Today Current Affairs 4th April 2017

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Phoenix India Research claimed to have launched the first bio-gas fuelled bus in Kolkata keeping a flat fare of just Rs. 1. All buses will have a flat fare of Rs. 1 irrespective of the distance, even in excess of 40 km. Presently, the lowest fare in a Kolkata bus is Rs. 6. The company has tied-up with Ashok Leyland to manufacture the 54-seater bus at a cost of Rs 13 lakh approximately. The first bus will run a distance of 17 km between Ultadanga and Garia in the southern fringes of the city and Phoenix India will run the bio-gas service from its Corporate Social Responsibility fund. The bio-gas bus can run up to 6 km on one kg.

Padma Vibhushan recipient classical singer Kishori Amonkar passed away at the age of 84 at her house in Mumbai. In her career spanning seven decades, she was revered as ‘Gaan-Saraswati’. The singer has been awarded the Padma Bhushan (1987) and the Padma Vibhushan (2002) for an exemplary career. She was also a recipient of the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1985 and the SNA Fellowship for 2009. In 1991, she was awarded the prestigious Dr TMA Pai Outstanding Konkani Award.

K Prithika Yashini, 26, scripted history when she took charge as sub-inspector in Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu. For, Yashini is the first transsexual to enter into uniform service in India. Born as a male, she had to leave her family, from Salem in Tamil Nadu, in 2011, as she was not able to cope up with the internal issues with respect to her sexual identity. She had gone through a gender change in 2011, and she has always been persistent in fighting for her rights and against the discrimination she faces.

The UK passport could turn dark blue again after Brexit under a £490m contract to redesign and produce a new version of the document. The passport is routinely redesigned every five years and Eurosceptics view the new contract as a way to ditch the EU burgundy cover in favour of a return to the colour of the past. The current contract expires in 2019, the year the UK is set to leave the European Union after Theresa May began the formal two-year withdrawal process. Colour of Passports around the world:- Passports around the world are either red, green or blue and black in colour. Blue: Countries whose passports are blue in colour are believed to belong to the so-called 'new-world' league of nations. These nations include India, North America, South America, Australia among others. Red: Considered to be the colour of the communist movement worldwide, red generally belongs to countries that have had a communist history or are still under its influence. China, Serbia, Latvia among others are examples. Green: Muslim nations like Saudi Arabia, Pakistan etc tend to opt for different hues of green--a colour Islam associates with Prophet Muhammad. Shades of green are also used by West African countries like Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, where the colour "indicates that they belong to ECOWAS (the Economic Community of West African States)" Black: Black is the rarest passport colour used. One of the prominent nations that have black passports is New Zealand that chooses to be in sync with its national colour. Other nations that also have black passport are African countries like Zambia, Angola etc.  

Tax evasion exceeding an amount of Rs 5 crore under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime will be a non-bailable offence with the police having the authority to arrest persons without a warrant. The earlier threshold for treating tax evasion as a cognizable and non-bailable offence was proposed to be at Rs 2.5 crore. The Central GST (CGST) Act provides that if the offences relating to taxable goods and/or services where the amount of tax evaded or the amount of input tax credit wrongly availed or the amount of refund wrongly taken exceeds Rs 5 crore, then they will be cognizable and non-bailable. The government has set a target date of July 1 for roll out of the GST, which will subsume central excise, service tax, VAT and other local levies. The GST is administered & governed by GST Council and its Chairman is Union Finance Minister of India Arun Jaitley.

The mobile app MP e-nagarpalika was launched by state Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan to provide various municipal services online. About the app MP e-nagarpalika:- Urban Development Commissioner Vivek Agrawal said 378 services of urban bodies would be available round the clock on this app. This app would offer 378 services like online payment of property tax, seeking building permission, birth/ marriage/ death certificates etc. It will also register complaints related to garbage, water, streetlights etc. Online payment gateway would be available on this app. This mobile app would encourage the cashless transaction. This mobile app is a part of Rs 225-crore ‘e-nagarpalika’ project, under which all municipal services would be made available online on a unified web platform.

FIFA has banned Brayan Jimenez, the former president of the Guatemala football federation for life. Brayan Jimenez, a former member of the FIFA Committee for Fair Play and Social Responsibility, last year pleaded guilty in a United States federal court to racketeering and wire fraud. He was extradited to the U.S. in connection with the larger FIFA corruption scandal. About FIFA:- Full Form :  Federation Internationale de Football Association President: Gianni Infantino Headquarters: Zurich, Switzerland Membership: 211 national associations Secretary General: Fatma Samoura

Research from web analytics company StatCounter found Android now accounts for a larger share of internet usage than Windows for the first time. During March 2017, Android users represented 37.93 percent of activity on StatCounter’s network versus 37.91 percent for the Microsoft Windows operating system. Apple's iOS remains the third most used operating system to access the internet. Statcounter CEO: Aodhan Cullen

As per NIRF rankings, Bengaluru's Indian Institute of Science has been once again named as the best higher education institute in the country. The Indian Institute of Technology-Madras has been ranked as the top engineering institute; deemed university Jamia Hamdard in Delhi is numero uno in pharmacy category, while Miranda House in the national capital has been ranked the best college in the country. The rankings were made under five heads -- overall, university, engineering, management and pharmacy. Launched in 2015, NIRF is a methodology adopted by the HRD Ministry to rank all institutions of higher education in India. OVERALL RANKINGS: 1. IISc, Bengaluru 2. IIT, Madras 3. IIT, Bombay 4. IIT, Kharagpur 5. IIT, Delhi 6. Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), Delhi 7. IIT, Kanpur 8. IIT, Guwahati 9. IIT Roorkee 10 IIT, Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi BEST MANAGEMENT INSTITUTES: 1. IIM, Ahmedabad 2. IIM, Bangalore 3. IIM, Calcutta 4. IIM, Lucknow 5. IIM, Kozhikode 6. IIT, Delhi 7. IIT Kharagpur 8. IIT, Roorkee 9. XLRI (Xavier School of Management), Jamshedpur 10.IIM, Indore  TOP UNIVERSITIES 1. IISc, Bangalore 2. JNU, New Delhi 3. BHU, Varanasi TOP COLLEGES 1. Miranda House, Delhi 2. Loyola College, Chennai 3. Shri Ram College of Commerce, Delhi TOP PHARMA INSTITUTIONS 1. Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 2. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali 3. University Institute Of Pharmaceutical Sciences The ranking is done on the basis of teaching, learning and resources, research and professional practices, graduation outcomes, outreach and inclusivity, and perception. Over 3,300 institutes participated in the second edition of the India Rankings. Present Union HRD Minister of India:- Prakash Javadekar

Delhi’s Connaught Place is the world’s 9th most expensive office location with annual prime rent of USD 105.71 per sq ft, says property consultant CBRE. Mumbai’s Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) is at 19th position while the central business district (CBD) of Nariman Point is at 30th place in the CBRE’s Global Prime Office Rents report. With annual prime rent of USD 264.27 per sq ft, Hong Kong (Central) is the world’s most expensive office Market. Beijing (Finance Street) and Hong Kong (Kowloon) are placed at 2nd and 3rd positions, respectively. About CBRE Group:- CBRE Group, Inc. is an American commercial real estate company with headquarters in Los Angeles, California. CEO: Robert E. Sulentic

About 2017 Miami Open:- The 32nd edition of Miami Open Tennis tournament 2017 (also known as the Miami Masters  2017) was recently held at Key Biscayne, Florida, United States, presented by Itau. 2017 Miami Open Winners List:- Men's Singles : Roger Federer (Switzerland) Women's Singles : Johanna Konta (United Kingdom) Men's Doubles : Łukasz Kubot (Poland) / Marcelo Melo (Brazil) Women's Doubles : Gabriela Dabrowski (Canada) / Xu Yifan (China)

Dawit Isaak, an imprisoned Eritrean-Swedish journalist, has been chosen to receive the 2017 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize. Mr. Isaak was arrested in a crackdown on the media that occurred in September 2001. The last time he was heard from was in 2005. His present location is unknown. Dawit Isaak, a playwright, journalist and writer, moved to Sweden in 1987, where he later became a citizen and went into self-imposed exile. After the independence of Eritrea, he returned to his homeland to become one of the founders and reporters of Setit, the first independent newspaper in the country. He was known for his critical and insightful reporting. The Prize will be awarded during the celebration of World Press Freedom Day, 3 May, hosted in Jakarta, Indonesia this year in the presence of the Director General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, and the President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo.

Benchmark indices NSE Nifty closed at 9237 levels, up by 64 points or 0.7%. BSE Sensex closed at 29,910 levels, up by 289 points or 0.3%. Reliance, ICICI, L&T and HDFC were the top contributors to the Nifty gains. Nifty50 index closed at its record close on April 3,  and the 30-share Sensex closed 90 points away from it 30,000 mark. While, BSE Mid-cap Index closed up 0.6% at 14189 whereas, BSE Small-cap Index closed up 1.2% at 14620. About Nifty:- The NIFTY 50 index is National Stock Exchange of India's benchmark stock market index for Indian equity market.  Nifty is owned and managed by India Index Services and Products (IISL) Foundation : 1995 Constituents : 51 About BSE Sensex:- The S&P BSE SENSEX (S&P Bombay Stock Exchange Sensitive Index), also-called the BSE 30 or simply the SENSEX, is a free-float market-weighted stock market index of 30 well-established and financially sound companies listed on Bombay Stock Exchange.

Mahendra Singh Dhoni was named the chief executive officer of Gulf Oil India for a day. The former India captain reached the company's headquarters in Andheri, Mumbai to assume his new role. Dhoni, who will for Rising Pune Supergiant in the IPL this year, has been a brand ambassador for the firm since 2011. About Gulf Oil India:- Founded: 2008 Parent organization: Gulf Oil International (Mauritius) Inc.

Rajiv Kumar Chander was appointed India’s ambassador and permanent representative to the United Nations Offices in Geneva, the Ministry of External Affairs announced. About Rajiv Kumar Chander:- Chander belongs to the Indian Foreign Services (IFS) batch of 1983. He is the Consul General of India in Vancouver at present, a post he has held since August 2015. He has degrees in History and Law. He was the deputy permanent representative with the Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations, Geneva, between 2006 and 2009. Chander served as India's Ambassador to Ukraine from July 2011 to July 2015. He will succeed Ajit Kumar at the Geneva office. Present Indian Union Minister of External Affairs:- Sushma Swaraj (since 26 May 2014)

Shri B.P. Kanungo (Bibhu Prasad Kanungo) of Odisha took over as the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. The Government of India, on March 11, 2017 has appointed him as the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, for a period of three years from the date of his taking over charge of the post on or after April 3, 2017. About B.P. Kanungo:- Shri Kanungo was Executive Director of the Reserve Bank before being elevated to the post of Deputy Governor. Shri Kanungo, a career central banker, joined the Reserve Bank of India in September 1982. He has worked in several functional areas of the banks. Born on May 5, 1959, Shri Kanungo holds a Master’s degree in humanities from Utkal University, besides holding a Bachelor’s degree in Law. Three other Deputy Governors of RBI are: S.S. Mundra, N. S. Vishwanathan and Viral V. Acharya. About RBI:-  Establishment:- The Reserve Bank of India was established on April 1, 1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The Central Office of the Reserve Bank was initially established in Calcutta but was permanently moved to Mumbai in 1937. Subsidiaries of RBI:- Fully owned: Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation of India(DICGC), Bharatiya Reserve Bank Note Mudran Private Limited(BRBNMPL), National Housing Bank(NHB) Present RBI Governor:- Dr. Urjit R. Patel