Current Affairs 28th April 2016 - Banking, SSC, UPSC Affairs

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Renowned sand artist Sudarsan Pattnaik has won gold medal in an international sand art championship in Russia. He made sand art -- "Mahatma Gandhi sculpture for non-violence and peace" -- in the contest. The week-long sand sculpture competition had started on April 21 at Kolomenskoye, Moscow.Twenty top sculptors from across the world displayed their sculptures.  He has participated in more than 50 international sand sculpture championships across the world and won many awards for the country. He has also got the fourth highest civilian award Padma Shri in 2014. Pattnaik runs a sand art school at Puri beach in Odisha. Pattnaik  : Pattnaik was born in Puri, Odisha in India. He was the youngest of three brothers in his family. His childhood was full of hardships. Pattnaik taught himself the art of sand sculpture.He was the brand ambassador of NALCO, India.He established "The Golden Sand Art Institute" which is first of its nature in India. He won 1st prize (gold medal) at Saint Peters Burg in 12th International sand sculpture competition at Russia. Denmark and won Moscow museum prize at Russia. In 2011 he won 1st prize and public prize at Denmark and also won double medal at Solo International sand art contest in Mervala 2012.His sand sculpture on Black Taj Mahal earned him accolades all over the world.

The Reserve Bank of India for the first time proposed rules for peer-to-peer lending, seeking to regulate a growing sector with potential measures including requiring minimum capital of Rs 2 crore ($301,023.48) or prohibiting them from promising "extraordinary returns." The RBI also proposed on Thursday (28 April) that only those defined as companies engage in peer-to-peer lending and said it may categorise firms in the growing sector as non-banking financial companies. Peer-to-peer lending has been growing globally, including in India, where only a limited segment of the population has access to bank finance.The central bank sought feedback to its proposals from the public by May 31. Peer-to-peer lending : Peer-to-peer lending, sometimes abbreviated P2P lending, is the practice oflending money to individuals or businesses through online services that match lenders directly with borrowers. Since the peer-to-peer lending companies offering these services operate entirely online, they can run with loweroverhead and provide the service more cheaply than traditional financial institutions. As a result, lenders often earn higher returns compared to savings and investment products offered by banks, while borrowers can borrow money at lower interest rates, even after the P2P lending company has taken a fee for providing the match-making platform and credit checking the borrower.Also known as crowdlending, many peer-to-peer loans are unsecuredpersonal loans, though some of the largest amounts are lent to businesses. Secured loans are sometimes offered by using luxury assets such as jewelry, watches, vintage cars, fine art, buildings, aircraft and other business assets as collateral. They are made to an individual, company or charity. Other forms of peer-to-peer lending include student loans, commercial and real estate loans, payday loans, as well as secured business loans, leasing and factoring.

A 300-year-old gurdwara in Peshawar’s crowded Old City opened its doors to worshippers for the first time in 73 years. The reopening was celebrated by Pakistan's tiny Sikh minority but security is a constant concern. On 22nd April Sardar Suran Singh a Sikh leader and provincial lawmaker was shot and killed outside his home in a remote area in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province, some 140 kilometers from Peshawar. The murder of Sardar Sooran Singh devastated the Sikh community and heightened their fears of militant attacks.The event has also added to human rights activists over rising violence against religious minorities in Pakistan.  

The Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) Ministry will invest Rs 33,000 crores for development of the north-eastern states during the present fiscal. DoNER secretary Naveen Verma, who disclosed the information in this regard, stated that skill development for the youth of the north-eastern region is the ministry's highest priority. The ministry has given special emphasis on skill development of youth of north-eastern region and for which Rs 170 crores will be invested, the DoNER Minister has increased its budget by fivefold from Rs 11 crores  to Rs 55 crores in the present fiscal in skill development sector. The ministry is opening a new scheme under the banner of 'Venture Fund' and 'Start Up Centre' under North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Limited for those youth who have innovative business ideas.  

The Union Cabinet on 27 April 2016 approved to enhance investment by Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) in Bharat Oman Refineries Limited (BORL).Now, the investment amount can be enhanced upto a maximum of 3000 crore rupees by way of subscription of convertible warrants giving right to convert it into equity shares to be issued by BORL.  The infusion of funds by the BPCLs will enable BORL to overcome the implications on account of the erosion of the net worth. Besides, it will enhance the availability of petroleum products in the Northern and Central parts of the country, will help in industrial development of Madhya Pradesh and substantial increase in employment and tax earnings in the State. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) is a public sector undertaking under the Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.  Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)  : BPCL holds a joint venture company with Oman Oil Company Limited (OOCL) named Bharat Oman Refineries Limited (BORL). The BORL commissioned the 6 MMTPA (120 Thousand Barrels Per Day) Refinery at Bina in Madhya Pradesh in June 2011 at a project cost of about 12754 crore rupees.Currently, the refinery is operating at 100 percent of its installed capacity. The company now proposes to undertake a debottlenecking project at the refinery to further increase the refining capacity from 6 MMTPA to 7.8 MMTPA.Hence, there is a need for immediate infusion of funds in BORL by the shareholders. Therefore, BPCL Board has decided to infuse funds to the tune of 3000 Crore rupees.

Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) on 27 April 2016 announced appointment of Sanath Jayasuriya as chief selector of the Sri Lankan Cricket team.Jayasuriya is back as the chief selector for the team, after a year when he stepped down from the role. Earlier, he served as the chief selector from January 2013 to March 2015.Jayasuriya-led committee will succeed the Aravinda de Silva led committee. The new four member selection panel will take office on 1 May 2016 and will serve for two years and will comprise of former wicketkeeper-batsman Romesh Kaluwitharana, former fast bowler Eric Upashantha and former off spinner Ranjith Madurasinghe. During Jayasuriya’s previous tenure, Sri Lanka won a World T20 and a Test series in England, both in 2014, before exiting the 2015 World Cup in the quarter-finals.It was Jayasuriya's committee that formalised Angelo Mathews' ascension to the Test and ODI captaincy. However, the period was also beset by public disagreements between Jayasuriya and senior players, who have now retired.  

China on 27 April 2016 successfully launched the Kunpeng-1B sounding rocket from a launch pad in Danzhou City in the southern Chinese Hainan Province. The rocket reached a maximum height of 316 kilometres (196 miles), with the total flight time coming to 10 minutes.The head of the rocket was equipped with a new altitude control system. New materials of flexible carbon fibre were also used in the rocket to enable easier flight. This is the first time Kunpeng 1B’s arrow configuration of altitude control system and carbon fibre stretching rod has been used on a sounding rocket in China. It makes the detector more flexible and lightweight.This sounding rocket is expected to fulfil its mission of taking measurements in the upper atmosphere that will help with research of rocket sounding, high-speed flight and space tourism.The rocket’s falling ball experiment detection for further study of low latitudes in the ionosphere and in the upper atmosphere has important scientific significance.  Sounding rockets : A sounding rocket, sometimes called a research rocket, is an instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform scientific experiments during its sub-orbital flight. Sounding rockets are advantageous for the research because of their low cost, short lead time and their ability to conduct research in areas inaccessible to either balloons or satellites. They are also used as test beds for equipment that will be used in more expensive and risky orbital spaceflight missions.

NITI Aayog  ( National Institution for Transforming India Aayog) chaired by Vice Chairman Dr Arvind Panagariya launched the Urban Management Programme on 27 April 2016 in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.The state participation was at the level of Secretaries of Urban Development, Municipal Commissioners and other senior officials of State Government and parastatal bodies. About 150 participants were present in the event. Urban Management Programme : The Programme is designed by NITI Aayog, Temasek Foundation and Singapore Cooperation Enterprise (SCE) under the platform of the Memorandum of Understanding signed between NITI Aayog and the Singapore Cooperation Enterprise (SCE).It was to tap the expertise of Singapore in urban sector to build capacities in State Governments and ULBs to design efficient solutions to urban problems.As a part of NITI Aayog’s mandate to promote cooperative federalism, NITI is reaching out to the States to resolve their issues pending with different Ministries. It is emphasized on improving governance particularly of the census towns whose number has significantly increased between census 2001 and 2011.The vision of urban transformation is achieved successfully only with the well built municipal cadre and provide stability of tenure to officials in municipalities.  

The book titled Blood on my Hands: Confessions of Staged Encounter authored by Kishlay Bhattacharjee was in news in the last week of April 2016. The book came into news as Biju Janata Dal leader Tathagata Satpathy on 26 April 2016 demanded revocation of the controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in the north-eastern region. He stated that the book, which is on India’s north-eastern region, serves as an eye-opener. The book contains the author’s conversations with an anonymous army officer. It  narrates the staged encounters in India's northeast and explains how awards and citations are linked to a body count.The book mentions that the officers need a definite number of points to get a citation and earn their ranks and awards. Under this pressure, the army units bid to purchase a person to be killed from the mafia.Blood on my Hands also contains an essay by Bhattacharjee and a postscript that analyses the hidden policy of extra-judicial killings and how it threatens India's democracy.  

Manipur Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh has declared that the National Food Security Act has been implemented the state. The CM also appealed the people to extend cooperation to the state government regarding successful implementation of the National Food Security Act in Manipur. The Act would lay stress on those possessing Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) cards. As per the Act, 11,796 metric tonnes of rice for April was released and one kg of rice would be made available at Rs three per kg to the beneficiaries.AAY card holders can avail 35 kg of rice per a month. The scheme would cover 87 per cent of the population. The National Food Security Act, 2013 (also Right to Food Act) is an Act of the Parliament of India which aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two-thirds of India's 1.2 billion people. It was signed into law on 12 September 2013, retroactive to 5 July 2013.  

The Singapore's largest bank, DBS has unveiled the 'mobile only bank’ in India. The ‘digibank’ uses technologies, such as bio metrics and artificial intelligence, to enable paperless, signature less and branch less bank. This is the India's 1st mobile only bank which targeting 5 million retail customers. The bank will leverage bio metrics-enabled ID and Aadhaar card to ensure that that there is no paperwork. It will provide customer service via a 24*7 artificial intelligence-driven virtual assistant, which understands natural language and has learning ability, so that it is able to respond in real-time.  Account-holders will have no minimum balance requirements and will also provide a physical debit card which can be used across all Visa-enabled online and point-of-sale transactions as well as in overseas.Higher than the five per cent it was offering till now, and free cash withdrawal across all ATMs. DBS Bank : DBS Bank Ltd is a Singaporean multinational banking and financial services company. The company was known as The Development Bank of Singapore Limited, before the present name was adopted in July 2003 to reflect its changing role as a regional bank.The bank was set up by the Government of Singapore in June 1968 to take over the industrial financing activities from the Economic Development Board. DBS Bank is the largest bank in South East Asia by assets and among the larger banks in Asia. It has market-dominant positions in consumer banking, treasury and markets, asset management, securities brokerage, equity and debt fund-raising in Singapore and Hong Kong. The bank's strong capital position, as well as "AA-" and "Aa1" credit ratings that are among the highest in the Asia-Pacific region, earned it Global Finance's "Safest Bank in Asia" accolade for six consecutive years, from 2009 to 2014.

New Zealand’s five-dollar note has been named the banknote of the year for 2015 by the International Bank Note Society. The note incorporates some of the world’s most advanced security features and beautifully showcasing  New Zealand’s history, culture, and heritage. The $5 note has won form the 40 eligible designs from a record 20 countries. New Zealand’s five-dollar note : The $5 note has featured mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary and on the other side, a rare yellow-eyed penguin and local flora. To be eligible, a banknote must have been issued for the first time during the year of the award and be in general circulation. It is assessed for its “artistic merit or innovative security features”, including use of color, contrast and balance. Almost 150 new banknotes were released last year, with “over three dozen” of sufficiently new design to be eligible for nomination. Other Winner : Scotland’s Clydesdale Bank five-pound note, Sweden’s 20 kronor note, Russia’s 100 rouble note, and Kazakhstan’s 20,000 tenge note were named as runners-up.

Harry Wu, campaigner for human rights in China, passed away on 26 April 2016 in Honduras. He was 79.Wu, the son of a wealthy Roman Catholic family from Shanghai, was arrested in 1960 when he was only 23 years old. He was given a life sentence in a forced labour prison camp after he criticised the Soviet Union, then an ally of China. Harry Wu : Wu studied at the Geology Institute in Beijing where he earned a degree. In 1956, the Communist Party began a campaign encouraging citizens, particularly students and intellectuals, to express their true views of the Party and the state of society. The movement was known as the Hundred Flowers Campaign.Wu eventually voiced some sentiments, by disagreeing with the Soviet's armed crackdown of Hungary, and the practice of labelling people into different categories.By the Fall of 1956, 19-year-old Wu was subsequently singled out at his university.For the next few years, he was continuously criticized in Party meetings and closely monitored until his arrest in 1960. He was charged with being a counterrevolutionary rightist, and was sent to the laogai (China’s system of forced-labour prison camps).He was released from his life sentence in 1979 at the age of 42, as a result of political changes following the death of Mao Zedong.He left China for the United States in 1985, after having received a chance invitation from the University of California at Berkeley to be a visiting scholar.In November 2008, he opened the Laogai Museum in Washington, D.C., calling it the first ever United States museum to directly address human rights in China.

Two-time Olympic 400-meter hurdles gold medalist champion Felix Sanchez announced his retirement on 26 April 2016. The announcement means that the 38-year-old will not defend his title at the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.Sanchez made the announcement in a video press conference in the Dominican Republic. Sanchez who made his first Olympic team in 2000 won his first gold in the 400-meter hurdles at the 2004 Olympics in Athens and second at the 2012 Summer Games in London. He also owns two gold medals from the 2001 and 2003 world championships.His personal best of 47.25 puts him as the eighth best of all-time. Between 2001 and 2004, he won 43 consecutive races and has run 48 races under 48.50. The hurdler, known as Super Sanchez, made his final global championship appearance with a fifth place finish at the 2013 IAAF World Championships in Moscow. His final race was a fifth place finish at the NACAC Championships in 2015.Sanchez born in the United States to the Dominican parents competes in Olympics for the Dominican Republic.

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on 28 April 2016 launched India’s seventh navigation satellite of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS 1G) into a Sub-Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (Sub-GTO) on-board PSLV-C33.The satellite was launched from the First Launch Pad (FLP) of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, which is situated 90 kms from Chennai. With this launch, India successfully joined the elite group of countries that have their own navigation system technology to cater to the mammoth navigational needs.As in the previous six launches of IRNSS satellites, PSLV-C33 used ‘XL’ version of PSLV equipped with six strap-ons, each carrying 12 tons of propellant. IRNSS-1G IRNSS-1G is the seventh navigation satellite of the seven satellites constituting the IRNSS space segment. Its predecessors, IRNSS-1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E and 1F were launched by PSLV-C22, PSLV-C24, PSLV-C26, PSLV-C27, PSLV-C31 and PSLV-C32 in July 2013, April 2014, October 2014, March 2015, January 2016 and March 2016 respectively. Like all other IRNSS satellites, IRNSS-1G also has a lift-off mass of 1425 kg. The configuration of IRNSS-1G too is the same as IRNSS-1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E and 1F. Payloads The satellite with a design life span of 12 years has two payloads for navigation and ranging. Navigation payload – It will transmit navigation service signals to the users. This payload will be operating in L5-band and S-band. A highly accurate Rubidium atomic clock is part of the navigation payload of the satellite. Ranging payload – It consists of a C-band transponder which facilitates accurate determination of the range of the satellite. Features of IRNSS It consists of seven satellites to provide real-time data on the position of objects to aid road, air and maritime traffic apart from providing mapping and tracking services. It is an independent regional navigation satellite system designed to provide position information in the Indian region and 1500 km around the Indian mainland. It would provide two types of services, namely, Standard Positioning Services (SPS), which will be provided to all users, and Restricted Services (RS) that will be provided to authorised users only. Out of the seven satellites of the system, three are geostationary and four are non-geostationary. By using the IRNSS as a platform, the Government of India is planning to launch its own Global Navigational Satellite Services, GINS (Global Indian Navigation Satellite) system. It is similar to the Global Positioning System (GPS) of the USA. While many countries in the world have more than 20 satellites in serving the navigational purpose Indian scientists can boast of by achieving the goal by launching the seventh satellite which in a way completes the constellation which was earlier planned. This constellation will help ISRO to take help from the civilian needs to security or defence needs.  

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 27 April 2016 approved to bring sugar under the purview of imposing stock holding limits on dealers of sugar by the state governments. It was to check the price rise in sugar.The Government identified that despite having sufficient sugar stocks with the Sugar Mills, the wholesale and retail prices have shown a rise. Government felt an immediate need to bring sugar within the purview of stock limits in order to check the inflationary tendencies in sugar and to reduce hoarding by wholesalers and retailers.The Government has taken stock of the availability of sugar and different factors contributing to rise in market prices of sugar across the country and decided to allow states to put stock holding limits on sugar The decision empowered State and Central agencies to impose stock limits and regulate supply, distribution, storage and trade of sugar to bring down sugar prices at reasonable level by curbing unscrupulous trading.

The Union Cabinet has given its approval to Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Papua New Guinea on cooperation in the field of Healthcare and Medical Science. Decision in this regard was taken by Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi. The bilateral MoU will encourage cooperation between the Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of India and Ministry of Health and HIV/AIDS of the Papua New Guinea. Under it, joint initiatives in the health sector will be established which will strengthen bilateral ties between India and Papua New Guinea.  

The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) and the Insurance Authority of United Arab Emirates. Decision in this regard was taken by the Union Cabinet meeting chaired by the Prime Minister  Narendra Modi in New Delhi. The MoU was signed in February, 2016. MoU provides for :  Enhanced cooperation between the two authorities in the field of insurance supervision. It will provide a framework for co-operation such as channels of communication. Increase mutual understanding through the exchange of regulatory and relevant supervisory information. It will also include confidential information to enforce or ensure compliance with their respective laws and regulations.  

India’s Deepika Kumari has equalled the world record in Women’s Recurve event at the qualifying stage of Archery World Cup held in Shanghai, China. Deepika recorded a score of 686 out of 720 to finish 1st in qualifiers and equal the world. With this she equalled the record set by South Korea’s Ki Boe Bae at the World University Games in Gwangju in 2015. Deepika has already qualified for the 2016 Rio Olympics scheduled to be held in August 2016 with her performance at the Copenhagen World Championships in 2015. In the previous editions of the World Cup, Deepika had won silver medals consecutively in 2011, 2012 and 2013 in the women’s individual events.  

The Maharashtra government on 27 April 2016 decided to increase the punishment for chain snatching up to 5 years of rigorous imprisonment along with a fine of 25000 rupees. The state Cabinet cleared the amendments to relevant sections of Indian Penal Code sections 379, 397-A (1)(2) and section 379-B along with the CrPC Act-1973, thus increasing the punishment up to five years rigorous imprisonment and 25000 rupees fine, in case of grievous injury to the victim.The new additional section of 379-A(1) will define chain snatching as a crime and the convict will be sentenced under section 379-A(2), which provides minimum of 2 years and maximum of 5 years rigorous imprisonment. While, the IPC section 379-B will award rigorous imprisonment of minimum three years and maximum five years and of 25000 rupees, in case of causing grievous injury to the victim or snatching the chain by issuing threat with a weapon.In a statement, the state government noted that there has been a rise in incidents of chain snatching with a view to earn easy money. The statement also said that the hearing of such cases will be conducted in the court of First Class Judicial Magistrate.

A recent report released by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has revealed that Mumbai is the noisiest City of India, followed by Lucknow and Hyderabad. According to the report, Mumbai reported the maximum violation of safe noise levels for consistently longer periods during 2011-14.Delhi reported to be at number 4, credit goes to the higher green cover and road side plantations.Dilshad Garden, DCE and NSIT monitoring stations in Delhi showed the average noise level within the prescribed limits of 55 dB. According to CPCB, though the most common source of noise pollution is motor vehicles, the other sources like generator sets, office machines, aircraft, industrial and construction activities too substantially contribute to increasing the noise level in the cities. Noisiest City and  Not Noisiest of India :  Mumbai -MPCB Headquarters - Thane Lucknow - Hazratganj - Indira Nagar Hyderabad- Punjagutta- Zoo Area Delhi - ITO- Dilshad Garden and DCE Chennai -Guindy - Eye Hospital Kolkata - Gole  Park - Patauli Bengalaru - BTM - Nisarga Bhavan

Uttar Pradesh-based journalist Jagendra Singh, who was killed allegedly for his exposes on illegal sand mining and other misdemeanours, was today honoured posthumously with "RedInk Veer Patrakar Puraskar" by Mumbai Press Club . Singh used to run a Facebook page, Shahjahanpur Samachar, wherein he exposed the "corrupt" practices of an Uttar Pradesh minister. One of the issues taken up was illegal sand mining. He was allegedly set on fire on June 1 last year by some local policemen and criminals for the expose. Singh had worked for Hindi language media for 15 years. The UP government has claimed that the journalist had set himself on fire. A writ petition was filed by journalist Mudit Mathur from Lucknow, which is pending before the Supreme Court. Besides Singh, 25 other journalists were awarded for their commendable work at the function.  Others Winners : T N Ninan, Chairman and Editorial Director of Business Standard, was bestowed upon the Lifetime Achievement award while NDTV India's senior Executive Editor Ravish Kumar got the 'journalist of the year' award. .The others winners included Gunjan Sharma (The Week), Pallava Bagla (NDTV), Aniruddha Ghosal (Indian Express) and Meher Ali (The Wire).  The Mumbai Press Club for the first time had included the 'start-up of the year' category. The award was won by the wire.In. Maharashtra Governor Ch Vidyasagar Rao was the chief guest on the occasion while Union minister Piyush Goyal the guest of honour. A number of journalists and personalities from various fields attended the event.

Kerala cartoonist V T Thomas, popularly known as Toms, passed away on 27 April 2016 following a brief illness at in Kottayam, Kerela. He was 86. He is survived by his wife Thresyakutty and children Boban, Molly, Rani, Peter, Bose, Princy.Toms created the legendary cartoon characters Boban and Molly (Bobanum Moliyum). V T Thomas : He was born in 1929 in Kuttanad in Alappuzha district and initially served the British Army. After serving with the British Army, he turned into the world of cartoons.Initially Boban and Molly characters appeared in a cartoon column Sathyadeepam weekly in 1950. Later on these characters became part of Malayala Manorama weekly in 1957. He resigned from Malayala Manorama in 1987 and began his own publication. Apart from Bobanum Moliyum, the characters which weaved magic in Toms' creative world were the of the kids lawyer Pothen, the flirty Appy Hippy, the nincompoop panchayat president Ittunnan (chettan) and so on. Story of Boban and Molly : The famous characters Toms created, Boban and Molly, were the children of his neighbour. He visualised the characters based on these two persons.The whole story of Boban and Molly was held in an imaginary village called Kizhakkamthookku. He described the issues faced by the middle class and the day to day political developments through his cartoon column.Toms also named his son and daughter as Boban and Molly.

Jammu and Kashmir government on 27 April 2016 approved five percent interest subvention to flood-hit traders with effect from 1 April 2016. The decision will bring a major relief to September 2014 flood hit traders and business units.The interest subsidy will have a cap of five lakh rupees per unit for a period of four years, that is, up to 31 December 2020.  The decision was taken at a Cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti in Jammu.To ensure proper implementation of the interest subvention assistance scheme, the Cabinet also ordered constitution of a high-level Coordination Committee. The panel will be headed by Chief Secretary and comprising representatives of Relief Rehabilitation department, Finance department, and Planning and Development department. Besides, the Cabinet also sanctioned the second tranche of assistance proposed to be given to small traders and business establishments who have been given start-up incentive with turnover up to 10 lakh rupees.

28 April: World Day for Safety and Health at Work : The 2016 World Day for Safety and Health at Work was observed across the world on 28 April 2016 with the theme Workplace Stress: a collective challenge.The International Labour Organisation (ILO) celebrates World Day for Safety and Health to raise awareness of safety in the workplace. Occurring annually since 2003, each year it focuses on a specific area and bases a campaign around the theme.The day 28 April has also long been associated with the world's trade union movement's commemoration of the victims of occupational accidents and diseases. World Day for Safety and Health at Work : The annual World Day for Safety and Health at Work on 28 April promotes the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally.It is an awareness-raising campaign intended to focus international attention on the magnitude of the problem and on how promoting and creating a safety and health culture can help reduce the number of work-related deaths and injuries.The 28 April is also the International Commemoration Day for Dead and Injured Workers organized worldwide by the trade union movement since 1996. Its purpose is to honour the memory of victims of occupational accidents and diseases by organizing global awareness campaigns on this date. In 2003, the ILO became involved in the April 28 campaign upon request from the trade union movement. Therefore, since 2003, the ILO observes the World Day on Safety and Health at Work on April 28 capitalizing on its traditional strengths of tripartism and social dialogue.

A massive fire destroyed the National Museum of Natural History located in New Delhi on 26 April 2016 . The cause of fire is still unknown though the fire spread because of museum specimens and the wood work holding them.The building was relatively empty because of an ongoing renovation, and was evacuated shortly before first responders arrived. However, many of the museum’s exhibits have suffered irreparable damage.The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change is still in the process of assessing fire damage. Destroyed in fire : The fire could potentially have destroyed several fossils, including a 160-million-year-old dinosaur skeleton.A collection of bird eggs.Several stuffed animals, preserved butterflies, amphibian and reptile specimens. National Museum of Natural History : The National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) in New Delhi was one of two museums focusing on nature in India. It was established in 1972 as part of the celebration of the 25th year of India's independence. It was opened in 1978.The museum functioned under the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Government of India.The museum had extensive collection of films on wildlife, ecology, conservation and the environment in general and rare exhibits like herpetological specimen, dinosaurs and mounted animals. It also had galleries on origin and evolution of life, conservation of nature, the food chain and overall flora and fauna.

Supreme Court appointed senior advocate Gopal Subramanium as ‘amicus curiae’ and requested his assistance to explore how the recommendations of the Justice RM Lodha committee could be implemented on 25 April 2016.  The recommendations pertain to large-scale structural reforms that the BCCI has been resisting. Further, he will examine the main matter in which the state associations argued that the implementation of several recommendations of the RMLodha committee would violate their fundamental right under Article 19 (i)(c) of the Indian Constitution to form an association.He will also assist the court in establishing the legal validity of certain recommendations of the Lodha committee, if the same were to be implemented by the court on the BCCI.On examining the report, he may also suggest modifications to the committee's recommendations if he feels the implementation of the same would be unconstitutional. The amicus curiae's findings are not bindable to the court but are taken seriously as the court itself asked for the assistance.Subramanium is a high-profile and widely respected senior advocate who also served as the solicitor general of India from 2009 to 2011.

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