achieved by a new technique developed by Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, professor at Columbia University.
The new technique uses autologous stem cells derived from a small sample of the recipient’s fat and precisely replicates the original anatomical structure of the bone.
Using it, scientists were able to show that in a clinical-size porcine model of jaw repair, the bone grown in vitro and then implanted can regenerate a large defect and also mechanical function. The quality of the regenerated tissue, including vascularisation with blood perfusion, exceeds what has been achieved using other approaches. Significance of this discovery:
It is step forward in improving regenerative medicine options and treatments for patients suffering with craniofacial defects. It also open path for new scientific research where researchers can use cartilage layer in the bio-engineered living bone tissue to study bone regeneration in complex defects of the head and face.
The United States (US) Senate (Upper House) has unanimously approved amendment to enhance military co-operation with India as part of National Defence Authorisation Act -2017 Under it, military co-operation with India will be for developing military doctrine, threat analysis, force planning, logistical support and intelligence collection and analysis.
The bill was moved by Senator John Sullivan and the amendment was co-sponsored by Senator John Corny and Mark Warner, the two co-chairs of the Senate India Caucus along with Senator Mark Kirk.
Asks the Secretary of Defence to ensure that the India-US co-operation are at appropriate level in order to enhance engagement between the militaries of the two countries.
Empowers Defence Secretary to take appropriate actions to ensure exchanges between senior military officers and senior civilian defence officials of the Indian and US Governments. It also has asked to ensure significant enhancement of joint military operations, including maritime security, counter-terror cooperation, counter-piracy and domain awareness in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
India and Namibia have signed two Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) during the final leg of President Pranab Mukherjee’s three-nation African visit. These agreements were signed after a bilateral dialogue between President Mukherjee and his Namibian counterpart Hage Geingob. The two signed MoUs include MoU on Capacity building for civil servants of Namibia. Mou on setting up of centre of excellence in Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
Civil Nuclear : Deal Later in the delegation level talks, Namibia has invited Indian companies to directly mine Uranium from the country. However, it has asked India to enter into similar nuclear agreements it has reached with other countries in order to convince the member-states of the African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty (ANWFZT) which is also known as Pelindaba treaty.
The Pelindaba treaty prohibits Namibia, fourth largest producer of uranium to implement nuclear agreement with India as it not the signatory of Nuclear Non Proliferation treaty (NPT). India and Namibia had signed an agreement on nuclear energy i.e. deal to supply Uranium for civil use in 2009.
China is all set to operationalise the 'exascale supercomputer' by 2020 which will be capable of performing at least a billion billion calculations per second.The supercomputer will be named Tianhe -3 and it will be operationalised three years before the US plan to install such computers.
The development of the ‘exascale supercomputer’ is part of the China’s national plan for the next generation of high performance computers. It will be developed during the 13th Five-Year-Plan period (2016-2020).
The government of Tianjin Binhai New Area, NUDT and the National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin are working on the project.In 2010, China unveiled the first petaflop supercomputer Tianhe-1 which is capable of performing at least a million billion calculations per second and is
Supercomputers : A supercomputer is a computer with a high-level computational capacity compared to a general-purpose computer.Performance of a supercomputer is measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS) instead of million instructions per second (MIPS). Since its introduction in June 2013, China's Tianhe-2 supercomputer is the fastest in the world at 33.86 petaFLOPS (PFLOPS), or 33.86 quadrillions of FLOPS.
Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has released Draft National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy 2016 on 14 June 2016.
The policy was unveiled as part of Union Government’s attempt to reach the target of 175 Gigawatts (GW) of installed capacity from renewable energy sources by 2022. It includes 100 GW from solar and 60 GW from wind.
Goal : To reach wind-solar hybrid capacity of 10 GW by 2022
Objectives of the Policy : To provide a framework for promotion of large grid connected wind-solar PV system for optimal and efficient utilization of transmission infrastructure and land, reducing the variability in renewable power generation and thus achieving better grid stability. To encourage new technologies, methods and way-outs involving combined operation of wind and solar PV plants.
Highlights of the Policy:
(i) Wind-Solar Hybrid Systems : These systems will be configured to operate at the same point of grid connection.Optimal and efficient utilization of transmission infrastructure and better grid stability by reducing the variability in renewable power generation.The size of the solar PVs capacity to be added as the solar-hybrid component could be relatively smaller.
(ii) Implementation : The implementation of wind solar hybrid system will depend on different configurations and use of Technologies like Wind-Solar Hybrid-AC integration, Wind-Solar Hybrid-DC integration, Hybridisation of existing wind/solar PV plants along with New Wind-Solar Hybrid Plants.
(iii) Incentives : The Government will encourage development wind-solar hybrid systems through various incentives.
All fiscal and financial incentives available to wind and solar power projects may also be made available to hybrid projects.Low cost financing for hybrid projects may be made available through IREDA and other financial institutions including multilateral banks.
(iv) Research and Development : Government will support the technology development projects in the field of hybrid systems. Besides, support will be provided for development of standards for hybrid systems.
The policy will remain in force unless withdrawn or superseded by the Government. The Government can undertake a review of the Policy as and when required.
A team of 25 Scientists on 2 June 2016 published their proposal to synthesize entire human genome from scratch under the project called the Human Genome Project-Write (HGP-Write) in Science Magazine.
The aim of the project is to reduce the cost of engineering DNA segments in the laboratory.Its proponents envision a project on the same scale as the Human Genome Project-Read (HGP-Read) under which human genome was sequenced in 2003.
Human Genome Project-Write (HGP-Write) : The Project was named Human Genome Project-write because synthesizing would amount to writing rather than reading the genetic code. HGP-write will be implemented through a new, independent nonprofit organization, the Center of Excellence for Engineering Biology. The proposal could make it possible to grow human organs for transplant and speed up the development of vaccines.The initiative could take 10 years and a minimum of 100 million dollar just to get started.
Potential Application : Potential applications include growing transplantable human organs and engineering immunity to viruses in cell lines via genome-wide recoding. Other potential benefits include engineering cancer resistance into new therapeutic cell lines and accelerating high-productivity, cost-efficient vaccine and pharmaceutical development using human cells and organoids.
The human genome is the genetic blueprint of every organism which is the complete set of DNA containing the instructions it needs to survive and thrive. Sequencing the human genome requires decoding the exact order of about three billion base pairs of DNA packed into 30000 genes.
Genome synthesis is a logical extension of the genetic engineering tools that have been used safely within the biotech industry for more 40 years and have provided important societal benefits and it could revolutionise the field of biotechnology.
However, it raises troubling ethical concerns due to the potential of one day creating children with no biological parents, and also due to the secrecy surrounding a recent closed-door meeting on the subject.
The 9 million Euro Indo-EU ‘Water4crops’ project was in news in third week of June 2016 after a review and planning meet on the project was conducted from 15 June to 17 June 2016 in New Delhi. The review meeting was held to mark the completion of 4-year of the project.
Water4Crops stands for “integrating bio-treated wastewater reuse and valorization with enhanced water use efficiency to support the Green Economy in Europe and India”.
Objective of the project : Developing innovative biotechnological wastewater treatments, even based on plant-systems, for boosting wastewater reuse in agriculture.Improving water use efficiency through agronomics, plant breeding and locally adapted irrigation technologies and techniques.
Features of Water4crops Project : It is one of the largest Indo-Euro projects co-funded by Government of India through the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) under the Ministry of Science & Technology and the European Union. Indian government funded three million for the project while the European Commission through its 7th Framework Programme funded six million euro.
It was formed in 2012 under KBBE.2012.3.5-03: Biotechnological waste water treatments and reuse in agronomical systems.It was formed to address the emerging, increasingly important issue for the world: “Water and wastewater reuse and management.It provides an opportunity to efficiently utilize low-quality industrial, domestic and municipal wastewater by facilitating the development of various technologies for wastewater treatment at the local scale and its feasible use in agriculture.
The project brings together an Indo-European consortium of 36 organizations [14 Indian and 22 European] belonging to research institutions, universities, large industries and SMEs.
Success of the Project : The project has shown remarkable success by aiding the construction of wetlands containing plant species such as Canna indica, lemon grass (Cymbopogon), napier (Pennisetum perpureum X Pennisetum americarnum), para grass (Urochloa mutica), typha (Typha latifolia), water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) and a weed species Ageratum Conyzoides.
These plant species absorb harmful toxins as well as nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potash, inter alia, that contaminate the water due to overuse of chemical fertilizers in the agriculture sector.
RAPID : R for Revenue, A for Accountability, P for Probity, I for Information and D for Digitization
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 16 June 2016 suggested a mantra, RAPID, to tax officials while inaugurating Rajasva Gyan Sangam, a two-day Annual Conference of Senior Tax Administrators in New Delhi.
The mantra, RAPID means R for Revenue, A for Accountability, P for Probity, I for Information and D for Digitization.
It will help people to respect the rule of law as well as fear of the long arm of the law for those who evade taxes.
During the ceremony, Modi also motivated the revenue officers towards achieving high standards in taxpayer friendly service in view of fast paced changes in the world economy. He is also likely to address some of the challenges faced by these departments.
The conference provided a platform to assess the performance of the year gone by and to deliberate on emerging issues without any hierarchical barriers.
Tech-based car hailing company Uber has entered into an agreement with Tata group to help its drivers own Indica and Indigo cars with less hassle. While Tata Capital Financial Services and Tata Motors Finance will offer loans at competitive interest rates, ‘affordable’ insurance would be offered by Tata AIG as a package.
Started off in Hyderabad, the scheme will be rolled out in other cities where Uber runs its services.
Over the next one year, the initiative endeavours to fuel micro-entrepreneurship across India by enabling over 20,000 drivers to start their own business on the Uber platform.
The Mangaluru-based Karnataka Bank has bagged the Jamnalal Bajaj award for fair business practices, a certificate of merit under the category 'service enterprises-large'.
The award was constituted by the CFPB (Council for Fair Business Practices) in four categories : manufacturing, services, trade and distribution and charitable association.
Karnataka Bank Managing Director and CEO P Jayaram Bhat said in the release that their bank was committed to promoting the highest ethical practices in dealings with customers and stakeholders to provide them complete satisfaction and to create sustained value.
Karnataka Bank : Karnataka Bank is a major banking institution based in the coastal city of Mangaluru in Karnataka, India. The Reserve Bank of India has designated Karnataka Bank as an A1+-class scheduled commercial bank.
The bank now has a national presence with a network of 731 branches and above 1230 ATM's across 21 states and two Union territories. It has over 6084 employees and 6.7 million customers, including farmers and artisans in villages and small towns throughout the country. Its shares are entirely privately owned by some 1,29,862 shareholders.
Kolkata-Ashuganj-Tripura transit facility under the revised Inland Water Transit and Trade Protocol between India and Bangladesh became operational. The transit facility was signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Dhaka in June 2015. It was officially inaugurated on 16 June 2016. As part of it, the first ship from Kolkata carrying 1000 tonnes of steel and iron sheets reached Ashuganj river port in Bangladesh. From the port the cargo will transit throughout Bangladesh territory to reach its destination in Tripura.
Kolkata-Ashuganj-Tripura transit facility : The facility running through a land and river route crossing Bangladesh territory cuts the Kolkata-Agartala distance via Siliguri’s ‘chicken neck’ from 1600 km to 800 km. It also has reduced the time of the journey from 30 days (via Siliguri corridor) to just 10 days. It has cut the transportation costs from mainland India to the north-eastern state from 67 US dollars to 35 US dollars per tonne. However, as per the protocol India pays transit fees of 192.25 dollars per tonne as negotiated between the two countries.
With the formal inauguration of the transit facility, both friendly neighbours have crossed yet another milestone in their bilateral relations and regional connectivity. The Kolkata-Ashuganj-Tripura tranist route gives mainland India cheaper and easier access to the seven landlocked northeastern states.
Regional connectivity : Under the India-Bangladesh Bilateral Trade Agreement, the revised Inland Water Transit & Trade Protocol gives both countries right to use each other’s territory for transiting goods to third countries. Thus it allows Bangladesh to transit goods to Bhutan and Nepal while India can access Myanmar via Bangladesh giving impetus to Act east policy. The protocol also facilitates trade and development not only between Bangladesh and India but also in the entire sub-region facilitating trade and development in the sub-region.
Indian-origin diplomat Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir was on 17 June 2016 nominated as the next American Ambassador to Malaysia by US President Barack Obama.He will replace Joseph Y Yun, a career member of the Senior Foreign Service.
Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir : Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir served as the Executive Assistant to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2011 to 2015. She served as the US Consul General in Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom from 2009 to 2011.
She previously worked in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs as the Director of the Office of Maritime Southeast Asia from 2007 to 2009. From 2001 to 2005, Lakhdhir was a Political Officer at the US Embassy in Beijing, China. From 1998 to 2000, Lakhdhir was Deputy Coordinator of the Taiwan Coordination Staff in the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs.
Since joining the Foreign Service in 1991, Lakhdhir served as a Political Officer in Indonesia and as a Consular Officer in Saudi Arabia. She received a BA from Harvard College and an MS from the National War College.He will replace Joseph Y Yun, a career member of the Senior Foreign Service.
World Day to Combat Desertification (WDCD) 2016 was observed across the world on 17 June 2016. Inclusive cooperation for achieving Land Degradation Neutrality was the theme for the 2016 WDCD.
The slogan for the day was Protect Earth. Restore Land. Engage People.
The theme focuses on making Land Degradation Neutrality, which is a fundamental solution for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
On the other hand, the slogan addresses the importance of comprehensive participation and cooperation in working towards achieving Land Degradation Neutrality.
The World Day to Combat Desertification has been observed since 1995.It is observed to promote public awareness relating to international cooperation to combat desertification and the effects of drought. In 1994, the United Nations General Assembly declared June 17 as the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought.
The theme for the 2015 WDCD was Attainment of food security for all through sustainable food systems.
Manimala Devi, veteran Odia actress, passed away on 16 June 2016 following a prolonged illness at Bhubaneswar, Odisha. She was 86.
Manimala ruled the Odia film industry in the 1960s as lead actress with her influential performances in various films.
Manimala Devi : Born on 19 June 1931 at Balibishi village of Kendrapara district, Manimala joined Annapurna Theatre at the tender age of eight. She began her career as a child artiste in Annapurna Group B and went on to perform in at least 100 plays.She acted in 28 Odia films of which 14 bagged the National Film Awards including her debut film Sri Loknath in 1960.
As a leading actress, she featured in films like Laxmi, Bhai Bhauja, Kaa, Malajanha, Abhinetri and Suryamukhi, which also bagged a number of awards. She also acted in Nirad Mohapatra’s Maya Miriga which bagged the Rashtrapati Award as the second best film in 1983. She was also selected as an accredited singer for Akashvani Kendra. She was conferred with the prestigious Jayadev Purashkar, the state’s highest cine award, in the year 2000.
The Rio 2016 organising committee on 14 June 2016 revealed the official slogan, A New World, for the first Olympic and Paralympic Games in South America.
The slogan was unveiled by Thomas Bach, president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), at a special ceremony held at Olympic Park in Barra da Tijuca, Brazil.
Besides, the organising committee also unveiled the designs for the 2488 gold, silver and bronze medals that ten thousand athletes will soon be competing for.
Slogan : A new world will be the front and center message that will be transmitted around the world in the lead-up to and during the 2016 Games.The slogan was chosen to show the desire of Rio 2016 for a better world.
The creation of a slogan is a tradition of each Olympic Games. Previous Olympic mottos included Welcome home for Athens in 2004, One world, one dream for Beijing in 2008, and Inspire a Generation for London in 2012.
Baltimore’s National Aquarium on 15 June 2016 announced its plan to create an Oceanside dolphin sanctuary. This will be first of its kind sanctuary for the marine mammals in North America.
The aquarium will move its colony of eight Atlantic bottlenose dolphins to an outdoor facility with natural seawater by 2020. Of the eight bottlenose dolphins (six female and two male), only one has ever lived in the open ocean.
For this purpose of creating a sanctuary, a team is scouting locations in Florida and the Caribbean for the habitat.
About the Venue : Decided venue for the dolphins will be a protected coastal habitat, where the animals will continue to live under human care.The venue will lie in a tropical or subtropical location will also contain natural stimuli for the dolphins, such as fish and sea plants.Years of research on dolphin behavior and pressure from animal rights groups made the national aquarium to make a decision of moving the marine mammals to a sanctuary. Animal rights groups were protesting over the captivity of dolphins for years.
Bottlenose dolphins : Bottlenose dolphins are the one of the most common species of marine mammals, with colors ranging from light gray to black.They range in size from 6 feet (1.8 meters) to more than 12 feet (3.6 meters) in length, and adults can weigh up to 1,400 pounds (635 kg).
Challenges that lies ahead : Of the eight bottlenose dolphins, only one dolphin, female named Nani, has ever lived in the open ocean as she was born in wild in 1972.They have never felt the rain on their dorsal fins, neither they ever chased a mullet along a mangrove shore or teased a startled crab.
These dolphins will have to learn the acts of being ocean-dwelling dolphins with its sets of skills to fight against problems like pollution, noise, jellyfish and red tides.
They will have to learn to survive in the new habitat that will be much larger than their current habitat.The new habitat will also have more fish and marine plants as compared to the present habitat.
The idea of protecting the dolphins by providing sanctuary after providing the same to big cats, elephants, chimpanzees and many more is a sign of a maturing ethic of caring all living species.
NASA’s instrument, Hyperion spectrometer on NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1), onboard an orbiting spacecraft measured methane emissions from a single, specific leaking facility on Earth’s surface.
The observation, which occurred over Aliso Canyon, near Porter Ranch, California is an important breakthrough. It is important as it provides an ability to eventually measure and monitor emissions of this potent greenhouse gas from space.
This observation from space came in news after the paper was accepted for publication in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.the observation via Hyperion spectrometer.The Hyperion instrument successfully detected the methane leak on three separate overpasses during the winter of 2015-16.
The research was part of an investigation of the large accidental Aliso Canyon methane release last fall and winter.The orbital observations from Hyperion were consistent with airborne measurements made by NASA's Airborne/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) imager flying onboard a NASA ER-2 aircraft.
This is the first time that a methane emission from a single facility was observed from space. The detection will help to understand and address the unknown factor in greenhouse gas emissions.Till date, the percentage of atmospheric methane produced through human activities remains poorly understood. But this detection will help in resolving the question by surveying the biggest sources around the world, which will be done with the instruments with much greater sensitivity on orbiting satellites.
NASA's Earth Observing-1 : NASA's New Millennium Program, EO-1 is an advanced land-imaging mission designed to demonstrate new instruments and spacecraft systems.Launched in 2000, EO-1 has validated technologies for the Operational Land Imager used on the Landsat-8 satellite mission and future imaging spectrometer missions, and supported disaster-response applications.The mission is managed by NASA Goddard.
A joint initiative between NASA and the US Geological Survey, Landsat represents the world's longest continuously acquired collection of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data.
Mohun Bagan has announced that it will honour country’s only Dronacharya football coach Syed Nayeemuddin with the Mohun Bagan Ratna on 15 June 2016.
Nayeemuddin was chosen for the prestigious award for his overall contribution to the club and the country both as a player and as a coach.
Syed Nayeemuddin : Syed Nayeemuddin is an Indian football coach and former player.
As a player, he captained the Indian national team that won a bronze medal at the 1970 Asian Games.He was appointed coach of India in 1997.He won the South Asian Football Federation Cup by beating the Maldives 5–1 and reached the semi-finals of the Nehru Cup for the first time.He is the only sports-person to win both the Arjuna and Dronacharya Awards for football.
Mohun Bagan Ratna : The Mohun Bagan Ratna is awarded annually to great football players. It is a mark of respect which recognizes and lauds indispensable contribution of football greats to the club over the years.The award is presented to the winners on 29 July, which is celebrated as Mohun Bagan Day. In 2015, Karuna Sankar Bhattacharya was honoured posthumously with the Mohun Bagan Ratna.
Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) team on 15 June 2016 announced their second detection of gravitational waves, the flexing of space and time caused by the black hole collision.The detection was made on 26 December 2016 by the LIGO’s twin detectors in Louisiana and Washington when the waves hit the observatory lasted for about a full second and is five times longer than the first one.
While, the first gravitational wave observation was announced in February 2016 by LIGO and the discovery was published in Physical Review Letters. The waves first hit the observatory in Livingston, Louisiana, and then 1.1 milliseconds later passed through the one in Hanford, Washington on 14 September 2015.
Two black holes spiraled toward each other in deep space with their tremendous mass warping space time and propagating gravitational waves across the fabric of the universe at light-speed.
The two black holes crashed into one another and merged into one even bigger black hole which is 62 times the mass of the Sun, emitting a crescendo of waves.The two LIGO detectors measured gravitational waves from the inspiral, as the decaying mutual orbits of two bodies and merger of two black holes. One was eight and the other 14 times the Sun’s mass, both merged to form a black hole with 21 times the solar mass.The signal from the first collision LIGO detected, for instance, only lasted for about 0.2 seconds.Smaller black holes can get much closer before they collide, so they can spend much longer orbiting faster than LIGO’s minimum threshold.
LIGO detectors : These detectors are shaped like a giant letter L, built out of two 2.5 mile-long vacuums.Light travels down each leg before bouncing off an 88 pound mirror dangling from a system of pulleys held by pulleys connected to equipment that actively measures and counteracts the seismic motion of the Earth.
Each pulley naturally dissipates any motion that gets through, and the system magnifies the effect for four times.The light recombines in a detector at the crux of the L.If the mirrors are exactly where they should be, the crests of one ray line up with the troughs of the other, and no light hits the detector. If the mirrors move at all, the rays line up imperfectly and some light ekes through, by alerting the system to look for sources of error.
Everything from magnets in the sensors to acoustic noise around the vacuum tubes to passing trucks can create noise in the measurements.
Andhra Pradesh is perhaps the first State to have obtained a telecom licence and it can issue phone numbers starting with the ‘797’ series from August this year.
It indirectly got the opportunity to start an internet based telephone service ‘without requiring any further registration’ after it obtained permission from the Telecom Ministry for starting its own IPTV Internet Protocol based Television network as part of its Fibre Grid project. Although it primarily aims at providing affordable net connectivity in every corner of the Stat.
The government can provide free telephone services within the region through internet which means you can also skype and have video calls.
The Union Cabinet has approved a Rs 2,070-crore highways project in Punjab under its hybrid annuity mode to ensure faster movement of traffic between Chandigarh and Ludhiana.
The project is part of Chandigarh-Ludhiana section. Six/ four laning of Kharar to Ludhiana section of NH 95 (New NH 5) has been approved by the Cabinet .The 76-km highway stretch will be constructed at a cost of Rs 2,069.70 crore and land required for it is 383.22 hectare, majority of which has been acquired and remaining 145 hectares will be acquired .The highway at present is only two-lane.
The project is scheduled to be completed in 30 months, the minister said adding, out of the total, 54 km will be widened to six lane and the remaining 22 km will broadened to four lanes. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways had in 2006 approved the Chandigarh-Ludhiana section of NH 21 and NH 95 through public-private-partnership (PPP) on build, operate, transfer (BOT) basis under NHDP Phase V.
The project was later reconstructed in two parts Chandigarh-Kharar and Kharar-Ludhiana due to non-viability. The Chandigarh-Kharar section has already been awarded on engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) mode.
Under the hybrid annuity mode, the government provides 40 per cent of the cost to the developer while the remaining 60 per cent has to be borne by concessionaires.
Famous Television actress Ann Morgan Guilbert died on 16 June 2016 after battling with cancer. She was 87.
Ann Morgan Guilbert : She began her TV career in the 1960s, appearing on popular programmes such as I Dream of Jeannie, My Three Sons, The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, The Partridge Family, Love, American Style, and The New Andy Griffith Show.
She was best known for her five-season run on classic sitcom Dick Van Dyke Show.In which, she played a character named Millie Helper, who was the neighbour and best friend of Laura Petrie, the character played by Mary Tyler Moore.
She also portrayed Fran Drescher's elderly grandmother, Yetta Rosenberg, on hit US comedy The Nanny.Earlier in 2016 she made her final credit for James Brolin's comedyLife In Pieces.She also appeared onstage multiple times, enjoying a stint in the 2005 Broadway play A Naked Girl on the Appian Way.
Senior IAS officer Supriya Sahu was appointed as Director General of Doordarshan on 15 June 2016. She will be the full-time director general of the state-run broadcaster after two year as the post was lying vacant since July 2014.
The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) approved to appoint Sahu for the post.She would replace Aparna Vaish who was acting head of Doordharsan. She was appointed after the board decided to appoint the senior-most additional director general (ADG) at Doordarshan.
Tripurari Sharan was the last full-time director general at Doordarshan who stepped down in July 2014.
Supriya Sahu : She is a 1991 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer. At the time of the appointment, she is working in her cadre state Tamil Nadu. She was the power behind the Say no to plastics campaign to protect the eco-system of the hill station, Ooty, during her tenure as District Collector of the Nilgiris district.She has also worked as Joint Secretary for Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB).
Russia has launched the new Project 22220 nuclear powered icebreaker dubbed ‘Arktika’. It is the world’s largest and most powerful vessel of its kind. It was launched from the Baltic Shipyard located in Russia’s second largest city of St. Petersburg.
Features of Arktika : Arktika is powered by two next generation RITM-200 nuclear-reactors. These reactors will be supplied with nuclear be produced by the TVEL fuel company. It has dual-draft design which makes it possible to use it in Arctic waters and in estuaries of polar rivers. It can break through 13 feet (3 metres) thick ice. The vessel is 173.3 meters long and 34 meters wide. It has displacement capacity of 33540 metric tons.