Current Affairs 11th April 2016 - Banking, SSC, UPSC Affairs

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The Homoeopathic fraternity worldwide celebrates the birth anniversary of Dr Samuel Hahnemann, a German physician who discovered the Principles of Homoeopathy two centuries ago and developed it as a gentle healing system of medicine. Dr Samuel Hahnemann was bom on the 10th of April 1755. Therefore, this 10th of April has been observed as “World Homoeopathy Day” by the Homoeopathic fraternity all over the world. On this day, the fraternity organizes various symposia, road shows, medical camps, conferences and memorial events to popularize the strength of Homoeopathy.Homeopathy is one of the major forms of treatment, adapted by most of the doctors of the world.This is a system of medicine that was developed by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann in Germany at the advent of the 18th century.Homoeopathy as the world literally means is ‘Homo' means similar, ‘eo' means symptoms of the patient and ‘pathy' means suffering ; originally a German word and coined by none other than the father of homoeopathic medicine, Dr. Samuel Hahnemann.Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann was born on on 10 April 1755.He was a German physician, best known for creating the system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.

Premier Futsal, the recently announced futsal league, has roped in Virat Kohli as the league's brand ambassador. Kohli will lend his name to Futsal, the newer, shorter 5-a-side variant of soccer. Premier Futsal, the world's first multi-national team-based Futsal league, is set to take place in India from July 15th - 24th with each game split into two halves of 20 minutes each. Over 50 International Futsalers, from four Continents and 21 countries are expected to participate. The league, governed by the Futsal Association of India (FAI) with accreditation from international governing body, Asociacion Mundial de Futsal ( AMF), was launched in Mumbai last week in the presence of the founding team and FAI representative .The combination of speed & flamboyance is what attracts so many people across the globe to watch & play the sport. Futsal is a fast and exciting sport. I am excited to be a part of Premier Futsal and motivated to positively contribute to the development of this wonderful new sport in India .

The government's rural broadband project is facing long delays, telecom PSU BSNL is testing an alternative WiFi-based network to connect about 1 lakh village panchayats in a year with high-speed Internet.The process of laying fibre network calls for huge amount of physical labour. We have started a pilot to test broadband connectivity to village panchayats using WiFi network. With this we are hopeful of connecting about 1 lakh village panchayats in a year.The state-run firm is testing sustainability of technology in three villages in Alwar district of Rajasthan.Under the project, a wireless network over six kilometres has been set up connecting WiFi towers in three villages -- Karenda, Phalsa and Bahadri -- with BSNL's exchange in Bhiwadi. About 500 test connections have been provided to various users, including schools.A domestic telecom equipment maker firm, Vihaan Networks, is implementing the pilot project for BSNL.The government had approved NOFN project worth around Rs 20,100 crore in 2011 for facilitating at least 100 megabit per second (Mbps) bandwidth in all the estimated 2.5 lakh gram panchayats (GPs).The project is being handled by a special purpose vehicle under the Telecom Ministry which has distributed work to three central pubic sector units -- BSNL, Railtel and Powergrid.The project was to be completed by 2013 but has missed several deadlines. The NDA government, which came in power in May 2014, had planned to connect 50,000 GPs by March 2015, another 1 lakh by March 2016 and rest of the one lakh by December 2016.Now expects to complete roll out by 2018 and connect only 1 lakh panchayats with broadband by end of this year. PRS MR ABM.

The ministry for skill development and entrepreneurship (MSDE) has named Cricket Icon Sachin Tendulkar as brand ambassador of the 'Skill India' campaign. The master blaster said that the campaign was meant for the talents of young generation and it is an opportunity for the nation to make full use of its young population.‘Skill India’ campaign was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to help train over 40 crore people in India in different skills. World Youth Skills Day and the launch of SKILL INDIA were celebrated nation-wide. State Governments organized events to emphasize the importance of skill development for the youth in their states, mobilizing candidates, launching fresh training programs and felicitating successful trainees. ITIs across the country also participated in the event through a live feed of the event.NSDC provides funding to build scalable, for-profit vocational training initiatives. Its mandate is also to enable support systems such as quality assurance, information systems and train the trainer academies either directly or through partnerships. NSDC acts as a catalyst in skill development by providing funding to enterprises, companies and organisations that provide skill training. It will also develop appropriate models to enhance, support and coordinate private sector initiatives. The differentiated focus for the 21 sectors under NSDC’s purview and its understanding of their viability will make every sector attractive to private investment.

Kyrgyz Prime Minister Temir Sariyev resigned after a parliamentary commission accused his cabinet of corruption, a move highlighting tensions between different factions of President Almazbek Atambayev's supporters.A commission set up by the ex-Soviet republic's parliament said last week the government had broken the law, accusing it of having rigged a $100 million road construction tender to ensure it was given to a Chinese firm that lacked the required license.Sariyev, 52, has run the Central Asian nation's government since last May, at the time when its economy has come under pressure from the recession in Russia and slowdowns in other neighboring countries such as China and Kazakhstan.The coalition, which controls 80 out of 120 seats in the legislature, will propose a new prime minister if Atambayev accepts Sariyev's resignation.

World number two shuttler Kento Momota of Japan was axed from Japan’s badminton team for the 2016 Rio Olympics. He was axed for gambling at an illegal casino.The Nippon Badminton Association banned 21-year-old Momota from competition indefinitely, after an emergency meeting to decide the player's fate.Momota became the first Japanese man to win a world championship medal with a bronze in Jakarta in August 2015 and had been tipped to challenge for the title in Rio Olympics. Momota's absence in Rio will be a major blow to Japan's medal hopes.Apart from Momota, the association also removed his team-mate Kenichi Tago from the organisation’s official player list for an indefinite period. He was found guilty of placing illegal bets.Gambling is largely illegal in Japan.The Rio Olympic Games commence will take place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 5 August to 21 August 2016.

XBRL filing was in news on 11 April 2016 as the Union Corporate Affair Ministry exempted the housing finance companies from it. For this, the ministry amended the Companies (Filing of Documents and Forms in Extensible Business Reporting Language) Rules. The sectors which were already exempted from this kind of filings include Banking, insurance, power sector and non-banking finance companies.XBRL or Extensible Business Reporting Language, provides a common, electronic format for business reporting. It is a data-rich dialect of XML (Extensible Markup Language), the universally preferred language for transmitting information via the Internet.It was developed specifically to communicate information between businesses and other users of financial information, such as analysts, investors and regulators.It does not change what is being reported. It only changes how it is reported.It is a world-wide standard which was developed by an international, non-profit-making consortium, XBRL International Inc. (XII).The XBRL language uses different dictionaries, known as taxonomies, to define the specific tags used for each standard.Taxonomies provide definitions for XBRL tags which provide information about the tags.They organize the tags so that they have a meaningful structure. As a result, taxonomies enable computers with XBRL software: To understand what the tag whether it is a monetary item, a percentage or text; To what characteristics the tag if it has a negative value;To its relationship to other items if it is part of a calculation.This additional information is called meta-data. When information that was tagged with XBRL is transmitted, the meta-data contained within the tags is also transmitted.

Jharkhand Chief Minister Ragbubar Das on 10 April 2016 announced that the government would reserve two percent employment in various departments for meritorious sportspersons of the state.The announcement was made at the inaugural function of the National Archery Championship (Indian round) at Arjuna stadium.At present, two percent job quota for medal-winning sportspersons is there only in state police department, it was extended to all departments.A Kamal (lotus) Club will be set up in each panchayat, block and district level of the state to promote talented sportspersons.A residential football training centre will be set up in a month's time in Kharswan while the fourth Archery training centre of the state will be set up at Kumardungi High School, Chaibasa (West Singhbhum) in 2016.The state government has already set up archery training centres at Seraikela, Dumka and Silli.The state government has been providing 3000 rupees stipend to archers whereas, the welfare department provide 3 lakhs rupees for purchase of equipment.

Danny Willett on 10 April 2016 won the US Masters, the first Briton to do so since Nick Faldo in 1996. Willett grabbed the title after defeating defending champion Jordan Spieth.Willett won his first major championship with a score of 283 (–5), three strokes ahead of runners-up Lee Westwood and Jordan Spieth. Spieth led the tournament from the first round until the 12th hole of the final round, where he made a quadruple-bogey.The 2016 Masters Tournament was the 80th edition of the Masters Tournament. It was held from 7 April to 10 April 2016 at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia.Willett turned professional in May 2008.He finished the 2010 season ranked 23rd on the Order of Merit.He won for the first time on the European Tour in June 2012 at the BMW International Open in Cologne. He defeated Marcus Fraser on the fourth extra hole of a sudden death playoff.He finished third at the 2015 WGC-Cadillac Match Play, earning special temporary membership on the PGA Tour for the remainder of the 2015 season. In July 2015, he won his third European Tour title with a one-stroke victory over Matthew Fitzpatrick at the Omega European Masters.The Masters Tournament, also known as The Masters or The US Masters, is one of the four major championships in professional golf.It is scheduled for the first full week of April, and it is the first of the majors to be played each year.It is held each year at the same location, Augusta National Golf Club, a private golf club in the city of Augusta, Georgia, USA. The Masters was started by Clifford Roberts and Bobby Jones.

The United States Navy is leading the largest maritime exercise in the Middle East with 30 countries participating in the event.The International Mine Countermeasures Exercise (IMCMEX) aims to protect international trade routes against possible threats posed by terrorist groups like the so-called Islamic State and al-Qaeda, according to US officials.The exercise was organized by US Naval Forces Central Command and began Monday in Bahrain, home to the US 5th Fleet.US Naval Forces Central Command Vice Adm. Kevin Donegan highlighted the importance of the exercise in protecting shipping routes, saying, "We know that they want to disturb trade linesThe IMCMEX, which ends on April 26, focuses on operations such as mine countermeasures, infrastructure protection, and maritime security operations to protect civilian shipping.New technologies such as unmanned underwater vehicles and the expeditionary fast transport ship USNS Choctaw County are being demonstrated.The 12-day annual drills, dubbed Balikatan (Shoulder-to-Shoulder), began with the participation of some 5,000 US troops, 4,000 Filipino soldiers, and 80 Australian forces.The United States has recently increased its military presence in the Middle East as well as in the Asia-Pacific region.

Dubai is planning to build one of its most elaborate structures yet with developers promising that it will dwarf the current world's tallest building – the Burj Khalifa. The new tower, based at the centre of a new development called Dubai Creek Harbour, is set to boast rotating balconies and landscaping inspired by the mythical hanging gardens of Babylon.Chairman of Dubai-based Emaar Properties Mohamed Alabbar, said the huge viewing tower would cost about $1bn (£700m) to build in the Arab emirate. The final height will be announced closer to the topping-out ceremony.The Burj Khalifa, which stands at 828 metres (2,700ft) and cost $1.5bn (£1.05bn) to build.Dubai hosts the Expo trade fair for real estate and development. The complex, a tribute to Arab ambition and European engineering, will be designed by the Spanish-Swiss architect Santiago Calatrava Valls.Promising the tower will be "a notch" taller than Burj Khalifa, the plans featured observation decks with 18 to 20 mixed-use floors including restaurants and a boutique hotel.  The Burj Khalifa was completed in January 2010 but is set to be surpassed as the world's tallest building by a new structure in Saudi Arabia.The Jeddah Tower would be dwarfed by the Sky Mile Tower set to be built in Tokyo Bay, doubling the height of the Burj Khalifa. The mini-city, which has a completion date of 2045, would reach a height of 5,577ft and house around 55,000 people.

Former Chief Justice of the Chhattisgarh High Court, NK Aggarwal, will be Haryana's next Lokayukta. His name was recommended by a committee and has been approved by Governor Kaptan Singh Solanki. Justice Aggarwal succeeds Justice Pritam Pal who retired in January.NK Aggarwal  finalised after Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar consulted Chief Justice SJ Vazifdar of the Punjab and Haryana HC, Haryana Speaker Kanwar Pal and Leader of the Opposition Abhay Chautala, who are on the committee. Justice (retd) Agarwal assumed charge of the office of the Judge, High Court of Chhattisgarh, Bilaspur on March 31, 2009. Originally from Bahror, Rajasthan, he did LLB in 1977 from MES College, Bilaspur. He was enrolled as advocate on March 18, 1979 and practiced in District Court, Bilaspur, and High Court of Chhattisgarh, Bilaspur and later on designated as Senior Advocate in 2005.

The Uttar Pradesh government has directed all the district magistrates for plantation of five crore trees at 6,500 sites in 24 hours on a date fixed in month of July under the ‘Green UP - Clean UP’ programme.Chief Secretary Alok Ranjan has directed all DMs that the coding of plantation sites should be done according to IGRS based coding of NIC. All online data of plantation sites should be prepared with the cooperation of NIC to ensure effective district-wise monitoring.All directions have been issued through a circular.That district tree-plantation committee, formed under the chairmanship of DM with the Zonal Forest Officer as its member secretary, would implement this programme.A control room would be set up at district level by District tree-plantation committees for efficient execution of the programme, it would be monitored by Zonal Forest Officer.National Informatics Centre (NIC) was established in 1976, and has since emerged as a "prime builder" of e-Government / e-Governance applications up to the grassroots level as well as a promoter of digital opportunities for sustainable development. NIC, through its ICT Network, "NICNET", has institutional linkages with all the Ministries /Departments of the Central Government, 36 State Governments/ Union Territories, and about 688 District administrations of India.

India has offered to invest upto $20 billion in Iran announced by Dharmendra Pradhan Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradha during his two day visit to Iran. This was the first visit by an Indian minister since the US and other western powers lifted sanctions against Iran in January.The Iranian side that Indian companies could invest up to $20 billion and were interested in setting up petrochemical and fertilizer plants, including in the Chabahar Special Economic Zone, either through joint ventures between Indian and Iranian public sector companies or with private sector partners.India was also keen to set up a gas cracker unit and a liquefied petroleum gas extraction unit in Chabaharand ways of transporting gas to India from Iran including through a planned Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline were discussed. The two sides also discussed the award of rights to Indian firms to develop Farzad-B gas fields and the pending payments by Indian refiners towards Iran’s oil purchases.

The UN-backed ceasefire between Shi’ite Houthi rebels in Yemen and the Saudi-led coalition supporting government forces came into force in Yemen from midnight of 10 April 2016. All the sides have promised to stick to the ceasefire deal.Saudi-led coalition supporting government forces said, it will respect the ceasefire but reserves the right to respond to any rebel attacks.Saudi Arabia launched military operation against Houthi rebels in Yemen : Iranian-backed Houthi rebels, who seized much of Yemen in 2014 including the capital Sanaa, have also said they will respect the truce.The truce is aimed at giving a boost to the peace talks scheduled for 18 April 2016 in Kuwait, where the rebels will discuss the peace terms with the government of internationally recognised President Abd Rabu Mansour Hadi.Further it seeks to allow the resumption of inclusive political dialogue in line with UN Security Council resolution 2216 (2015) and other relevant Council resolutions.More than 6000 people have been killed and 2 million were displaced in more than a year of fighting between the two sides. A further 20 people were reportedly killed in clashes on 10 April 2016, hours before the truce was due to come into effect.UNSC adopted Resolution 2201 demanding Houthis withdrawal from Yemen’s government institutions : As per United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)  reports, a year of conflict in Yemen has left an estimated 3.4 million women of reproductive age between 15 and 49 years in need of humanitarian assistance.Of these 500000 are pregnant and will give birth within the next nine months. But, the lack of reproductive health services and supplies can lead to an estimated 1000 maternal deaths among 68000 pregnant women. These 68000 women are at the risk of life-threatening complications during childbirth.Comment and Analysis : Ongoing Yemeni civil war (from 2015 to present) may be termed as Saudi-Iran proxy war. This conflict is different from all previous conflicts in Yemen’s history, as this war is not contained to any particular region but has extended from border to border as well as center, as the capital city has been lost by government and at present is in the hands of Houthis, also known as the Ansarallah.This conflict can be ended and the peace talks can provide a political solution to it only if the international community pressures the parties involved in the war to reach peace. International community pressure is needed because limiting the negotiations to the rebels and government will not help in lasting the resolution, if any, that will be reached in Kuwait.  A durable solution should incorporate the involvement of all parties, including civil society.

Chinese researchers have developed Graphene based all-weather solar cell that can generate electricity even during rains. The new approach for making an all-weather solar cell by using the ‘wonder material’ graphene was developed by the team of researchers from the Ocean University of China and Yunnan Normal University.The new all-weather solar cell is made up of highly efficient dye-sensitised solar cell coated with a very thin film of graphene. Graphene is a two-dimensional (2D) form of carbon in which the atoms are bonded into a honeycomb arrangement. Chinese researchers had used the phenomenon of graphene’s behavioural changes in aqueous solution. In aqueous solution graphene can bind positively charged ions with its electrons. Researchers used this to obtain power from the impact of raindrops on graphene electrodes. At the point of contact between the grapheme and raindrop, water becomes enriched in positive ions and the graphene becomes enriched in delocalised electrons. It results in a feature known as a pseudocapacitor i.e. double-layer made of electrons and positively charged ions. It also results in generating difference in potential associated, i.e. a phenomenon is sufficient to produce a voltage and current.

Sri Lankan Government has formally announced the resumption of work on the stalled Chinese Colombo Port City project. The announcement was made in the Joint Statement by China and Sri Lanka at the conclusion of the official state visit of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe to Beijing.Both sides will use the Chinese initiative to develop a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road to advance infrastructure development in Sri Lanka. China has pledged fresh support to the Sri Lanka in infrastructure development. Both sides will also advance development the China-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement (FTA) negotiations, promote joint ventures and expand cooperation in the areas of economy, culture, science and technology.Sri Lankan Government’s announcement comes at a time when the island country is facing a debt crisis with looming repayments of Chinese infrastructure loans. China is stressing on cooperating with Sri Lanka in further developing the infrastructure. While the Sri Lanka has committed to revive the Chinese Port City Project in order to work out solutions to ward off immediate Chinese loan repayment concerns.

Investigative journalist Khadija Ismayilova of Azerbaijan on 8 April 2016 was chosen for the UNESCO or Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2016.The Prize will be awarded during the celebration of World Press Freedom Day 3 May 2016 hosted by Finland.An independent international jury of media professionals recommended Ismayilova in recognition of her outstanding contribution to press freedom in difficult circumstances.Ismayilova, a freelance journalist and contributor to the Azerbaijani service of Radio Free Europe, was detained in December 2014, and, in September 2015, was sentenced to seven and a half years’ imprisonment on charges relating to abuse of power and tax evasion.The Prize was established by UNESCO’s Executive Board in 1997 to honour a person, organization or institution that has made an outstanding contribution to the defence and, or promotion of press freedom anywhere in the world, and especially when this has been achieved in the face of danger.It is funded by the Cano Foundation (Colombia) and the Helsingin Sanomat Foundation (Finland). The prize includes 25000 US dollars cash Prize in honour of Guillermo Cano Isaza, a Colombian journalist who was assassinated in front of the offices of his newspaper, El Espectador, in Bogotá, on 17 December 1986.

At least 110 people were charred to death in a fire accident at Puttingal Devi temple on 10 April 2016 during a festival at Paravur in Kollam district of Kerala. More than 380 injured were admitted to various hospitals.The tragedy struck around 3.30 am during display of fireworks at the temple complex, which is around 70 kms from the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The fire has now been brought under control.Chief Minister Oommen Chandy who rushed to the disaster spot has asked the chief secretary to write to the Election Commission for exempting the treatment to the injured from the purview of the Election Code of Conduct.The state’s Home Minister Ramesh Chennithala has ordered a detailed inquiry into the fireworks disaster. The district administration has set up a control room number with number 0474-251-2344.Besides, Kerala government ordered a judicial inquiry by a retired High Court Judge along with an investigation by Crime Branch of the State Police in the Puttingal Devi temple fire tragedy. Police have registered a case for allegedly storing fire  crackers ten times more than what was permitted. While, the Union Government said that the Petroleum Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) was sent to the temple to probe the use and storage of firecrackers there. It will be assisted by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion to establish facts with the help of district authorities.

Dadasaheb Phalke Film Foundation on 10 April 2016 announced that Priyanka Chopra to be conferred with Dadasaheb Phalke Film Foundation Award 2016 in best actress of the year category.She bagged the award for her performance in the bollywood movie Bajirao Mastani. This will be second award for Priyanka from the Foundation. She received her first award in 2011 for the film Saath Khoon Maaf.She will be honoured with the best actress award on the occasion of 147th birth Anniversary of Dadasaheb Phalke. The ceremony will be held in Mumbai on 24 April 2016.Apart from this award, Priyanka Chopra has also been awarded with Padma Shri in 2016. She also became the first South Asian actor to win People's Choice Awards (Favourite actress) for her American TV show Quantico. She also went on to present the Oscars in 2016.The award is given by the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting for outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema. The Award consists of a Swarn Kamal, a cash prize of 10 lakhs rupees and a shawl.The 47th Dadasaheb Phalke Award was awarded to the veteran film actor and director Manoj Kumar for the year 2015.

Former Union Minister and Congress leader C Silvera died on 9 April 2016 in Tuikhuahtlang, Aizawl district of Mizoram. He died of heart failure. He was 81.He was inducted as Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare in 1994 and afterwards was allotted industry portfolio.  He was the longest serving member of Parliament from the Mizoram (Lok Sabha constituency). He was the first and so far the only Mizo to be in the union council of ministers.Born on 6 May 1935, Silvera earned his MBBS degree from Christian Medical College in Vellore in 1964.  Before joining politics, he was appointed as the first Medical Superintendent at Christian Hospital Serkawn, a hospital under Baptist Missionary Society (BMS), London and later under Baptist Church of Mizoram.He was elected member of Rajya Sabha for the term 1984-1990 from Mizoram. He was member of 9th, 10th and 11th Lok Sabha.

Malaysia’s badminton star Lee Chong Wei has won 2016 Malaysian Open title in the men’s single category. In the final held at Kuala Lumpur, Lee defeated Chen Long (world number 1) of China in straight games 21-13, 21-8 in a match that lasted 42 minutes. It was Chong Wei’s overall 11th Malaysia Open title after having won in 2004, 2005, 2006 and consecutively from 2008-2014. Other category winners of 2016 Malaysian Open Women’s singles Title: It was won by Ratchanok Intanon (Thailand). Men’s doubles Title: It was won by South Korean pair, Kim Gi-jung and Kim Sa-rang. Women’s doubles Title: It was won by Chinese pair, Tang Yuanting and Yu Yang. Mixed doubles Title: It was won by Indonesian pair, Tontowi Ahmad and Liliyana Natsir.

Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced his resignation in the wake of a months-long political crisis. His resignation was approved by the President Petro Poroshenko and has selected Parliament speaker Volodymyr Groysman to assume the Prime Minister post. Mr Yatsenyuk had entered in office since former pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych was ousted in February 2014 during the Crimean crisis. His resignation comes after his government was accused of inaction and corruption which had led to the political crisis. His government was also criticised for the slow pace of reforms and the abysmal state of the economy. It is also believed that the political crisis had paralysed the government and frozen the release of vital Western aid especially from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Earlier in February 2016, Arseniy Yatsenyuk’s Government had narrowly survived no-confidence vote in the Ukrainian parliament after he was accused of allegedly sidelining the government’s reform efforts, which prompted President Poroshenko to ask for his resignation.

Pakistan has test fired anti-ship surface to sea “Zarb” missile from the coastal areas successfully. It hit its target in the Arabian Sea after it was fired from a strategic point located at a coastal area. The missile was formally inducted into Pakistan Navy‘s defence system soon after the test. Key facts Zarb means hit in Urdu language. It is the Chinese C-602.Missile which is export version of the YJ-62. The C-602 is claimed to have a range of 280 kms and weighs around 300 kg. It has semi-armour-piercing warhead and GPS guidance.Zarb means hit in Urdu language. It is the Chinese C-602.Missile which is export version of the YJ-62. The C-602 is claimed to have a range of 280 kms and weighs around 300 kg. It has semi-armour-piercing warhead and GPS guidance.The missile’s successful test is considered as an addition into Pakistani Navy’s strategic power and demonstrated its combat capabilities, combat preparedness and an important step towards further strengthen its seaward defence.

NASA’s Kepler spacecraft has gone into emergency mode (EM) some 75 million miles from Earth. The lowest operational mode EM of the spacecraft was discovered during a scheduled contact for undertaking microlensing observing campaign. Initial indications shows that Kepler had entered EM before mission operations began the manoeuvre to orient the spacecraft to point towards the centre of the Milky Way. Kepler spacecraft hunts for Earth-like planets orbiting other stars. It was launched in March 2009. Since its launch, the mission has been incredibly successful and has led to finding of more than 1,000 alien planets of which half are exoplanets to be ever discovered.

For the first time, United Nations (UN) will observe the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, father of the Indian Constitution on April 13, 2016, a day before his date of birth. The main focus of this observance will be on combating inequalities to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The 125th birth anniversary Dr. Ambedkar will be commemorated at the UN headquarters in New York by the Permanent Mission of India to the UN, in association with the Kalpana Saroj Foundation and Foundation For Human Horizon.A panel discussion will be organised on the topic “Combating inequalities for the achievement of SDGs”. It prime objective will be of raising awareness of the importance of addressing all forms of inequality for achieving the SDGs. United Nations Development Group Chair and Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme Helen Clark will deliver the keynote speech.The landmark 2030 Agenda for SDG recognises that combating inequality within and among countries, creating sustained, inclusive and sustainable growth and fostering inclusion are interdependent. The vision of Dr. Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian Constitution, to achieve social justice and equality also finds resonance in the core message of the 2030 Agenda.

Pakistan and China have launched a joint bilateral air force exercise named Shaheen (Eagle) 5 in Pakistan. This is the fifth edition of such drill between the two countries that will take place from April 9 to 30, 2016. This edition of exercise seeks to boost bilateral relations between all-weather friends China and Pakistan. For its part Pakistan wants to upgrade its air force, now dependent on a mostly outmoded fleet of US, French and Chinese fighter jets.The first edition of Shaheen drill was held in Pakistan in March 2011, the second in China’s western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in September 2013 and the third was held in Punjab, Pakistan, in May 2014. Shaheen-4 i.e. fourth edition of the bilateral exercise was held in China last in 2015. It had featured fighters, fighter bombers as well as airborne early warning and control aircraft.

The IIT (Indian Institute of Technology)-Kharagpur has won the National Intellectual Property (IP) Award in the academic institutes category. The institute will be awarded the prize Top Academic Institute for Patents 2016 by the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry on the occasion of World IP Day i.e. 26 April 2016. IIT- Kharagpur’s ‘100 patents drive’ initiative had played pivotal role for winning this award. Under it IP Portal was launched to simplify the process of patent filing by students as well as professors who have done some substantial research within the institute.National IP Awards : The Indian Intellectual property office (IIPO) under the aegis of Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry confers national intellectual property awards. These awards are bestowed every year on outstanding innovators, organisations and companies in the fields of patents, designs, trademarks, and geographical indications on the occasion of World IP Day. The award carries an amount of 1,00,000 rupees, a citation and a memento.

The Indian women’s hockey team ended a close 1-0 victory over Canada in a classification game of the Hawke’s Bay Cup in Hastings, New Zealand.This comes after the hockey team could never recover from three early setbacks and ended up losing the Hawke’s Bay Cup quarter final1-3 to Japan.India had come into the match searching for their first victory against the Canadian team and the first half was played out evenly between both teams.Lilima Minz finally broke the deadlock with a brilliant bit of individual play, as she dribbled into the circle and beat the keeper with a sharp shot to give India the lead.The victory meant they next play for the 5th-6th place, an improvement on their last showing at the tournament.India will take Ireland in the classification game on April 10.The Hawke’s Bay Cup is an invitational eight-nation tournament as part of thefestival of hockey in New Zealand.The Hawkes Bay Festival of Hockey takes place in Napier on New Zealand’s North Island from the 11th -19th April. The event includes the Hawkes Bay Cup, an 8-Nations Women’s International tournament featuring Argentina, Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea, New Zealand and U.S.A.

Centre has released its share of funds to the tune of Rs 12,230 crore to the states for the rural job flagship scheme under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Gurantee Act (MGNREGA), days after the Supreme Court pulled it up for not releasing adequate funds for the scheme.Ministry sources said that this is the biggest amount for the scheme released in one go by the ministry.The Minister also underlined that this fund release will take care of the pending wage liability of the States for the previous Financial Year (2015-16) and help the States to run the Programme during the new Financial Year (2016-17).The Ministry has also planned to maintain 60:40 wage-material ratio at the District level now to ensure creation of good quality assets in the rural areas.To avoid the delay in payment of wages, the Cabinet made decision to introduce National electronic Fund Management System (NeFMS) in this fiscal.In 2016-17 the States have also proposed to construct 33 lakh Individual House Hold Latrines (IHHL) as part of Swachh Bharat Mission and 63,000 Anganwadi centre buildings to strengthen rural infrastructure.MGNREGA, which is the largestwork guarantee programme in the world, was enacted in 2005 with the primary objective of guaranteeing 100 days of wageemployment per year.The government has increased the number of workdays under the rural job guarantee scheme from 100 to 150 in drought-affected areas.Employment must be provided with 15 days of being demanded failing which an ‘unemployment allowance’ must be given.

Navanetham Pillay, South Africa's first non-white woman judge who is of Indian origin, has been conferred upon the highest French civilian honour.Pillay, 74, was the first non-white woman judge of the high court of South Africa and has also served as president of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda which tried leaders of a genocide that left nearly a million people dead.Pillay is presently the 16th commissioner of the Madrid-based International Commission against the Death Penalty, which works with the United Nations and other bodies in promoting the abolition of capital punishment.She was the first non-white woman judge of the high court of South Africa and has also served as president of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda which tried leaders of a genocide.A former UN high commissioner for human rights, Pillay became the first non-white woman to open her own law practice in Natal Province where she was born.Navanetham Pillay is of Tamil descent and her father was a bus driver also she was born in Durban.She holds a master of law and a doctorate of juridical science from Harvard University.Pillay in 2009 named as the 64th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes.She co-founded Equality Now, an international women’s rights organisation, in South Africa and has been involved with other organisations working on issues relating to children, detainees, victims of torture and of domestic violence.South Africa is often referred to as the Rainbow Nation to describe the country’s newly developing multicultural diversity. The country has 3 official capitals Pretoria (Administrative) Cape Town (Legislative)Bloemfontein (Judicial).

Britain’s Anthony Joshua won the International Boxing Federation heavyweight title in London with a second-round knockout of Charles Martin.Joshua became the first boxer in history to hold the Olympic super-heavyweight crown and a version of the world heavyweight title simultaneously with his stunning triumph at the O2 Arena, a few miles from where he won gold at the London 2012 Games.The new Heavy weight Champion who turned professional in October 2013, is fifth quickest heavyweight to win a version of the world title and is Britain’s second reigning world heavyweight champion.Anthony Joshua is a British professional.He is the current IBF heavyweight champion, and also holds the British and Commonwealth heavyweight titles.As anamateur he won a gold medal in the super heavyweight division at the 2012 Olympics, and silver at the 2011 World Championships.The IBF is preceded by the United States Boxing Association.The modern International Boxing Hall of Fame located in New York.

Union Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Krishan Pal Gurjar April 9,2016,the Centre has decided to issue universal identification cards for physically handicapped people across the country.Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has decided to issue universal identification card for physically handicapped people. Some states do not accept cards of other states which leads to inconvenience. Thus, to shun this, the Centre has decided to issue universal cards.Ministry has also decided to provide motor-operated wheel chairs for beneficiaries at subsidised prices.The Ministry has asked government departments in 50 cities to provide ramps for easy entry for the physically handicapped in buildings.The Ministry has been organising health camps in all parliamentary constituencies and till now 113 such camps have been held across the country. Jaipur foot and other equipment have been provided to about 1.14 lakh beneficiaries.At the camp, nearly 400 physically handicapped people were given tricycles, hearing aids, Jaipur foot and callipers.Union Minister M Venkaiah Naidu, AP Health Minister Dr K Srinivas were also present in the camp. COR ARS PRM.The 2011 Census says the number of disabled, which was 2.68 crore that had 1.5 crore males and 1.18 crore females.Rural areas have more disabled people than urban areas. In Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Jammu and Kashmir and Sikkim, the disabled account for 5% of the total population, while Tamil Nadu and Assam are among those where the disabled population is less than 1.75% of the total population.According to the census, 20.3% of the disabled are movement disabled followed by hearing impaired (18.9%) and visually impaired (18.8%). Nearly 5.6% of the disabled population is mentally challenged, a classification introduced in the 2011 census.

Delhi-based Priyadarshini Chatterjee on 9 April 2016 was announced the winner of the FBB Femina Miss India World 2016 at the 53rd edition of the Femina Miss India beauty pageant held in Mumbai. She was crowned the title by Aditi Arya, Femina Miss India 2015.Bangalore girl Sushruthi Krishna emerged as the Femina Miss India Supranational 2016 and Lucknow girl Pankhuri Gidwani was crowned the Femina Miss India Grand International 2016.Chatterjee will now represent India at the Miss World 2016 pageant, Krishna will participate at Miss International 2016, while Gidwani will take part at the Miss Grand International beauty pageants.The winners were chosen by a panel of judges that included Sanjay Dutt and Sania Mirza among others.Beauty with a purpose-Sushruthi Krishna,Best National Costume-Roshmitha Harimurthy,Best Talent-Dnyanda Shringarpure, Gayathri Reddy and Pankhuri Gidwani,Miss Photogenic-Sushruthi Krishna,Miss Body Beautiful-Rajkanya Baruah,Miss Fashion Icon-Aradhana Buragohain and Gayathri Reddy,Miss Rampwalk-Priyadarshini Chatterjee,Miss Congeniality-Natasha Singh,Miss Beautiful Hair-Niharika Anand,Miss Beautiful Eye-Roshmitha Harimurthy,Miss Beautiful Smile-Akshita Yadav,Miss Beautiful Legs-Roshmitha Harimurthy,Miss Healthy Skin-Rajkanya Baruah,Miss Timeless Beauty-Deeksha Kaushal,Miss Active-Vaishnavi Patwardhan,Miss Sudoku-Navpreet Kaur,Miss Lifestyle-Vaishnavi Patwardhan,Miss Vivacious-Dimple Paul.

Haryana government on 8 April 2016 constituted a two-member Commission of Inquiry, headed by former Jammu and Kashmir High Court Chief Justice S N Jha, to probe conspiracy behind violent incidents during Jat agitation from 18 to 23 February 2016. The agitation in form of violence, arson and violation of human rights in Rohtak, Jhajjar, Sonepat, Jind, Hisar, Kaithal and Bhiwani during Jat Reservation Agitation left 30 people dead and heavy damage to property.The commission headed by Justice (Retd.) Jha will have former IPS officer NC Padhi as its member. It has been asked to submit its report within six months from the date of its first hearing. The commission will inquire into facts and circumstances relating to violence leading to loss of lives, damage to properties, both private and public during the agitation in several towns of Haryana.The commission will find out if there was any deep rooted conspiracy, if any, to damage the social fabric of the society. The Commission shall also inquire into the complaints or allegations made before it by any individual or association.It shall devise and specify its own procedure for conduct of the inquiry subject to provisions of the Commissions of Inquiry Act, 1952. The headquarters of the Commission shall be at Chandigarh.

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