Current Affairs 22nd April 2016 - Banking, SSC, UPSC Affairs

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The Union government has pledged to provide Rs. 800 crore under AMRUT scheme to rejuvenate lakes especially the Bellandur Lake the largest and most polluted water body in . Bengaluru which was once known for its interconnected lake systems which provided a reliable source of water has seen major issues with the lakes in past few years. Sewage treatement plant : If the allotted funds, Rs. 500 crore is for laying down a 74-km trunk sewage pipeline, and Rs. 162 crore is to set up four sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Bellandur lake. The remaining is for the Urban Development Ministry for local water conservation activities.Detergents were touted to be the primary reason for the frothing in the 927-acre Bellandur lake. Phosphates form a major component in household detergents, and they make their way into the lake through the estimated 480 million litres of sewage that flows into Bellandur and Vathur lakes.Of this, 250 mld (million litres per day) of sewage is untreated, while another 230 mld is let into the lake after treatment. They do not disintegrate, and percolate in the water and make their way downstream with the water used in agriculture.

Veteran Movie director Guy Hamilton, who directed four hugely popular James Bond films, passed away on 20 April 2016 in a hospital on the Spanish island of Mallorca. He was 93.He was popularly known for raising the profile of the Bond movie brand through his work with actors Sean Connery and Roger Moore. Guy Hamilton : He was born in Paris in September 1922 and worked for the Paramount News newsreel company in England during World War II before serving in the Navy. He got his big break in 1948 when legendary British director Carol Reed hired him as first assistant director for The Fallen Idol, a thriller told from the perspective of a 9-year-old boy.  In 1950, Hamilton went on to direct several movies and landed up for directing the Goldfinger. He directed four iconic Bond movies including Goldfinger in 1964, Diamonds are Forever in 1971, Live and Let Die in 1973 and The Man with the Golden Gun in 1974.

Time Magazine on 21 April 2016 released a list of 100 Most Influential People in the World.RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan, tennis player Sania Mirza, actress Priyanka Chopra, Google CEO Sundar Pichai and founders of Flipkart, Binny Bansal andSachin Bansal have been named by Time magazine in its list.The TIME 100 is not a ranking, but a combination of public figures from various different fields. The list includes the public figures who have had some kind of significant impact on the world. The most notable pioneers on the list are: Aziz Ansari : He is an American actor and comedian widely known for his roles as Tom Haverford on the NBC series Parks and Recreation and as Dev Shah on the Netflix series Master of None.  Caitlyn Jenner : Formerly known as Bruce Jenner, Caitlyn is an American television personality and retired Olympic gold medal-winning decathlete. She revealed her identity as a trans woman in April 2015 and publicly announced her name change from Bruce to Caitlyn in a July 2015 Vanity Fair cover story. Sunita Narain : She is an Indian environmentalist and political activist as well as a major proponent of the Green concept of sustainable development. The most notable titans on the list are: Tim Cook : He is an American business executive and the Chief Executive Officer of Apple Inc. Binny Bansal and Sachin Bansal : They started Flipkart in 2007 as an online bookstore. Pope Francis : He is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, a title he holds ex officio as Bishop of Rome, and Sovereign of the Vatican City. Sundar Pichai : He is an Indian American business executive. He is currently the Chief Executive Officer of Google Inc.  Priscilla Chan and Mark Zuckerberg : Chan is a pediatrician and Zuckerberg is the founder and CEO of Facebook. Through their Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, they have led efforts to improve education, cure disease, and build stronger and more connected communities. The most notable artists on the list are: Kendrick Lamar : He is an American rapper from Compton, California. Ariana Grande : She is an American singer and actress. She began her career in the Broadway musical 13. Charlize Theron : She is a South African and American actress, producer and fashion model. Priyanka Chopra : She is an Indian actress, singer, producer and philanthropist, and the winner of the Miss World pageant of 2000. The most notable leaders on the list are: Kim Jong-un : He is the supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, commonly referred to as North Korea. Lori J. Robinson : She is a United States Air Force general who is Commander of Pacific Air Forces, Air Component Commander for United States Pacific Command, and Executive Director, Pacific Air Combat Operations Staff, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii. Raghuram Rajan : He is currently serving as the 23rd Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, the central bank of India. Hillary Clinton : She is an American politician. She is a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election. Justin Trudeau : He is a Canadian politician who is the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada, and the leader of the Liberal Party. Barack Obama : He is an American politician serving as the 44th President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Donald Trump :  He is an American businessman, politician, television personality, author, and candidate for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election. The most notable icons on the list are:  Nicki Minaj : She is a Trinidadian-born American rapper, singer and songwriter. Sania Mirza : She is an Indian professional tennis player who is currently ranked No. 1 in the women's doubles rankings. Adele : She is an English singer and songwriter. Leonardo DiCaprio : He is an American actor and film producer.

The U.S. Treasury Department announced on 20 April 2016 that the image of an American abolitionist and anti-slavery activist Harriet Tubman will appear on a new series of US $20 bills.With this, Tubman will become the first African-American and the first woman in more than a century to appear on U.S. paper currency.Tubman will replace Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States, to appear as the portrait gracing the US $20 bill. Harriet Tubman :  Harriet Tubman was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the United States Army during the American Civil War. She was born as a slave in Dorchester County, Maryland. She was beaten and whipped by her various masters as a child. In 1849, she escaped to Philadelphia, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family.She made some thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved families and friends. She used the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad to rescue the families.She also helped abolitionist John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry.When the Civil War began, she worked for the Union Army, first as a cook and nurse, and then as an armed scout and spy.The first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war, she guided the raid at Combahee Ferry, which liberated more than 700 slaves.She died on 10 March 1913.

Former WWE women’s champion and reality TV star Chyna, real name Joanie Laurer, has died at the age of 45. Chyna : Chyna (born Joan Marie Laurer; December 27, 1970 – April 20, 2016) was an American professional wrestler, actress, glamour model, bodybuilder andpornographic film actress.Laurer first rose to prominence in the professional wrestling promotion the World Wrestling Federation in 1997, where she performed under the ring name Chyna and was billed as the "Ninth Wonder of the World" (André the Giant was already billed as the eighth). A founding member of the stable D-Generation X, she held the WWF Intercontinental Championship (the only female performer to do so) twice and the WWF Women's Championship once. She was also the first woman to participate in the Royal Rumble and King of the Ring events, as well as to become number one contender to the WWF Championship. She also won a 2006 AVN Award for Best-Selling Title.  

The month-long Simhastha Kumbh Mela, largest congregation of Hindus, begans in Ujjain from 22 april. Large number of people have converged in the holy city for the mela, held after a gap of every 12 years at Ujjain, which is also the abode of Lord Mahakaleshwar, one of the 12 Jyotirlings in the country. Over 5 crore pilgrims are expected to visit Ujjain and other holy places during the fair, for which huge security and logistical arrangements have been made. At present, 22,000 security personnel, including the State policemen, personnel from central forces and other departments have been deployed. Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv : Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv is one of the four “Kumbh Melas” celebrated as largest spiritual gathering on the planet earth. Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv is rejoiced by taking holy dip on the banks of river Kshipra in Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh State in India. Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv event is based on the celestial line-up of planets and the signs of the Zodiac which occurs in every 12 years.

Financial services group Centrum Capital is looking to scale up institutional and retail business, including housing finance and small & medium enterprise lending under its new executive chairman, Jaspal Bindra. It is looking to grow SME book to Rs 5,000 crore in five years.Jaspal Bindra, former Asia Pacific chief executive at Standard Chartered Bank, came on board on April 22,2016. K Sandeep Nayak, executive director and & chief executive , said the group was finalising a three-five year business plan. This would require growth capital. The span of activities Centrum group is active in, includes investment banking – equity & debt, wealth management, institutional broking and foreign exchange. On the institutional business side, group would expand investment banking activity.

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) on 21 April 2016 suspended the accreditation of the National Anti-Doping Laboratory of Beijing. It prohibits the Chinese laboratory from carrying out any WADA-related anti-doping activities including all analyses of urine and blood samples.The suspension was for up to four months with immediate effect, although the laboratory has 21 days to appeal the decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.During the suspension period, samples are required to be transported securely to another WADA-accredited laboratory.WADA suspended the accreditation of the laboratory as it does not meet International Standard for Laboratories requirements. On 16 April 2016, WADA revoked the accreditation of the Moscow Antidoping Center, which was suspended on 10 November 2015 after an independent investigation found that laboratory director Grigori Rodchenkov had ordered nearly 1500 samples to be destroyed.Rodchenkov quickly resigned amid the doping scandal that led to banning of Russian athletes from international competition by the International Association of Athletics Federations. This ban could sideline the Russian track and field stars from the Rio Olympics in August 2016.  

The International Yoga Day event this year will be held in Chandigarh on June 21 as the government plans to make it bigger than the maiden show on Rajpath last year, Ayush Minister Shripad Yesso Naik said.The inauguration of a three-day International Yoga Festival in the run up to the second International Yoga Day (IYD). States like Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan were approached by the Ayush Ministry for organising the event. Chandigarh was the first one to respond. IYD will be held in different states every year  Last year PM Modi led about 35,000 people, including a large number of dignitaries from 84 countries, who performed 21 yoga Asanas for 35 minutes at Rajpath in New Delhi.International Yoga Festival has been organised to portray different activities being planned and to be conducted by different yoga organisations, ministries, government departments and other organisations.  It is an effort to give a new dimension to the celebration of 2nd International Day of Yoga to be celebrated on 21 June .International Yoga Day is celebrated annually on June 21 and was declared to be internationally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) on December 11, 2014.

Saurabh Agarwal, Managing Director, Regional Head of Corporate Finance, South Asia, Standard Chartered Bank will be joining Aditya Birla Group as their chief strategy officer.  Kumar Mangalam Birla is an Indian industrialist and the Chairman of the Aditya Birla Group group will also see other changes. Dev Bhattacharya, executive president for the conglomerate will look after the new ventures like Solar and E commerce at Aditya Birla Group. He is expected to take the fledgling ventures into the next level. Bhattacharya will also look into 'Biz Labs', the group's latest attempt to incubate startups. Aditya Birla Group  : The Aditya Birla Group is an Indian multinational conglomerate named after Aditya Vikram Birla, headquartered in the Aditya Birla Centre in Worli, Mumbai, India. It operates in 40 countries with more than 120,000 employees worldwide. The group was founded by Seth Shiv Narayan Birla in 1857. The group interests in sectors such as viscose staple fibre, metals, cement (largest in India), viscose filament yarn, branded apparel, carbon black, chemicals, fertilisers, insulators, financial services, telecom (third largest in India), BPO and IT services.  

India's largest IT services firm TCS has been recognised as one of the UK's leading employers for women in a list published by The Times. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) had a formal Diversity & Inclusion corporate function since 2010 designed to provide strategic guidance and support for diversity programmes across the globe. TCS employs over 1,00,000 women globally, a third of its total workforce. The Times Top 50 Employers for Women recognises organisations that are spearheading gender equality in the workplace and making a conscious effort to even out the playing field for men and women.  TCS' rank in The Times Top 50 is recognition of its continued drive to make gender equality a central part of its business strategy, a company released.The company also invests in training at all levels to help women excel in their roles, including one-to-one coaching when they take up senior roles, a Rising Stars Program for women with 3-5 years of experience and the Pathways to Success Workshop, a leadership module for women with 5-8 years of experience.  Tata Consultancy Services : TCS is an IT services, consulting and business solutions organization that delivers real results to global business, ensuring a level of certainty no other firm can match. TCS offers a consulting-led, integrated portfolio of IT, BPS, infrastructure, engineering and assurance services. This is delivered through its unique Global Network Delivery Model, recognized as the benchmark of excellence in software development. 

The  global consulting and technology services firm Accenture has set up a cyber centre in Bengaluru to expand its security presence .This enables clients to tap the latest strategies and technologies to address their toughest cyber security challenges, As-a-Service modelThe new facility brings together inter-disciplinary capabilities, ranging from innovation, incubation and development of new solutions to strategic consulting and transformation and the managed delivery of a broad range of cyber defence services. The centre is a cornerstone of Accenture’s cyber security growth strategy and commitment to a multi-million-dollar investment in new cyber security capabilities, platforms, and industry-specific solutions over the next several years.The new centre will be a hub for continuous, collaborative innovation — melding the combined brain power of our clients’ teams, Accenture’s security and industry specialists as well as university and ecosystem alliance partners.It is also launching its new cyber defence platform, a cloud-based security platform that integrates key elements to quickly and affordably industrialise and scale a 24/7 managed security capability. The centre is the largest cyber security facility in the Accenture global delivery network, which includes more than 50 facilities, the firm said adding its security presence in India has grown in nearly five years and one of the company’s largest geographies globally.Accenture employs more than 3,400 security specialists worldwide and has a global footprint of cyber centres in Manila and Prague.

Automobile giant Mahindra & Mahindra has become the first Indian company to join a global energy campaign led by an international non-profit group that will work with the world's most influential businesses in setting commitments to double their energy productivity. Sustainability is an integral part of Mahindra's approach to business. By signing up for EP100, we are making a significant commitment to doubling our energy productivity by 2030 on a baseline of 2005, and hope to make a strong contribution towards achieving the climate goals agreed upon at COP21. By signing up to 'EP100' campaign led by 'The Climate Group', the world's largest manufacturer of tractors has committed to doubling their energy productivity by 2030, a core requirement for any business signing on to the campaign.  The announcement comes a day before Mahindra Group chairman Anand Mahindra will represent the corporate world at the high-level signing ceremony of the historic Paris climate change agreement at the United Nations .Mahindra's decision to join the campaign will inspire other companies in India to include "energy productivity targets as part of a new 'norm' for global business."  Mahindra and Mahindra Limited : Mahindra and Mahindra Limited (M&M) is an Indian multinational automobile manufacturing corporation headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It is one of the largest vehicle manufacturers by production in India and the largest manufacturer of tractors across the world.It is a part of Mahindra Group, an Indian conglomerate

Chad’s incumbent President, Idriss Deby (63) has won a fifth term in office in a lopsided first-round victory. In the 2016 election, Idriss Deby of Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS) party secured the 61.56% of the vote in the first-round runoff. Opposition leader Saleh Kebzabo finished at second position with 12.80% of the vote followed by Laokein Kourayo Mbaiherem with 10.60%. For the first time, he became President of Chad, a central African country in 1990 after overthrowing President Hissène Habré in a military coup. Earlier he had won the elections in 1996 and 2001 and again in 2006 and 2011 after 2 term limits of President were eliminated. Currently he is also Chairperson of the African Union (AU) and was elected by the Assembly of Heads of State of AU in January 2016 for one year term. Chad : It is a landlocked country in northern Central Africa. It is former French Colony and became independent in 1960. It is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world as most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers. Since 2003, crude oil is country’s primary source of export earnings.

Pakistan and China on 20 April 2016 signed an agreement for the launch of a special satellite to monitor the development of the 46 billion US dollar China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects.Pakistan Minister for Planning, Development and Reform, Ahsan Iqbal on behalf of Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) and China Great Wall Industry Cooperation (CGWIC) President Yin Limping signed the agreement in Islamabad, Pakistan.This bilateral cooperation between the two nations in space domain would open new arena of socio-economic and scientific cooperation. It would give boost to the historic bilateral cordial relations in other fields. Features of the Project : The two sides agreed for the development and launch of the Pakistan Remote Sensing Satellite (PRSS-1) System and in this regard launch a satellite in June 2018.Space technology is fundamental in socio-economic development, infrastructure upgradation, agriculture production, urban planning in new era.The agreement would also transfer space technology to Pakistan and the PRSS-1 is yet another flagship project between China-Pakistan relations after CPEC.The new project would also help Pakistan in national security arena by strengthening border security and surveillance apparatus. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) : The CPEC is a 46 billion US dollar project launched with the help of China to connect western China to southern Pakistans port city of Gawadar. It would give access to Beijing into the Arabian Sea. Indian Context on the Project : India has been protesting the corridors passing through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir ever since the project was kicked off by President Xi Jinping during his visit to Islamabad in 2015.India is concerned as this corridor would impact the security of the Nation.

Famous comedian, singer and writer Victoria Wood died on 20 April 2016 due to cancer. She was 62.Born on 19 May 1953, Wood was an English comedian, actress, singer and songwriter, screenwriter and director. She wrote and starred in sketches, plays, films and sitcoms, and her live comedy act was interspersed with her own compositions, which she performed on piano.Wood also composed and performed the theme music for her BBC sitcom Dinnerladies. She was noted for her skills in observing culture, and in satirising social classes.The comedian started her career in 1974 by winning the ATV talent show New Faces. She began to establish herself as a comedy star in the 1980s, with the award-winning television series Victoria Wood as Seen on TV and became one of Britain's most popular stand-up comics.In 1994, she was made an honorary Doctor of Letters by the University of Sunderland. In 1997, she was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the Queen's Birthday Honours List. She was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2008 Birthday Honours.In 2006, she won two BAFTA awards for her one-off drama for ITV1,Housewife, 49.  

The Union Commerce and Industry Ministry has launched a new service Twitter Seva to address issues and grievances of startups, exporters and importers, and other stakeholders. In this regard, an institutionalised mechanism with a special Twitter cell has been created in the Ministry which is manned by a set of dedicated officers of the Ministry. Characteristics of Twitter Seva : Twitter Seva will address various queries of startups in a time-bound manner. In it, anyone who wants to access government irrespective of any department, they can put their queries using the hashtag – ‘#mociseva’ on micro blogging site twitter. The Union Commerce and Industry Ministry would try to respond to the queries within 48 to 72 working hours. Queries on matters relating to Department of Commerce and Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) will be answered through this service. It will also address queries regarding the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), , SEZs, Directorate General of supplies and Disposals, tea, rubber, coffee, spices, Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). Issues related to manufacturing policy, investment promotion, industrial corridors, Startup India, Make in India, FDI, intellectual property rights will be also addressed.

According to FDI Intelligence Report India has replaced China as the top Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) destination by attracting $63 billion worth FDI projects in 2015. FDI Intelligence is a division of international media company – The Financial Times Limited. Highlights of Report  : India was the highest-ranked country by capital investment in the year 2015, with 63 billion dollars-worth of FDI projects announced. It was the biggest change in Greenfield FDI in 2015 was near tripling with an estimated 63 billion dollars. There was an 8 per cent increase in project numbers to 697. The boost in FDI has resulted in a whopping increase in job creation from nearly 1 lakh in 2013 to over 2 lakh jobs in 2015. These high-value projects were specifically announced across the coal, oil and natural gas and renewable energy sectors India has replaced China as the top destination for FDI by capital investment following of high-value project announcements Among the emerging economies: Greenfield FDI inflow in India and China was followed by Indonesia ($38.5 billion), Mexico ($24.3 billion) and Brazil ($17.3 billion). Top destination states for FDI in 2015 in India: Gujarat was on top which had attracted $12.4 billion. Maharashtra was second attracting $8.3 billion respectively in 2015.

Pop music superstar Prince Rogers Nelson popularly known as Prince passed away in suburban Minneapolis, United States. He was 57. Prince was widely known for his flamboyant stage presence and wide vocal range. He was the pioneer of famous song the Minneapolis sound and was renowned as an innovator for his eclectic work. Prince  : Prince Born as Prince Rogers Nelson on June 7, 1958 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, US. He had developed an interest in music at an early age and had written his first song at age seven. His album Purple Rain (1984) is often described as one of the greatests of all time. Among his best-known songs are When Doves Cry, Cream and Kiss . Awards and Honours: He had won seven Grammy Awards and earned 30 nominations. He also won an Oscar for the song score “Purple Rain”.  

The three day International Yoga Fest: A Curtain Raiser for International Day of Yoga-2016 was inaugurated by the Minister of State for AYUSH (Independent Charge) and Health & Family Welfare, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in New Delhi today. The Yoga Festival has been organized by the Ministry of AYUSH to sensitize the masses regarding the celebration of International Day of Yoga.  Probably that is the reason why as many as 177 out of 193 UN Member States supported the idea of declaring 21st June as the International Day of Yoga Yoga : Yoga can play a great role in the prevention and management of non-communicable diseases where conventional medicine is not having permanent or cost-effective solution, he said. Yoga is beneficial in problems related to working in high altitude areas, working in extreme climatic conditions and various stressful situations. Yoga can enhance the endurance among the sports person, the Minister elaborated.  The International Day of Yoga will be on an even larger scale this year as compared to last year and it will be a peoples program in a real sense. The Minister disclosed that the National level function on International Yoga Day is proposed to be held at Chandigarh to ensure large participation of people in the celebrations even though the states will be organizing their own state level functions on a grand scale.  Dr. H. Nagendra, Chancellor, S-VYASA University, Bangalore and Chairperson of the Committee of Yoga Experts for International Yoga Day, highlighted the activities being planned for a grand celebration of the International Yoga Day and the efforts to introduce Yoga among youth and children with the help of Human Resource Development Ministry.  Now it is decided that Chandigarh the dual capital of Punjab and Haryana on June 21st of 2016 to host International Yoga day.  

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 21 April 2016 inaugurated the 10th Civil Services Day in New Delhi.During the inauguration ceremony, PM Modi called for experiments to bring change in society and creating an atmosphere where everyone can contribute.Besides, PM Modi also conferred awards to civil servants for excellence in implementation of Priority Programmes of the Government of India namely  Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna (PMJDY) - Opening Zero Balance Accounts Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) - Clean India Programme Swachh Vidyalaya - Clean India: Clean Schools Soil Health Card Scheme -  To Farmers for health or quality of a soil This is for the first time that a new category of Excellence in implementing a Priority Programme has been added to the Prime Minister’s Awards for Excellence in Public Administration.These awards acknowledge, recognize and reward the extraordinary and innovative work done by officers of the Central and State Governments for the welfare of the common citizen. Recipients of Prime Minister’s Awards for Excellence in Public Administration: Category Received by On behalf of Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana 1. Raj Kishore Prasad, LDM of Allahabad Bank of India 2. Surendra Chandra Das, West Bengal LDM of Union bank of India 3. Pramod Narayan, LDM of Punjab National Bank 24 North Paraganas Navgaon, Assam Chandigarh Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) 1. Dr Savita Anand, Principal Resident Commissioner of Rajasthan 2. Aishwariya Singh, District Collector of West Sikkim Bikaner West Sikkim Swachh Vidyalaya 1. Anantpur district in Andhra Pradesh 2. Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir 3. Dadar & Nagar Haveli   Soil Health Card Scheme 1. District Collector 2. Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh Balrampur district of Chhattisgarh Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh  

Mahatma Gandhi's granddaughter Tara Gandhi Bhattacharjee has been decorated with one of France's top honour The Order of Arts and Letters for her contribution in promoting peace, solidarity, culture, education, and development.On behalf of the French President Bhattacharjee, 82, was conferred the Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et Lettres (Order of Arts and Letters) honour here late last evening by French Ambassador Francois Richier. This honour comes in recognition of Bhattacharjee's remarkable work for promoting peace, solidarity, culture, education, and development through her commitment to perpetuating the memory and legacy of her grandfather, Mahatma Gandhi For the past 28 years, she has been working for the Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Trust, founded by Mahatma Gandhi in memory of his wife to serve needy women and children of rural India.  Order of Arts and Letters : The Order of Arts and Letters (Ordre des Arts et des Lettres) was established in 1957 by French government.The award is to recognize eminent artists and writers, as well as people who have contributed significantly to furthering the arts in France and throughout the world.The Order of Arts and Letters is presented out three times annually under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Culture and Communication. Some noted Indian recipients of this honour in the past include Bharti Kher, Subodh Gupta, Shahrukh Khan, Pt Hariprasad Chaurasia, Aishwarya Rai, Raghu Rai, Ebrahim Alkazi, Habib Tanveer, and Upamanyu Chatterjee. 

The Uttarakhand high court on revoke the imposition of President’ rule in the state and revived the Congress government headed by Harish Rawat, who has been asked to prove his majority on 29 April.Coming down heavily on the Centre for the 27 March proclamation under Article 356, a division bench of the high court headed by chief justice K.M. Joseph said the imposition of the President’s rule was contrary to the law laid down by the Supreme Court.Upholding the disqualification of nine  agitator Congress MLAs, the court said they have to pay the price of committing the “Constitutional sin” of defection by being disqualified. The court said the fate of the rebel Congress MLAs was entirely irrelevant and extraneous to the imposition of President’s rule. Ordering restoration of the Rawat government, the court ordered the ousted chief minister to prove his government’s majority on the floor of the Assembly on 29 April. President's Rule : In the Republic of India, the phrase "President's rule" refers to the imposition of Article 356 of the Constitution of India on a State whose constitutional machinery has failed. In the event that a State government is not able to function as per the Constitution, the State comes under the direct control of the central government; in other words, it is "under President's rule". Subsequently, executive authority is exercised through the centrally appointed Governor, who has the authority to appoint retired civil servants or other administrators, to assist him.

The International Mother Earth Day was on 22 April 2016 observed across the world with the theme ‘Trees for the Earth’. This year's theme sets the goal of planting 7.8 billion trees over the next five years.The Day recognises that the Earth and its ecosystems provide its inhabitants with life and sustenance. It also aims to raise awareness that humans have a collective responsibility to promote harmony with nature and to balance the economic, social and environmental needs of present and future generations. This year, Earth Day coincided with the signing ceremony for the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, which took place at UN Headquarters in New York. The Agreement was adopted by all 196 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change at COP21 in Paris on 12 December 2015. Earth Day : Earth Day was first celebrated in the United States in 1970 and was organised by the Earth Day Network.  Its mission was to broaden and diversify the environmental movement worldwide and to mobilize it as the most effective vehicle to build a healthy, sustainable environment. However, in 2009 the United Nations General Assembly established the International Mother Earth Day under Resolution A/RES/63/278. The Resolution was introduced by The Plurinational State of Bolivia and was endorsed by over 50 member states.It recognized that the Earth and its ecosystems are our home and it is necessary to promote harmony with nature and the Earth.

Scientists at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram indigenously manufactured the world's lightest synthetic material called ‘silica aerogel’ or ‘blue air’ or ‘frozen smoke’. It was in news in the third week of April 2016.Silica Aerogel is the lightest synthetic material ever made by man. Characteristics of Silica Aerogel : The material is so light weight that it can be delicately placed on a flower head.It has an excellent thermal resistance and if it is used as filler in soldiers' uniforms it can save many lives at the Siachen glacier.The material can be used both in space and on Earth. Scientists also hope it can be used to insulate rocket engines.Frozen smoke can be also used to make light weight clothing, if painted on windows it can keep buildings cool or warm.The matrix of aerogel is made up of 99 per cent air. The material is likely to be used on moon rover in Chandryaan-2 mission of India. The material is still very fragile and brittle and scientists at the space centre are still finding ways to make it tough and resilient.  

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22nd April 2016 Current Affairs Quiz

Try to answer the 22nd April 2016 Current affairs quiz questions, after going through 22nd April 2016 current affairs news. 22nd April 2016 current affairs Quiz questions are designed in an endearing and better way to revise all the important points of current events. Correct answers are shown at the end of the Quiz to scale up the candidate’s grasping level of General Knowledge.

Enrich your GK with FreshersLive 22nd April 2016 Current Affairs News

Nowadays, in most of the competitive exams and interviews, there is a separate section for current affairs which plays a major role in final merit listing of Candidates. Make use of this precious 22nd April 2016 current affairs updates and quiz material for preparing Top competitive exams like UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, LIC AAO, RBI Grade 'B' & Assistants, NABARD Grade A & B, SBI PO & Clerk, IBPS PO & Clerk, IBPS RRB Officer Scale 1 & Assistants, CAPF, etc,.

On checking this page frequently, you can't miss any Current Affairs news of 22nd April 2016. Go through all the current affairs news updated in this page and practice with Quiz right now to succeed in your competitive exam as well as interview.