Today Current Affairs 16th August 2016

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Larsen & Toubro (L&T) has received a letter of intent appointing it as the implementation partner to convert Nagpur, the Orange City, into the country’s first large-scale integrated smart city. This is in line with the government’s vision to use vanguard technology for creating smart solutions to improve quality of life of citizens. The scope of work in phase 1 for L&T’s smart world communications business vertical, which is a part of L&T Construction, will cover laying of 1200 km of optical fibre network backbone, creating 136 City Wi-Fi hotspots at key locations, establishing 100 digital interactive kiosks and developing city surveillance systems with 3800 IP based cameras.  Further, as an avant-garde endeavour, the city has identified a strip of approximately 6 km (from Japanese Garden Square to Orange City Hospital Square) to be developed as a ‘Smart Strip’ with state-of-the-art systems powered by smart ICT interventions like smart transport, solid waste management, smart lighting, etc. which can be leveraged in a phased manner to ultimately cover the entire city. After Jaipur, this is the most significant step in the country’s journey towards establishing smart cities and we are delighted to be participating in transforming Nagpur into one. As a master systems integrator, we will provide leading edge technology solutions including high end analytics, mobile surveillance and high-tech tools like drones. Vijay Kumar Gautam, principal secretary, Government of Maharashtra, added, “The Nagpur Smart City project is a major milestone for the Government of Maharashtra. The initiative will be driven by the government’s Department of Information & Technology. We envisage it as a very structured programme replete with several digital technology elements. The ‘Smart Strip’ will be a new and exciting concept attempted for the first time in the country. L&T’s smart world business has been making its presence felt across some of the major Indian cities by creating smart solutions. Beginning with the development of surveillance and intelligent traffic management systems for the Government of Gujarat in Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar and Vadodara and a surveillance and management system of critical infrastructure at the Sabarmati Jail, the business has since executed the smart city project in Jaipur and is executing India’s largest city surveillance project comprising 6000 cameras across 1500+ locations in Mumbai for the Government of Maharashtra. Projects are also underway in Delhi, Lucknow and Hyderabad.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday announced a 20 per cent hike in the pension of freedom fighters.  Pension for our freedom fighters will be increased by 20 per cent. So those who are receiving Rs 25,000 will now get Rs 30,000 . He also announced that museums would be established in different states to glorify the role of lesser-known tribal freedom fighters.  Tribals played an important role in out freedom struggle. Our government is planning to open museums all over the country to glorify their role so that future generations can know about their sacrifices . The government, last August, on the 73rd anniversary of the Quit India Day also increased the pension for freedom fighters by hiking dearness relief by 218 per cent.  The present rate of pension is Rs 23,309 per month for political prisoners jailed in the Andamans, Rs 20,1291 for freedom fighters/spouses, Rs 4,770 for unmarried/unemployed daughters and Rs 10,064 for two spouses.  The total number central freedom fighters pensioners as on January 1, 2015 is 35,900. 

Central Leather Research Institute's Principal Scientist P Shanmugam has bagged the Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Award for meritorious services in the Higher Education Department of Tamil Nadu.  Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa presented the award comprising a certificate, Rs five lakh cheque and eight gram gold medal during the 70th Independence Day celebrations at Fort St George . The Kalpana Chawla Award for Courage and Daring Enterprise was presented to Jayanthi hailing from Namakkal District by Jayalalitha on the occasion. The award carries Rs five lakh cheque, certificate and gold coated medal.  The Chief Minister's Best Practices Award was presented to Thanjavur District Collector N Subbaiyan and Superintendent of Police Mayilvahanan.  Tamil Nadu Municipal Administration and Rural Development Minister S P Velumani and Rural Development, Principal Secretary, Hansraj Verma, received the award for solid waste management in rural areas. State Revenue Minister R B Udhayakumar, Revenue Department, Prinicipal Secretary, B Chandramohan received the award for respectively in the field of online patta transfer.  Dindigul Corporation received the Best Corporation Award while Pattukottai Municipality received the Best Municipality First Prize while Perambalur Municipality bagged the second prize.  The Chief Minister's State Youth Award was presented to K Masha Nazeem in women's category while in Men's category, P Ruban Santhosh bagged the award which carries a certificate, Rs 50,000 cheque and a medal.

The first National Conference of Investigating Agencies was held from August 12 to 13, 2016 at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. The two-day conference was inaugurated by the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. The conference was attended by more than 100 delegates from States/UTs/Central Police Organisations. The conference was organized by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) in coordination with National Investigation Agency (NIA). The purpose of the first of its kind conference was to provide an annual national platform to all the officers of law enforcement agencies engaged in investigation tasks.  The agenda of the Conference was to: Discuss the latest laws and judgements and their implications for investigation and prosecution. Deliberate on new legislation and criminal law amendments for meeting new challenges in investigation. Adoption of latest technology in forensic sciences for professional and expeditious investigation. Share best practices followed by different investigation agencies which could be implemented by others.

Usain Bolt clinched gold in the 100-metre final in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 14 August 2016. With this win, Bolt became the first man to win the event three times at consecutive Olympic Games. Bolt won the race in 9.81 seconds, followed by USA’sJustin Gatlin at 9.89 seconds and Canada’s Andre De Grasse at a personal-best 9.91 seconds. De Grasse is also the first Canadian male athlete to win a medal in Rio. Usain Bolt : Born 21 August 1986, Usain Bolt is a Jamaican sprinter. He is regarded as the fastest person ever timed. He is the first man to hold both the 100 metres and 200 metres world records since fully automatic time became mandatory. He also holds the world record in the 4 × 100 metres relay. He is the reigning World and Olympic champion in these three events.  He is the first man at the Olympic Games to win six gold medals for sprinting.He was the first to win consecutive Olympic 100 m in 2008 and 200 m titles in 2012 His achievements in sprinting have earned him the media nickname Lightning Bolt. His awards include the IAAF World Athlete of the Year, Track & Field Athlete of the Year and Laureus World Sportsman of the Year.

Poland’s Anita Wlodarczyk broke her own women’s hammer world record to win the gold medal at the Rio Olympics on 15 August 2016. Wlodarczyk’s winning mark was 82.29m. China’s Wenxiu Zhang won the silver medal with a mark of 76.75m. Sophie Hitchon of Great Britainearned the bronze medal. Anita Wlodarczyk : Anita Wlodarczyk is a Polish hammer thrower.She is first woman in history to throw the hammer over 80 m. She currently holds the women's world record of 82.29 m.She is considered the greatest women’s hammer thrower of all time.She won her first national U23 championships in 2007.She finished sixth in the hammer throw competition at the 2008 Olympic Games.She took part in the 2009 European Team Championships winning her first gold medal at a major international competition. On 1 August 2015, she set a new world record with a throw of 81.08 metres and became the first woman to throw the hammer over 80 metres.

Andy Murray of Great Britain won the gold medal in men’s singles tennis category in Rio 2016 Olympic Games  on 14 August 2016.To win the title, he defeated Argentina's Juan Martin Del Potro 7-5 4-6 6-2 7-5 in the final match held at the Olympic Tennis Centre in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. With the win, he retained the medal and became the first player to win two men's singles tennis gold medals in Olympics. For him, it was also the 18th straight victory following his second Wimbledon title in July 2016. For Del Potro, the silver medal winner, it was his second Olympic medal after a bronze at the 2012 London Games.

China has  launched the world's first quantum satellite named Quantum Experiments at Space Scaler (QUESS) satellite on 16 August 2016. The satellite was launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in the remote northwestern province of Gansu. The satellite will help establish hack-proof communications between space and the ground. Highlights  :  It is nicknamed Micius, after a 5th century BC Chinese philosopher and scientist who has been credited as the first one in human history conducting optical experiments.It is designed to establish hack-proof quantum communications by transmitting uncrackable keys from space to the ground. It will enable secure communications between Beijing and Urumqi, the capital of China's violence-prone far western region of Xinjiang.  It will circle the Earth once every 90 minutes after it enters a sun-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 500 km.

Italy’s Elia Viviani won gold in the men's omnium cycling track at the Rio Olympics on 15 August 2016. On the other hand, Great Britain’s Mark Cavendish won the silver and Lasse Norman Hansen of Denmark took the bronze. Elia Viviani : Born on 7 February 1989, Elia Viviani is an Italian racing cyclist.He rides for Team Sky.On 10 May 2015, he grabbed his first Grand Tour stage victory at the Giro d'Italia, winning stage 2 in a bunch sprint before Moreno Hofland and Andre Greipel. Omnium : An omnium is a multiple race event in track cycling. Historically, the omnium has had a variety of formats. In recent years, road racing has adopted the term to describe multi-day races that feature the three primary road race events. The omnium was reintroduced into the World Championships as a five race format for men in 2007 and for women in 2009. The omnium was changed in 2010 by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) to include the elimination race and the distances of the events were lengthened to favour endurance cyclists.The omnium replaced the individual pursuit, the points race and the Madison at the Summer Olympic Games beginning in 2012.  

Bahrain’s Ruth Jebet has clinched gold in women’s 3000 metres steeplechase on 15 August 2016 . It is Bahrain’s first ever Olympic gold medal. Jebet won the race in the second-quickest time in history. She clocked a time of eight minutes 59.75 seconds, narrowly outside of Russian Gulnara Samitova-Galkina's world record of 08:58.16. Kenya’s Hyvin Kiyeng Jepkemoi grabbed the silver in the event. American Emma Coburn won the bronze. Ruth Jebet : Born on 17 November 1996, Ruth Jebet is a long-distance runner and steeplechase specialist. In April 2013, she won the 3000 metres and the 5000 metres at the Kenyan high school championships. She came second in the 3000 metres steeplechase to Moroccan Olympian Salima El Ouali Alami at the 2013 Arab Athletics Championships. Her time of 9:52.47 minutes was a Bahraini national record for the event.In 2013 Asian Athletics Championships, she defeated Sudha Singh by more than fifteen seconds and her time of 9:40.84 minutes was a new championship record.In 2014, she won the World Junior Championship ahead of two other Kenyan girls.

Pramukh Swami Maharaj, head of Bochasanwasi Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) of Swaminarayan sect, passed away on 13 August 2016 at Sarangpur, Gujarat. He was 95. Pramukh Swami Maharaj : Pramukh Swami Maharaj was an Indian spiritual guru.BAPS regards him as the fifth spiritual successor of Swaminarayan, following Gunatitanand Swami, Bhagatji Maharaj, Shastriji Maharaj and Yogiji Maharaj. He was believed by his followers to be in constant communion with Swaminarayan. Pramukh Swami Maharaj received initiation as a Hindu Swami in 1940 from Shastriji Maharaj, the founder of BAPS.He built more than 1100 Hindu temples, including the Swaminarayan Akshardham temples in New Delhi and Gandhinagar, Gujarat. He had also spearheaded the efforts of BAPS Charities, which is the charitable service organization affiliated with BAPS.f

Union Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan has launched the Pradhan Mantri UjjwalaYojana (PMUY) in West Bengal, which is a scheme to provide clean cooking fuel to the women belonging to the 'Below Poverty Line' (BPL) households across the country. PMUY which was launched by the Prime Minister of India on May 1, 2016 at Ballia (Uttar Pradesh) aims to provide LPG connections to 5 Crore BPL households by 2019 and is a part of larger programme of adding 10 Crore new LPG connections by 2019 to achieve full coverage of connections in Indian households.

Indian Institute of Science (IISc) has bagged the 5 Medals for Young Scientists award 2016. It was awarded by the Indian National Science Academy (INSA).  The winners from IISc this year are: Prabeer Barpanda, Sai Siva Gorthi, Praveen Kumar, Anshu Pandey and Chandan Saha. The INSA annually presents the Young Scientist Award to distinguish young scientists who have made notable research contributions in science and technology. Started in 1974, about 760 scientists have been recognised so far.  A maximum of 30 awards are given each year. The INSA annually presents the Young Scientist Award to distinguish young scientists who have made notable research contributions in science and technology.  Started in 1974, about 760 scientists have been recognised so far. A maximum of 30 awards are given each year.

Indian company from Bangalore registered its name in Guinness World Records after making a world largest dirt cake.  Bangalore Baking Buddies demonstrated the company’s skills and passion for baking after making a giant cake that weighed a whopping 1,078 kg. The giant treat was unveiled at The Park hotel in Bangalore, Karnataka and was made by bakers Danish Ali, Dr Archana Diwan, Nidhi Bagri and Poonam Ankur Shrishrimal, who spent over 10 hours preparing it. A dirt cake is a cake that uses crumbs from sandwich cookies and pudding in combination with other ingredients to create a dessert that has a dirty, garden-like look.  This one contained 220 kg cream cheese, 190 litres whipped cream, 550 kg crushed sandwich cookies, 65 kg sugar, 180 litres milk, 45 kg custard powder, 35 kg sweets, 85 kg butter and 35 kg worth of edible decoration.

Eminent academic Pratap Bhanu Mehta has resigned from the executive council of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML) over his purported disagreement with the recommendation of the search and selection committee, of which he was a member, regarding the premier institution’s next director. Nehru Memorial Museum & Library : The Nehru Memorial Museum & Library (NMML) is a museum and library in New Delhi, India, which aims to preserve and reconstruct the history of the Indian independence movement. Housed within the Teen Murti House complex, it is an autonomous institution under the Indian Ministry of Culture, and was founded in 1964 after the death of India's first prime minister,Jawaharlal Nehru. It aims to foster academic research on modern and contemporary history.Today, the Nehru Memorial Library is the world’s leading resource centre on India’s first prime minister  and its archives contain the bulk of Mahatma Gandhi's writings  apart from private papers of C. Rajagopalachari, B. C. Roy, Jayaprakash Narayan, Charan Singh, Sarojini Naidu and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur.

Former DMK Minister S.P Sarguna Pandian, who began her political career as a platform speaker even when she was a school student, died on 13 August,2016. She was 75 years old.  She was elected to the Assembly from the R.K. Nagar constituency in 1989 and again in 1996. As a Minister she held the portfolio of Social Welfare between 1996 and 2001. In the 2006 Assembly elections, she contested unsuccessfully from the Royapuram constituency.

After Punjab National Bank and United Bank of India, more banks are likely to soon start a facility wherein an account holder can verify his income tax return on e-filing site even without having net banking.  Electronic Verification Code (EVC) can be generated by pre-validating the bank account on the e-filing portal of the Income Tax Department.  PNB and UBI have launched this facility which will facilitate the account holders, who may not have a netbanking account, to e-verify their return. Other banks are expected to launch this facility. It also said EVC can be generated by pre-validating a Demat Account on the e-filing portal.  NSDL and CDSL have launched this facility which will facilitate the account holders to e-verify their return . Customers of State Bank of India, Axis Bank and Canara Bank can generate EVC through the respective bank's ATMs. Other banks are also expected to offer this facility soon . As per the latest data, the e-verification facility of IT returns was used by over 75.3 lakh taxpayers till August 5 as compared to 32.95 lakh taxpayers last year till September 7, 2015.  Of these, Aadhar based e-verification was used by 17.68 lakh taxpayers during the current year as against 10.41 lakh taxpayers during the same period in 2015-16. In addition to these, 3.32 lakh returns were digitally signed.  The tax department said it encourages all taxpayers who have submitted their ITRs to use e-verification as an easy alternative to sending their ITR-V form to CPC, Bengaluru.  The CPC Bengaluru has already issued over 54.35 lakh refunds totalling to Rs 14,332 crore which includes 20.81 lakh refunds for Assessment Year 2016-17 amounting to Rs 2,922 crore (till August 5).   

South Indian Bank, leading private sector bank, and SBI Card, one of India's leading Credit Card issuers, on Friday, announced the launch of co-branded credit cards for the customers of South Indian Bank.  Through this alliance South Indian Bank and SBI Card will launch two variants of credit card on VISA platform, namely South Indian Bank Platinum SBI Card and South Indian Bank Simply SAVE SBI Card.  While the South Indian Bank Platinum SBI Card has been designed keeping in mind the premium customers and offers features in line with their lifestyle habits, the South Indian Bank Simply SAVE SBI Card is aimed at the value conscious consumers and offers rewards and features that take into account the spending requirements of customers who want accelerated rewards from their credit card. 

Insurance watchdog, IRDAI has imposed Rs 35 lakh fine on Bharti AXA General Insurance Co Ltd for violation of various norms including outsourcing activities and corporate governance guidelines.  The fine is based on violation related with an inspection finding during December 2012 to March 2013. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) is an autonomous apex statutory body which regulates and develops the insurance industry in India.  It was constituted by a Parliament of India act called Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 and duly passed by the Government of India.  The agency operates from its headquarters at Hyderabad, Telangana where it shifted from Delhi in 2001.

Sri Lanka and China have signed a tripartite agreement to proceed with the construction of a Financial City Centre in Colombo. The agreement was signed between Sri Lanka’s Urban Development Authority, Ministry of Megapolis and Western Development and China Harbour Engineering Company. The Colombo International Financial City project aims to transform Sri Lanka into an international financial hub in the Indian Ocean region (IOR).  It will be the centre of the maritime city which be one of the key phenomenon that will decide the future development of Sri Lanka.  The project will include central parks and beaches for the public and is expected to create thousands of jobs in the island country.  The $1.4 billion Port City project initially started construction in September 2014. But it was suspended in March 2015 due to environmental concerns.

The Union Government has launched the first phase of Smart Ganga City programme in 10 cities located along River Ganga. The first phase of programme was jointly launched by the Union Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu and Union Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti. 10 Cities/Towns are Haridwar, Rishikesh, Mathura, Varanasi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Patna, Sahibganj and Barrackpore. Under this programme, Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) and improve drainage network will be set up on hybrid annuity mode on public private partnership basis.  In the hybrid annuity model, a part of capital investment (up to 40%) will be paid by Union Government through construction linked milestones.  The balance amount will come through an annuity over the contract duration up to 20 years to ensure operational longevity of STPs.

India’s first Nuclear Suppliers’ insurance policy for ‘Right to Recourse’ was unveiled by India Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP).  The policy was unveiled by Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) chairman Sekhar Basu in Mumbai, Maharashtra. INIP is the 27th global nuclear insurance pool which was launched by state run General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC Re), in association with non-life insurance companies.  New India Assurance Co (NIAC) and INIP will issue the policy and administer the claims on behalf of the pool.  Earlier NIAC had issued a policy for the operators of nuclear power plants under INIP by underwriting premium to the tune of Rs 100 crore. India Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) :  Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP) of 1,500 crore rupees was launched as per the mandatory provision under the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act (CLND), 2010. The pool provides capacity for insurance coverage to operators and suppliers for any nuclear liability towards third party.  INIP also will offer policies on the nuclear operators liability insurance policy and a nuclear suppliers’ special contingency (against right to recourse) insurance policy. It will also address third-party liability insurance and later expand into property and other hot zone i.e. inside reactor areas risk. At present, it only covers cold zones (outside reactor areas).  It will also provide the risk transfer mechanism to the operators and suppliers to meet their obligations under the CLND Act, 2010.

Eminent poet and lyricist Na Muthukumar passed away in Chennai, Tamil Nadu following an illness. He was 41. He was known for his critically acclaimed literary work and Tamil film songs. He also had won two national awards. Na Muthukumar  : Born on 12 July 1975 in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. He had entered the film industry with a dream of becoming a director and had worked as an associate for Balumahendra. But his knowledge in Tamil language and literature led him to the area of song-writing.  He had first wrote songs for director Seeman’s film Veeranadai He has written more than 1,000 lyrics in various movies and also penned novel “Silk City” in Tamil. Awards and Honours: He had won two national awards for his lyrics “Anandha Yazhai Meetukirazh” in “Thanga Meenkazh” and “Azhagae Azhagae” in “Saivam”.

Justice Manjula Chellur has been selected as the new Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court. Currently, she is the Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court. She will succeed CJ Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela who retires on August 24, 2016.  She will be second woman Chief Justice of the Bombay HC, after Sujata Manohar in 1994. Manjula Chellur  : Justice Manjula Chellur was born on December 5, 1955 in Karnataka. She was the first woman advocate to practice in Bellary district and later in 1988 became a district judge. In 2000, she was appointed as the first woman judge of Karnataka High Court.  She was appointed as the Acting Chief Justice of the Kerala High Court in November 2011. She had sworn-in as the Chief Justice in September 2012 and was transferred to Calcutta High Court in 2014.

India’s first ever BIO-CNG plant producing CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) from agricultural residue was inaugurated in Pune, Maharashtra. It was jointly inaugurated by Union Minister of surface Transport Nitin Gadkari and Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar. The plant was commissioned by Pune-based Primove Engineering Private Limited. It has been set up as a Proof of Concept (PoC) which can be replicated elsewhere. It uses special bacterial solution for treating agricultural waste in the process of generation of CNG. The gas generated is cleaned and compressed for use in vehicles. The bio-fuel will help in reducing the import of diesel up to 50% and therefore the huge amount of foreign exchange can be saved. This energy source is also cost effective and pollution free. This project is remarkable step in Make In India and also will help reduce problem of disposal of agricultural waste was a major concern in the country.

The Union Bank of India (UBI) has launch an Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) based *99# mobile application for their customers for basic banking needs.  It was launched in partnership with National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), the umbrella organisation for all retail payments system in the country. *99# mobile application can be downloaded in an android smartphone from the Google Play Store by the bank customers. It can be used even without any internet connection as it does not require any data and is available in 10 languages.  It provides basic banking facilities like checking account balance, sending money, Mobile PIN (MPIN) management. Besides, it provides value added services like checking Aadhaar linked overdraft status and PMJDY account overdraft status. Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD)  : USSD is a GSM based technology i.e. used to send text between a mobile phone and an application program in the network. It is sometimes referred to as Quick Codes or Feature codes.  It is a protocol used by GSM cellular telephones to communicate with the service provider’s computers. Unlike Short Message Service (SMS) messages, USSD messages create a real-time connection during a USSD session. So they are more responsive than services that use SMS.  It can be used for prepaid callback service, WAP browsing, mobile-money services, location-based content services, menu-based information services etc.

The Union Government has constituted a National Committee on Trade Facilitation (NCTF) to develop the pan-India road map for trade facilitation. It has been constituted in line with the World Trade Organisation (WTO’s) Trade Facilitation Agreement (FTA), which India also has ratified.  The NCTF will inter – ministerial body on trade facilitation and will be headed by Pradeep Kumar Sinha, who is the Cabinet Secretary of India. It will be a national level body that will facilitate domestic co-ordination and implementation of TFA provisions. It will play lead role in developing the pan-India road map for trade facilitation. It will have three tier structure with main national committee for monitoring implementation of TFA.  It will synergise the various trade facilitation perspectives across the country and focus on an outreach programme for sensitization of stakeholders about it. It will be responsible for identifying the nature of required legislative changes and spearheading the diagnostic tools needed for assessing compliance to TFA.

India's top squash player Dipika Pallikal won the Australian Open Squash women’s singles title in Melbourne on 13 August 2016 . To win the title, the top seed Dipika defeated eighth seed Mayar Hany of Egypt 10-12, 11-5, 11-6, 11-4 in the 40-minute final. For Dipika, this was the first title win in 2016. Earlier, in February 2015, she won the Winnipeg Winter Open in Canada. Dipika Pallikal : She is the first Indian to break into the top 10 in the PSA Women's rankings.Dipika came to prominence in 2011, when she won three WISPA tour titles to attain a career-best ranking of 13th. In the 2014 Commonwealth Games held in Glasgow, she won the women’s doubles titles pairing with Joshna Chinappa.She became the first squash player to receive prestigious Arjuna Award in 2012. In 2014, she won Padma Shri honour.

The International Youth Day was celebrated across the world on 12 August 2016. The theme of the 2016 International Youth Day is - The Road to 2030: Eradicating Poverty and Achieving Sustainable Consumption and Production.This year’s Day is about achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Theme  : It focuses on the leading role of young people in ensuring poverty eradication and achieving sustainable development through sustainable consumption and production. Sustainable consumption entails the use of products and services that meet the basic needs of communities while safeguarding the needs of future generations. The development and promotion of individual choices and actions that increase the eco-efficiency of consumption of all and minimize waste and pollution is critical to achieving equitable socioeconomic development On 17 December 1999, in its resolution 54/120, the United Nations General Assembly endorsed the recommendation made by the World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth that 12 August be declared International Youth Day.The theme of International Youth Day 2015 was - Youth Civic Engagement.