Current Affairs 18th April 2016 - Banking, SSC, UPSC Affairs

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Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur (IIT-K) which is known for its public research will now be providing scientific support towards the dynamic evolution and implementation of the Ganga River Basin Management Plan.A 10-year memorandum of agreement to this effect was signed here between IIT-K and National Mission for Clean Ganga under the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on April-17.The Ministry signed a 10 year Memorandum of Agreement with IITK for provision of continual scientific support in the implementation and dynamic evolution of the Ganga River Basin Management Plan. Delivering the key note address on the occasion, Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation explained in detail why the Centre for Ganga River Basin Management and Studies is needed for the mission and how important is this collaboration. Ministry was focused on cleaning the Ganga by setting up Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs) and Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs). According to Dr. Vinod Tare, Professor IITK  the Ganga River Basin Management Plan 2015 by IIT Consortiums has provided strategic action plans, some policy interventions and management action along with financial implications.These plans shall be further detailed by the centre with financial, social, economical and environment implications.

Uttar Pradesh has claimed the top spot with the highest share of about 15 per cent in PPP projects across India, followed by Maharashtra and Gujarat, a recent Assocham-SREI study .UP again has the highest share of about 22 per cent in terms of value in total PPP investment projects under construction across India, followed by Maharashtra (11 per cent), Haryana (8.5 per cent), Gujarat (6 per cent) and Madhya Pradesh (4.5 per cent)," said the study titled 'PPP Investment in Indian Infrastructure: Need for growth and development'. The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (Assocham), along with infrastructure conglomerate SREI, has conducted this study. Gujarat has the highest share of 15.5 per cent in infrastructure projects (value terms) that are under operation on the public-private partnership (PPP) model and is followed by UP and Maharashtra (13 per cent share each), Tamil Nadu and Karnataka (almost 8 per cent each). A total of about 1,200 projects in different segments of the infrastructure sector with investments worth about Rs 7 lakh crore are being carried out in the PPP mode throughout India Most PPP investment projects have been terminated in Maharashtra (13 per cent) followed by Chhattisgarh (10 per cent), Gujarat (9 per cent), Kerala (7 per cent) and MP (7 per cent).The study has suggested to the government the setting up of an independent institution for overall co-ordination and management of PPP projects in the country. It should also act as nodal agency with the responsibility of creation of PPP data base, creation and regular updation of model bid documents for all infrastructure sectors, co-ordination with government departments concerned and dissemination of best practices and learning through both successes and failures  PPP projects : Public-private partnership (PPP) is a funding model for a public infrastructure project such as a new telecommunications system, airport or power plant. The public partner is represented by the government at a local, state and/or national level.

IAS officer C K Deshmukh was appointed as Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) in Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. Deshmukh, a 1996 batch IAS officer of Madhya Pradesh cadre, has been appointed to the post till May 23, 2017, the date on which she completes combined central deputation tenure of seven years, an order issued by Department of Personnel and Training  The CVO acts as distant arm of Central Vigilance Commission to check corruption and strengthen anti-graft measures in an organisation. 

Former Pakistan cricket captain Inzamam-ul-Haq has resigned as the head coach of the Afghanistan team and is set to be appointed as the chief selector and coach of the Pakistan team.According to a statement by Afghanistan Cricket Board (ACB), Inzamam resigned from his post considering his national obligations, pointing towards upheaval in Pakistan cricket.Inzamam’s contract with the Afghanistan Cricket Board was renewed for a period of 1 year earlier in November last year. He coached the team that performed recently in the WorldT20 in India. They beat eventual champions the West Indies in the Super 10 stage before exiting the tournament.He had originally agreed to coach Afghanistan on a temporary basis ahead of the One-Day and Twenty20 series against Zimbabwe but the contract was renewed for one year after the Afghan team made history with back to back wins against Zimbabwe. He guided Afghanistan to the Super 10 stage of the recent World Twenty20 in India, during which they defeated eventual champions West Indies.The 46-year-old played 378 ODIs and 120 Test matches for Pakistan and was also the team's batting consultant in 2012.

Having scripted a place in weather record books for receiving torrential rain for years, Sohra, erstwhile Cherrapunjee, will now have a Rain Museum and a Research Centre, as per the plans mooted by Meghalaya government. The proposed centre on the lines of the High Altitude Cloud Physics Laboratory set up at Mahabaleshwar, will showcase the uniqueness of the people and their culture besides providing necessary scientific back ups for high end research on rainfall. The Museum and the Centre will act as a premier capacity building institution where in visitors will be provided with all information of the place, the people and their culture and rainfall  that has become part of their lives since time immemorial. The state government, through the Meghalaya Basin Development Authority (an agency constituted to implement the state's flagship Integrated Basin Development and Livelihood Programme), has aptly decided to set up the Rain Museum and a Research Centre .The fact that Sohra and Mawsynram (neighbouring town west of here), receive huge amount of rainfall for years continuously, despite being located away from the ocean, has intrigued many weather researchers and provides a unique setting to understand the mechanism of very heavy rainfall processes in the absence of cyclonic disturbances.Both these places are unlike the other wet places like the Hawaii islands in Pacific Ocean and La-Reunion in the Indian Ocean where they are both islands amidst vast oceans where cyclonic disturbances cause heavy rainfall Rain Museum and Research Centre : The Research Centre aims to establish state-of-the-art Met Instrumentation Laboratory which would provide facilities to national and international research community to carry out research in the areas related to very heavy rainfall, understand mechanism of very heavy rainfall and develop parameterisation schemes for prediction of very heavy rainfall.It would also act as a premier capacity building institution even as the Museum part of the component will be segmented into the outdoor and the indoor facilities where in various historical facts of the place would be displayed. Cherrapunji Rain Centre intends to have state-of-the-art Observing Systems and Data Centre, working space for visiting Scientists to carry out high quality research work, according to the paper. While the Centre is aimed to be equipped with modern instruments in collaboration with other similar research organisations like the IMD, the official said various weather research projects will also be allowed to be carried out independently and also by institutional researchers. The state government hopes that the weather research centre will get strategic support and apt collaboration from the IMD office Cherrapunji which host the S-band Doppler Weather RADAR installed by ISRO for long range data collection and helps in flood early warning, thunderstorm and hailstorm nowcasting and several other applications.The proposed Sohra Rain Research centre would enable the study of very heavy rainfall over eastern India in general and over Meghalaya/Sohra region in particular

Multipurpose project Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), now reeling under losses, would hive off its stake in the Raghunathpur thermal plant in Purulia by forming a JV with state-owned Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC). For the 2X600 MW plant at Raghunathpur, DVC was able to secure PPAs for 550 MW only. NLC, on the other hand, was having PPAs for 650 MW which it secured from a Karnataka power plant which had got delayed. It is a perfect fit as DVC has the power but no PPAs and vice-versa for NLC. The Karnataka government had also given its no-objection to the deal with DVC NLC will have 74 per cent stake in the JV while the remaining 26 per cent will be with DVC. Since DVC had a huge loan burden for the Raghunathpur plant, it will have to make some sacrifice for shelling out 74 per cent to NLC The proceeds of the stake sale would be used to repay the debt Earlier, talks between DVC and NTPC could not crystallise into a deal.During the last financial year, DVC had been able to recover dues worth Rs 4,770 crore from the Jharkhand government. Turnover during the last fiscal would be around Rs 13,000 crore  Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) : The Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) is Public company which operates several power stations in the Damodar River area of West Bengal and Jharkhand states of India. The company operates both thermal power stations and hydel power stations under the Ministry of Power Govt of India. DVC is headquartered in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.The Damodar Valley Corporation has been generating and transmitting power since 1953.

A standard format has been designed for banks to share transaction related details with revenue intelligence and central security agencies looking into money laundering and financial fraud cases. This follows intelligence and probe agencies laying emphasis on a standardised format for sharing of information by the banks, including those done through cheques, official sources The issue was first raised by the CBI which found that while investigating an offence, banks were providing information in different formats making probe rather difficult. A meeting was then called by Central Economic Intelligence Bureau and a commonly acceptable format was designed .To recover with this issue a meeting was called by the Central Economic Intelligence Bureau and a commonly acceptable format was designed. During a recent meeting of the "working group on intelligence apparatus" headed by Revenue Secretary Hasmukh Adhia and attended by officials of intelligence and investigating agencies, a representative of RBI informed that Indian Banks Association (IBA) has indicated that banks will furnish information in respect of transactions like National Electronic Fund Transfer, Internet banking and intra bank transfer in the new format, the sources said. The Revenue Secretary asked the RBI to prevail upon IBA so that details of cheque transactions may also be provided to law enforcement agencies in the prescribed format, they said. Intelligence agencies need information from banks to probe cases of black money, money laundering, disproportionate assets and banking frauds.It makes a task easier for forensic analysis and will be both time and cost effective. Enforcement Directorate (ED) also emphasised that the details of cheque transaction should also be provided by the banks in the prescribed format, the sources said. A number of cases relating to bank frauds worth crore of rupees which are being probed by the central and state law enforcement agencies. Banks have reported 11,997 fraud cases during April and December last year.

Financial Software & Systems Pvt. Ltd. (FSS), a Chennai-based payments technology and transaction processing company, has inked agreements with six banks to provide UPI (Unified Payment Interface) solution across the country on a hosted platform.  UPI facilitates easy and seamless person-to-person (P2P) and person-to-merchant (P2M) transactions for end-customers. Suresh Rajagopalan, President (Software Products) FSS, said UPI supported all transactions. Typically, it will see FSS develop custom-built UPI app for each bank. A bank customer can download this app in his/her mobile devise, register the account number and take a virtual address. Unified Payment Interface (UPI) : National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) is implementing a 'Unified Payment Interface' to simplify and provide a single interface across all payment systems thereby enabling all account holders to send and receive money from their smartphones with a single identifier - Aadhaar number or mobile number or virtual payments address - without entering any bank account information. 

Scientists at Technical University of Munich (TUM) discovered the traces of isotopes of 60Fe (Iron) in samples from the moon which are similar to those were found on Earth’s ocean floor. This led them to believe that these isotopes are also from the same supernova explosion.The study was published in Physics Review Letters journal on 13 April 2016.Earlier, a unique iron isotope, 60Fe, was found in deep-sea crusts and ocean sediments from the Pacific Ocean. At present, the scientists detected the same kind of isotope 60Fe, with high concentrations on the moon as well.The scientists of TUM also made use of the samples of lunar material that was brought to Earth for the further study during the Apollo lunar missions 12, 15 and 16 between 1969 and 1972.These samples were studied using a high-sensitivity accelerator mass spectrometer in the Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory.This study supports that the same supernova explosion sent the same stellar particles to Earth and our moon.  Supernova : As per NASA, Supernova is an explosion of the star at the end of its life cycle. Stars are made up of hydrogen and once it is all gone, they implode and create new elements. When it of massive size a supernova, a biggest explosion takes place that spews out different isotopes all over.It is believed that a supernova explosion occurred somewhere near our solar system around two million years ago. It is believed that it occurred only around 300 light years away.

International Day for Monuments and Sites traditionally called World Heritage Day was observed across the world on 18 April 2016 with theme ‘The Heritage of Sport’.The theme was decided by the International Council for Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in the backdrop of Rio Olympics 2016 that is to be hosted in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in August 2016.World Heritage Day is observed to create awareness to protect and preserve the shared wealth of humankind and showcases the diversity of cultural heritage. It calls for collective efforts of the international community to preserve the valuable asset.The idea of celebrating World Heritage Day was approved by the UNESCO General Conference. It in November 1983 passed a resolution at its 22nd session recommending that Member States examine the possibility of declaring 18 April each year “International Monuments and Sites Day”.

Indian artistic gymnast Dipa Karmakar on 17 April 2016 created history by becoming the first Indian woman gymnast to qualify for Olympics.Karmakar booked a berth for the Rio Games after a strong performance at the final qualifying and test event. She earned a total score of 52.698 points in the Olympics qualifying event to book a berth for artistic gymnastics in Rio Games to be held in August 2016.Karmakar has been listed as the 79th gymnast among individual qualifiers in the list of women’s artistic gymnast who have qualified for the Rio Olympics. Dipa Karmakar : Born on 9 August 1993 in Agartala, Dipa Karmakar came to recognition when she won a bronze medal at the 2014 Commonwealth Games, held at Glasgow becoming the first Indian female gymnast to do so in the history of the games.She is also one of the five women that have successfully landed the very difficult Produnova vault in competition, also holding the highest score amongst all in her attempt. She scored 15.100, which is 7.000 for difficulty, and an 8.100 for execution, with a 0.1 penalty. Only two of her contemporaries have attempted the Produnova: Yamilet Pena of Dominican Republic and Fadwa Mahmoud of Egypt.She also won a bronze at the Asian Gymnastics Championships and finished fifth at the 2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, both a first for India. These achievements have established her as the most successful gymnast from India despite her young age.

Wooden Charkha -spinning wheel which is largest in the world is planned to be installed at Terminal 3 of the Indira Gandhi International Airport here is ready for dispatch from a unit of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) in Ahmedabad.It was the initiative of KVIC Chairman V K Saxena who decided to install the world’s largest charkha at the international airport in Delhi.This is to showcase India’s symbol of non-violence to the world through the airport where around 2, 50,000 people/tourists visit every day.Around 40 million passengers used the IGIA to reach 58 domestic and 62 international destinations in 2014-2015.This Airport won the prestigious Golden Peacock National Quality Award in 2015.Delhi Airport has also bagged two awards in 2015 at the prestigious Skytrax . Wooden Charkha -spinning wheel : The Wheel weighs four-tonne, it is made from high-quality teak wood, which is estimated to last for over 50 years, was built by around 26 workers and carpenters who completed it in 40 days.The directive for building of the wooden spinning wheel was given to Paryog Samiti, a KVIC unit, situated near Sabarmati Ashram of Mahatma Gandhi in the Gujarat.  

Gujarat Police chief P C Thakur was appointed as Director General, Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards Thakur, a 1979 batch IPS officer of Gujarat cadre, has been appointed to the post for a period upto the date of his superannuation on December 31, 2016, an order issued by Department of Personnel and Training.The Appointments Committee of Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the appointment of Thakur as Director General, Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards. He was appointed as Director General of Gujarat Police in December 2013. The Directorate General of Civil Defence was established in the Home Ministry in 1962 to handle all policy and planning matters related to civil defence and its running partners home guards and fire services.

Finance Minister Eatala Rajender’s Public Relations Officer and former journalist D. Ravinder passed away on April 16,2016 at Secunderabad. Ravinder, 43,  and Ravinder from Raikal of Karimnagar district was a post-graduate from Osmania University. He worked as reporter for Etv and Saakshi Telugu news channels. Later, he joined as PRO to the Finance Minister.

Thomas Cook has elevated Mahesh Iyer, head of its foreign exchange division, to the position of chief operating officer and expanded the roles of few of its senior executives as part of a move to realign backend services following acquisition of Kuoni Tours last year.Iyer who was chief operating officer in charge of company's foreign exchange division is now the overall COO of the company and will be responsible for day to day business management. He will also be responsible for managing the visa and foreign exchange business in India, Mauritius and Sri Lanka.Thomas Cook is adopting a 'shared services' strategy to align its backend services with Kuoni which it acquired last year. As a part of this measure few of its executives will now hold group positions, covering Thomas Cook and Kuoni ( which has been rebranded as SOTC).The executives with new roles include Abraham Alapatt(President and group head - marketing, service quality, financial services and innovation), Amit Madhan (President and group head - technology and shared services),Rambhau Kenkre (President and group head - legal, secreterial and administration) and Mona Cheriyan(President and group head - human resources).In another change, Rajeev Kale will now be in charge of the outbound leisure tour division, in addition to domestic and meeting-incentive tour segment. Indiver Rastogi will  head  the corporate travel division and build global alliances for the company's business travel vertical.While the inbound tours divisions of two companies have been integrated, Thomas Cook and SOTC function as separate entities and continue to compete in outbound travel, meeting-incentive tours and corporate travel businesses.

Oriental Bank of Commerce will raise over 178 crore by issuing shares to Life Insurance Corporation on a preferential basis.The decision comes from lender after Extra-ordinary general meeting held on 29 March that to issue over 2 crore shares to LIC was taken at the bank’s, it said in a regulatory filing.To create, offer, issue and allot 2, 15, 48,758 equity shares of the bank that aggregating up to Rs 178.40 crore on preferential basis to Life Insurance Corporation. Oriental Bank of Commerce : Oriental Bank of Commerce is an India-based bank established in Lahore (then the city of British India, and currently in Pakistan), is one of the public sector banks in India.Rai Bahadur Lala Sohan Lal, the first Chairman of the Bank, founded OBC in 1943 in Lahore.The bank was nationalised on 15 April 1980.In 1997, OBC acquired two banks: Bari Doab Bank and Punjab Cooperative Bank. The acquisition of these two banks brought with it no additional branches.on 31 March 2010 making it the seventh largest Public Sector Bank in India On 14 August 2004, OBC amalgamated Global Trust Bank (GTB). GTB was a leading private sector bank in India that was associated with various financial discrepancies leading to a moratorium being imposed by RBI .

In its inaugural edition of 'Global Game Changers' List launched on 13th April, 2016, Forbes has ranked some of the biggest names in business - "in an era of relentless advancement in almost every field, these individuals are at the fore of changes being envied, adopted and copied by rivals the world over."Forbes has ranked 30 business leaders chosen worldwide from companies that are worth at least $1 billion, who have displayed growth and innovation, and transformed lives. And among them feature three Indians. And like previously ranked at the top, Mukesh Ambani has indeed been kept out of this one. Global Game Changers List:Topped by Mark Benioff of Salesforce.com (1), the list also features Jeff Bezos of Amazon (2), Elon Musk of SpaceX (20), Larry Page of Alphabet (22) and Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook (ranked 30). India : The Indian leaders who have joined the race include Rahul Bhatia of InterGlobe Enterprises, Cyrus Poonawalla of Serum Institute of India, and Sunny Varkey of GEMS Education at ranks 3, 23, and 26 respectively.Although we sought balance in terms of industries and geography, in the end, inclusion (in the list) was mostly determined by the brilliance of their ideas and the audacity of their ambition," said senior editor Steve Schaefer, Forbes.

The government on April 21 will launch a new service, Twitter Seva, to address various queries of startups in a time bound manner. On April 21, we will be launching a 'Twitter Seva'. Any startup which wants to access government irrespective of any department, they can (put their queries). The process is on. We would have a place where you can virtually contact us, tell us your issues. We have a team that will divert the things or issues to the particular ministry and then come back to you and try to reply in 24 hrs,” Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said.During an hour-long interaction, the minister heard their issues and responded to their queries.On the matters related to other departments, she assured them to take that up with the concerned ministries.The interaction was aimed at giving a thrust to budding entrepreneurs.Start-ups which participated in the open chat include Velmenni Lifi, Fitternity, Glance, DeliveryTrack, FoodTalk, Chakar, BabyBug Step and Marketing Masala. Twitter Seva : As a follow up to the ‘Start up India, Stand up India’ initiative, the government is working on setting up a hotline for entrepreneurs on Twitter. This hotline known as ‘Twitter Seva’ will help all entrepreneurs of different stages seek support or funding assistance from the government. According to a report by The Economic Times, the service is said to be launched on April 21.

Mercedes driver Nico Rosberg from Germany has won the 2016 Chinese Grand Prix held at the Shanghai International Circuit. Chinese Grand Prix title race was the third race of the 2016 season of Formula One in which total 11 teams had participated. It was Rosberg’s overall seventeenth championship title of F1 in his career and the third consecutive win in the 2016 season. The top ten Nico Rosberg (Mercedes) Sebastian Vettel (Ferrari) Daniil Kvyat (Red Bull) |Daniel Ricciardo (Red Bull) Kimi Raikkonen (Ferrari) Felipe Massa (Williams) Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) Max Verstappen (Toro Rosso) Carlos Sainz (Toro Rosso) Valtteri Bottas (Williams)

The federal grand jury in the US State of Wisconsin has slapped 940 million US dollars fine against two companies of India’s Tata group – Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and Tata America International Corp. They were fined in a trade secret lawsuit filed against them by the US based electronics medical records vendor Epic Systems. The jury verdict has directed two companies of India’s Tata group to pay 240 million dollars to Epic Systems for ripping off its software and pay 700 million dollars in punitive damages. Epic Systems had accused the two companies of brazenly stealing its trade secrets, confidential information, documents and data. The US based company in its lawsuit has alleged that TCS employee reviewed its intellectual property under the pretence of doing consulting work for Kaiser Permanente, the largest managed health care company in the US and in doing so downloaded Epic’s proprietary software to help build a rival system. Epic Systems as an electronics medical records vendor builds software for healthcare companies to manage billing, insurance benefits management and referral services.  

India, Afghanistan and Iran have finalized draft of the Chabahar Trilateral Agreement on Transport and Transit Corridors. The text of the draft was finalized at the second technical meeting of experts from the three countries in New Delhi. The agreement will be signed after completing necessary internal procedures in the three countries. Features : The Agreement envisions trilateral cooperation for providing alternative access to seas to Afghanistan, inter alia for Afghanistan’s trade with India. When it will come into force it will significantly enhance utilization of Chabahar port, contribute to economic growth of landlocked Afghanistan, It will facilitate better regional connectivity including between India and connections to Afghanistan and Central Asia. The Agreement will be a strategic bulwark for greater flow of people and goods among the three countries as well as other countries in the region. Three parties also have agreed to establish a sub-committee within the framework of the agreement in order to provide protocols for transit, ports, customs issues and well as consular affairs.

Australia on 16 April 2016 defeated India 4-0 in the final to win the 25th edition of the Sultan Azlan Shah Cup held in Ipoh, Malaysia.This was the 9th title for the Aussies at this tournament having last won it in 2014.India last won the tournament in 2010, their fifth title, when they were jointly declared winners with South Korea.Thomas Craig and Matt Gohdes scored two goals each in open field play for Australia. The Aussies took off though Craig's field goals in the 25th and 35th minutes. Gohdes made it 3-0 in the 43rd minute and scored the fourth in the 57th minute.New Zealand, the winner of 2015 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup, acquired the third place in the 25th edition of the tournament. Sultan Azlan Shah Cup : The Sultan Azlan Shah Cup is an annual international men's field hockey tournament held in Malaysia.It began in 1983 as a biennial contest.The tournament became an annual event after 1998, following its growth and popularity.The tournament is named after the ninth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia, Sultan Azlan Shah, who was an avid fan of field hockey.  

Gujarat government on 15 April 2016 appointed Geeta Johri as the Director General of Police (DGP). The 1982-batch IPS officer Johri, who has the distinction of being Gujarat’s first women IPS officer, also became the first female DGP of Gujarat.She was elevated to the post after the state DGP PC Thakur was transferred to the centre as the Director General of Civil Defence and Home Guards on deputation. Geeta Johri : Earlier on 16 April 2015, she was promoted from the rank of Additional DGP to Director General of Police but continued serving as Managing Director of the Gujarat State Police Housing Corporation until 14 April 2016. She was prompted as the DGP after Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) dropped charges against her in the Sohrabuddin Sheikh fake encounter case.She was also a member of the Supreme Court appointed Special Investigation Team (SIT) under former CBI Chief RK Raghavan, which had probed the ten most heinous cases of 2002 riots.She began her career in Ahmedabad in 1982 after clearing the IAS exams. She served as the principal of police training school at Vadodara for sometime.She first came to limelight in the 1990s when she took on underworld king of Gujarat, Abdul Latif by raiding his house in Dariapur district and arrested his gunman Sharif Khan. However, Latif managed to escape.In 2006, Johri, who was posted in Criminal Investigation Department (CID), headed the investigations into the Sohrabuddin Sheikh fake encounter and the killing of his wife Kausar Bi.She was appointed to the case after Sohrabuddin's brother Rubabuddin filed a petition in the Supreme Court. She gathered evidence that confirmed that the encounter was fake and implicated the role of several officers in the fake encounter.The evidences led to the arrest of 13 police officers, including ex-Gujarat cop DIG DG Vanzara, SP Rajkumar Pandian and Dinesh MN.

World Haemophilia Day was observed globally on 17 April 2016 with theme Treatment for all is the vision of all.The day aims at raising awareness about haemophilia and other inherited bleeding disorders.  The day also provides an opportunity to talk to the family and friends, colleagues, and caregivers to raise awareness and increase support for those living with an inherited bleeding disorder.Hemophilia Day was established in 1989 with the support of the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH). The date of 17 April was chosen to honour Frank Schnabel, the founder of WFH, whose birthday falls on the same date. Haemophilia :  It is the oldest known genetic bleeding disorder and is caused by a deficiency in the genes. It impairs the body’s ability to control blood clotting, which is used to stop bleeding when a blood vessel is broken.It is a disease that transmits at birth from an affected father to daughter, who then becomes a carrier of the haemophilia cells who is at higher risk of passing the defective gene on to her children.

The Indian Army conducted major battle exercise named as ‘Shatrujeet’ in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan near to the border with Pakistan. The sole purpose of the exercise was to evaluate the capability of the Indian Army and fine tune its proactive war strategy to respond swiftly to any threat to nation’s security. Key facts The 2016 Shatrujeet battle exercise was steered by the Mathura based 1 Corps, one of the three principle strike corps of the Indian Army. It aimed to evaluate the capability of the Indian Army to strike deep into enemy territory in an integrated air-land battle environment.It was an operation-oriented exercise that focused on validating integrated battle theatre fighting concept. It also incorporated the new-age technologies, weapon platforms and systems as well as long range precision targeting vectors. It was post preparatory training exercise manoeuvres at subordinate units and formation levels by conducting integrated operational manoeuvres. It mainly validated India Army’s operational plans in simulated high tempo battlefield environment and terrain.Indian Army at regular intervals undertakes such battle exercises at different levels to ensure forces are provided war-like situations and kept in high-state of battle readiness as part of so called Cold Start Doctrine. The doctrine involves the various branches of India’s military conducting offensive operations against enemy (mainly Pakistan) as part of unified battle groups. It would involve limited, rapid armoured thrusts, with infantry and necessary air support. Under it, the offensive operations must begin within 48 hours after orders have been issued. Such a limited response time would enable Indian forces to surprise their enemy. It is intended to allow India’s conventional forces to perform holding attacks in order to prevent a nuclear retaliation from the enemy. 

Delhi Government started to implement the second phase of odd-even car rationing scheme from 15 April 2016 in the national capital. The scheme will continue till 30 April 2016. Aim of this Scheme : The scheme aims at curbing vehicular pollution and reducing traffic congestion on city roads. Under the scheme four-wheelers with odd registration numbers will ply on odd dates and those with even numbers on even dates. Its rule will be in operation from 8 AM to 8 PM. However, the scheme will not be applicable on Sundays.Under the scheme, President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Union Ministers and other VIPs have been exempted. Besides, vehicles driven by women, emergency vehicles, CNG vehicles and cars carrying school children in uniforms will be exempted.However, the rules of the odd-even scheme will apply on Delhi Chief Minister and his cabinet colleagues. The violation of rule will attract a penalty of 2000 rupees. The City government has also roped in over 5000 Civil Defence Volunteers at various traffic points who will motivate the people to follow the rules of the scheme.  

The Mumbai Press Club has selected T N Ninan, Chairman and Editorial Director of Business Standard, for this year's 'RedInk Award for Lifetime Achievement in Journalism'.The award will be presented to Ninan by the Governor of Maharashtra C Vidyasagar Rao on April 26 here.The Award recognises Ninan's extensive contribution to business journalism through good editorial leadership which he provided over the years to a host of publications, says a release issued here by the Mumbai Press Club.The 'RedInk Journalist of the Year' Award would be given to NDTV India's senior Executive Editor Ravish Kumar for his consistent and good reporting on politics and issues that concern the common man. Category of Award : The RedInk Awards for Excellence in Journalism are given in 10 categories for meritorious work in TV, print and digital formats. The categories are Politics, Crime, Health & Wellness, Business, Environment, Human Rights, Photography, Science & Innovation, Entertainment & Lifestyle and Sports. The selection of winners was made by eminent people from various walks of life including Justice (retd) B N Srikrishna for Human Rights, Shobha De for Entertainment & Lifestyle, SBI Chairperson Arundhati Bhattacharya for Business, Harsha Bhogle for Sports and Sudheendra Kulkarni for Politics.The Awards will be presented at a function at Jamshed Bhaba Hall, NCPA, here on April 26.In the past, doyens of journalism including Vinod Mehta, Kuldip Nayar, N Ram, Mrinal Pande and (last year) Dr Prannoy Roy have been honoured with the 'RedInk Award for Lifetime Achievement'.

The seventh and last of the regional navigation spacecraft is due to be launched on April 28, space agency Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has lined up a record-making feat towards the end of May. It will put in orbit 21 small and mostly foreign commercial satellites along with a larger Indian spacecraft. Cartosat-2C : The primary passenger on the PSLV-C33 launcher will be the Earth observing, high-resolution Cartosat-2C, weighing around 700 kg.Offering a resolution of about 60 cm, Cartosat-2C is touted to be the best Indian eye yet in the sky. It will cater to the country’s military requirements. Its camera, among other functions, can spot objects that are 60 cm wide or long - roughly an arm’s length, from its orbit of around 600 km.As far as multiple launches go, the PSLV has launched 10 spacecrafts including eight small foreign ones in April 2008. Then, too, the main passenger was Cartosat-2A, another defence enabler, giving pictures of 80 cm resolution of the ground below. Last December, a PSLV took up six small Singapore satellites into orbit in one go. ISRO : On behalf of ISRO mission, PSLV has launched 10 spacecraft’s including eight small foreign ones in April 2008. It also launched six small Singapore satellites into orbit in last December.NASA holds the 2013 record for placing the highest number 29 of mostly small customer satellites in orbit on a Minotaur launcher.The upcoming mission of the ISRO would carry Lapan A3 of Indonesia, Biros of Germany, SKYSAT GEN of US, and MVV of Germany among the micro satellites.

Rangana Herath, the veteran Sri Lankan spinner, retired from T20 and One Day International Cricket on 17 April 2016. However, the left-arm spinner will continue to play in Test matches.Sri Lankan Cricket Board in a press statement informed that Herath would like to concentrate on Test cricket which has always been his personal passion.Quoting from the letter received from Herath, the Board said that the decision was taken to make room for fresh talent to be groomed with the 2019 World Cup.Herath had a career best in Tests of 9 for 127 against Pakistan in 2014, 4 for 20 in ODIs against India in 2013 and 5 for 3 inT20s against New Zealand at the WT20 in 2014. ODIs : 71 Matches,74 Wicket,Debut : 25 April 2004 at Harare against Zimbabwe T20IS :  17 Matches,18 Wicket,Debut :6 August 2011 at Pallekele against Australia

Rafael Nadal on 17 April 2016 defeated Frenchman Gael Monfils to grab the 2016 Monte Carlo Masters title.Nadal, appearing in his 100th Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Tour final, won 7-5 5-7 6-0 in 2 hours 46 minutes to claim his ninth title, but his first since 2012. Rafael Nadal : Nadal is a Spanish professional tennis player currently ranked world No. 5.He has won 14 Grand Slam singles titles, the 2008 Olympic gold medal in singles, record equalling 28 titles in ATP World Tour Masters 1000 events, and 16 ATP World Tour 500 tournaments.In 2010, he became the seventh player in history and youngest of four in the Open Era to achieve the Career Grand Slam at age 24. He is the second male player, after Andre Agassi, to complete the singles Career Golden Slam.By winning the 2014 French Open, he became the only male player to win a single Grand Slam tournament nine times and the first to win at least one Grand Slam tournament for ten consecutive years.He is the only male player in tennis history to win one Grand Slam and Masters 1000 title for ten consecutive years from 2005 to 2014. Monte-Carlo Masters : The Monte-Carlo Masters is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players held in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France, a commune that borders on Monaco.The event is part of the ATP World Tour Masters 1000 on ATP Tour.The tournament is played on clay courts and is held every year in the April–May period.The Monte Carlo tennis championship was first held in 1897. It became an Open event in 1969.In 1990, it became an ATP Championship Series Single Week tennis event Beginning in 2009, Monte Carlo became the only ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament not to have a mandatory player commitment. Rafael Nadal won the title eight consecutive times between 2005 and 2012, making him the only player in the open era to win eight consecutive titles at the same tournament.  

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