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Last Updated: January 23, 2020 5 hours ago

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  • AP passed bills for three capital system in the State

    5 hours ago
    The Andhra Pradesh State Legislative assembly passed the Capital Region Development Authority Repeal Bill 2020 and the Andhra Pradesh Decentralisation and Inclusive Development of all Regions Bill 2020 on 20 January. The bills were aimed to decentralize the state's capital between Amaravati, Visakhapatnam, and Kurnool.  The Decentralization Bill provides the provision to divided the state into various zones and establishing zonal planning and development boards. 3 Capitals: ♦ The three capitals are Amaravati, Visakhapatnam, and Kurnool Amaravati will remain as the legislative capital Vishakhapatnam will remain as the executive capital  Kurnool will remain as the judicial capital.  ♦ Andhra Pradesh state government adopted the three-capital system in order to ensure equal development throughout the state.  Background: The AP state government approved a High Power Committee that reported about decentralizing the capital during a cabinet meeting chaired by chief minister Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy in Amaravati.

    Maharashtra to make Marathi mandate in all schools in the state

    1 day ago
    The Maharashtra government is to make it mandatory to teach the Marathi language in all schools in the state irrespective of mediums of instructions. The announcement was made by the Industries Minister Subhash Desai on 21 January during an interaction organized by the 'Mumbai Marathi Patrakar Sangh'. The government will enact a law during the next Assembly session in February 2020. The draft bill in this connection is being prepared.  Marathi language-Mandatory: ♦ The Maharashtra government is to frame a law in next month's Assembly session. ♦ The state is to make it mandatory to teach the Marathi language from Class 1 to Class 10 in all schools irrespective of media of all instructions. ♦ There are 25,000 English medium schools in the state and the number is increasing.  ♦ The government aims to carry out all its business in Marathi. ♦ It also stated that files without notings in the state language will not be accepted.

    Centre promulgated Ordinance to amend coal mining laws

    10 days ago
    The Central government announced the promulgation of the ordinance for amendment in the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) (MMDR) Act, 1957 and the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015.  Ordinance: On 11 January 2019, the Union Cabinet approved the promulgation of Mineral Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2020. The ordinance aims to ease the auction of coal mines, allow Foreign direct investment (FDI) and enhance ease of doing business. Provisions of the Ordinance: ♦ The amendments Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 will offer unexplored and partially explored coal blocks for mining through prospecting license-cum-mining lease (PL-cum-ML). ♦ It will enable any India-registered company to invest in the coal mining sector and develop coal blocks. The companies must have prior experience of mining in India to bid for the blocks. ♦ It will allow FDI in the coal mining sector by removing the restrictions and eligibility criteria for participation. ♦ Easing restrictions on end-user is expected to open up the coal sector for commercial mining for all local and global firms. ♦ GoI expects to attract investments from Indian and global corporates as Coal India has been tasked to produce one billion tonnes by 2023-24.

    Shri Mansukh Mandaviya hands over Citizenship certificates issued by Government of India to 7 Pakistani Refugees in Kutch

    34 days ago
    Union Minister of State for Shipping (IC) and Chemical & Fertilizers Shri Mansukh Mandaviya handed over the Citizenship certificates issued by the Government of India to 07 Pakistani refugees in Kutch, Gujarat. He met the Pakistani refugees who have taken shelter in Gujarat’s Morbi and Kutch districts of Gujarat. Citizenship Amendment Act The Citizenship Amendment Act will provide a new opportunity in life to the minorities who faced religious persecution in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. The Government efforts to offer them a dignified life in India after they faced extreme harassment for so many years in those countries. The Refugee families gathered on the occasion celebrated the event and Union Minister of State Shri Mansukh Mandavia had a meal with the refugee Sodha family in Kidana village. Importance of Bill The Bill amends the Citizenship Act of 1955 to give eligibility for Indian citizenship to illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, and who entered India on or before 31 December 2014.

    Andhra Assembly passed Bills to set up separate commissions for SCs, STs

    38 days ago
    The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed two Bills, namely Andhra Pradesh State Commission for Schedule Tribes Bill and Andhra Pradesh State Commission for Scheduled Castes Bill on 16 December 2019. The two bills were passed by voice note. Provision of the Bill: ♦ The Bills will enable to set up the separate Commissions for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs).  ♦ The Andhra Pradesh State Commission for ST Bill was tabled by the State Minister for Tribal Welfare Pushpa Srivani. It will allow setting up of separate Commissions to safeguard the interests of STs.  ♦ The Andhra Pradesh State Commission for SC Bill was tabled by Social Welfare Minister P Viswarup.  ♦ The Bill was needed as the State has decided to bifurcate the existing Andhra Pradesh State Commission for SCs and STs into two separate commissions.

    Cabinet approved the 2019 Aircraft Amendment Bill

    40 days ago
    The Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the introduction of the Aircraft (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill amend the Aircraft Act, 1934 (XXII of 1934). Provisions: ♦ The bill will enhance the maximum limit of fine from the existing Rs.10 lakh to Rs.1 crore.  ♦ It will include the regulation of all areas of air navigation to the Aircraft Act, 1934. ♦ It will fulfill the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) by enabling the three regulatory bodies in the Civil Aviation sector in India to become more effective. This will lead to enhancement in the level of safety and security of aircraft operations in the country. The 3 regulatory bodies are Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) and Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB).

    Rajya Sabha passed the 2019 International Financial Services Authority Bill

    40 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the International Financial Services Authority Bill, 2019. The Lok Sabha passed the Bill on 11 December. It is expected that IFSCs will provide Indian companies easier access to global financial markets and also enable the development of financial markets in India. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The bill aims to set up world-class unified regulator for international financial services combining powers and functions of Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDAI) And Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). ♦ The authority comprises a chairperson and one member each nominated by the RBI, SEBI, IRDAI, and PFRDA. ♦ There will also be two members of the central government and full-time or part-time members. ♦ It will regulate all the financial services and products ♦ The authority can recommend any other financial products to the central government as the development of financial services and products in IFSCs requires focused and dedicated regulatory interventions.

    AP approved the draft Disha Act

    40 days ago
    The Andhra Pradesh Cabinet approved the draft Disha Act to ensure rape verdicts in 21 days. Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy announced that the State government will make amendments to the AP Criminal Law Act to hand out harsh punishments after a swift process. Provisions: ♦ The act provides harsher punishments, including the death sentence, to those guilty of heinous crimes against women.  ♦ The Bill called for completion of trial in 21 days and awarding death sentences in rape cases.  ♦ The Act covers sexual offences against women and children, harassment of women and acid attacks.  ♦ The state government is to set up special courts in districts to try the cases related to attacks, sexual offences on children and women. ♦ Sexual abuse and attacks on children would attract 354(F), with punishments ranging from 14 years in jail to life term.  ♦ It also decided to slap cases on people who slander women in social media. First-time offenders could face a two-year jail term, while a repeat offence could attract double the punishment.

    Lok Sabha passed the 2019 Sanskrit Central Universities Bill

    41 days ago
    Lok Sabha passed the Sanskrit Central Universities Bill, 2019 on 12 December 2019. The  Bill was initiated by the Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank'. Provisions: ♦ The bill seeks to set up central Sanskrit universities. ♦ The Bill also seeks to convert three deemed Sanskrit universities into central universities. The three universities are Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, the Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth in New Delhi and the Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth in Tirupati. ♦ The approval will grant power to the universities to affiliate to colleges and attract more students from within India and abroad. Note: The Sansthan was established in 1970. Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth was set up in 1962. The Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth in Tirupati was established in 1961. Later, all three universities were granted deemed university status by the UGC.

    Rajya Sabha passed the bill to extend the reservation for SC, ST by 10 more years

    41 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed a Constitution amendment bill to extend reservation to SCs and STs in Lok Sabha and state assemblies by another 10 years. The bill was passed by Lok Sabha on 10 December. The bill will now be sent to the states for ratification by 50% of the assemblies before it comes into force. Provisions: Reservation for members of Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) was given for the past 70 years in Lok Sabha and state assemblies. The reservation is due to end on 25 January 2020.  All those who do not come from the SC/ST communities have also extended help for their welfare. Note: During India's Independence, the population of SC and ST were 5.13 crore and 1.91 crores respectively. As per the 2011 Census data, the SC and population were 20.13 crore and 10.45 crore respectively. In Parliament, there are 84 members from the Scheduled Caste and 47 from the Scheduled Tribe communities. There are 614 SC members and 554 ST members in the state assemblies across India. 

    President gave his assent to the 2019 Citizenship Amendment Bill

    41 days ago
    President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 12 December 2019. The bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955. The Bill was passed in Lok Sabha in January 2019 but lapsed without being cleared in Rajya Sabha. The law came into effect on 12 December. Provisions: ♦ As per the Act, the members of Hindu, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, and Parsi communities who have come from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan till 31 December 2014 will not be treated as illegal immigrants. ♦ The Bill will grant citizenship to non-Muslims from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who came to India before 31 December 2014.   ♦ The Bill will provide citizenship to six communities namely Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis. ♦ It will help the minority communities who face religious persecution. ♦ The government said that the new law will be followed by a National Register of Citizens. Hence, the Muslims must prove they were original residents of India and not refugees from these three countries.

    Lok Sabha passed the 2019 International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill

    42 days ago
    The Lok Sabha passed International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019 on 11 December 2019. The bill aims to set up a unified authority to regulate all financial activities in international financial services centres (IFSCs) in India. The bill was withdrawn in Rajya Sabha. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The bill will amend 14 Acts, including the SEBI Act, the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) Act and the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) Act.  ♦ The bill will bring several regulators together as one unit (an authority) to deal with various institutions that are present in the IFSC ♦ The unified authority will regulate various financial activities in the IFSC ♦ The authority will follow all that processes that are applicable to such financial services, financial products, and financial institutions ♦ All the laws of the land and the unified authority will be subject to audit by the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) and the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG).  ♦ The bill defines various financial products including IT-enabled services in the financial sector.  ♦ As per the bill, there will be a tax holiday only for 10 years in the IFSC after which it will not become a tax haven. ♦ The first IFSC was set up at Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT) in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

    Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill was tabled in Lok Sabha

    43 days ago
    External affairs minister S. Jaishankar introduced the Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill 2019 at Lok Sabha. The bill seeks to provide for stringent punishment, including death penalty or life imprisonment, to those involved in piracy at sea.  Reason: The Bill was introduced after 18 Indians aboard a crude oil carrier were kidnapped off the coast of Nigeria. India is still negotiating to release the kidnapped nationals. Aim: The Bill was introduced with an aim to promote the safety and security of India's maritime trade, and the safety of the crew members. Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill Provision: ♦ The Bill includes a provision of automatic death penalty was against the law. ♦ The Bill said that any person who commits any act of piracy shall be punished with imprisonment for life or with death if such person in committing the act of piracy causes death or an attempt thereof. ♦ The Bill was drafted to keep up with India's commitment to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which concluded in 1982. India had ratified the UNCLOS in 1995. UNCLOS: UNCLOS was signed on 10 December 1982 at Montego Bay, Jamaica. It is the result of the third edition of the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) international agreement. It happened between the year 1973 and 1982. This agreement replaced the quad-treaty 1958 Convention on the High Seas. 157 signatories signed the agreement. The law came into force in 1994.

    Lok Sabha passed the 2019 Recycling of Ships Bill

    50 days ago
    Lok Sabha passed the Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 on 3 December 2019. The Bill was introduced by the Minister of State for Shipping, Mansukh Mandaviya in the lower house. It seeks the restriction of the use of hazardous material on ships and regulates the recycling of ships by establishing a National Authority. Provision: ♦ The Bill seeks to regulate the recycling of ships as per international standards.  ♦ The Bill will help the ship recycling industry and generate more jobs in the country ♦ The Bill prohibits the use of hazardous materials of recycled ships. Use hazardous materials in a ship will be punishable with imprisonment of up to three months or a fine of up to Rs.5 lakh or both. ♦ The National Authority will be the nodal agency to administer, supervise and monitor the recycling operations. ♦ The Bill states that every Ship Recycler must prepare a ship recycling plan which should be approved by the Competent Authority. Only after getting the recycling certificate can the ship be recycled ♦ The Bill is applicable to: ⇒ any new or existing ship which is registered in India,  ⇒ the ships entering a port or terminal in India or the territorial waters of India ​​​​​​​⇒ other ship owned and operated by an administration or any warships that are used on government non-commercial service  ​​​​​​​⇒ ship recycling facilities operating in India.

    Rajya Sabha passed a bill to merge Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu

    50 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019 on 3 December 2019. The Bill aims to merge two Union territories Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli into one unit. The Bill was passed in Lok Sabha on 27 November 2019. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill aims to strengthen the administrative efficiency and the development of the two union territories. ♦ The merger will reduce the administrative cost of the two Union Territories. ♦ The merged Union Territories of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu will be named as Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

    Cabinet passed the 2019 Citizenship Amendment Bill

    50 days ago
    The Union Cabinet headed by PM Modi cleared the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 4 December 2019. The bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955. The Bill will now be introduced in the 2019 winter session of the Parliament. The announcement was made by the Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar. The Bill was passed in Lok Sabha in January 2019 but lapsed without being cleared in Rajya Sabha. Provisions: ♦ The Bill will grant citizenship to non-Muslims from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who came to India before 31 December 2014.   ♦ The Bill will provide citizenship to six communities namely Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis. ♦ It will help the minority communities who face religious persecution.

    Cabinet approves 2019 Personal Data Protection Bill

    50 days ago
    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. It was announced by the Union Minister Prakash Javadekar. It will now be introduced in the 2019 winter session of the Parliament. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill will lay down a framework including the processing of personal and private data by public and private entities. ♦ It will provide broad guidelines on the collection, storage, and processing of personal data ♦ The law will also include the consent of individuals, penalties and compensation, code of conduct and an enforcement model. ♦ The Bill will provide protection to regulate the use of individual data by the government and private companies. ♦ The draft of the Bill was prepared by a high-level expert group chaired by former Supreme Court judge B.N. Srikrishna in 2018.  ♦ The inter-ministerial consultation delayed the passing of the Bill.

    Rajya Sabha passed the SPG Bill

    50 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 27 November 2019. With this amendment, the SPG will provide cover officially only for the Prime Minister. The amendment to the act focuses on the core mandate, as the security of the prime minister is of paramount importance for the government, governance and national security. Special Protection Group (SPG): Special Protection Group was formed in 1988 by an act of the Parliament of India. It is headquartered in New Delhi. The special force provides security to the Prime Minister of India and the former Prime Ministers of India The Director of SPG is Arun Kumar Sinha.

    Rajya Sabha passed the Prohibition of E Cigarettes Bill

    51 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes Bill, 2019. The bill seeks to prohibit the production, trade, transport, storage and advertisement of electronic cigarettes in the country. The bill was passed in Lok Sabha in November 2019. The bill will replace the ordinance issued to ban e-cigarettes in September. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The bill refers to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) as the electronic devices that heat a substance to create vapour for inhalation. ♦ The bill bans e-cigarettes in order to protect the youth from a new intoxication ♦ It makes the production, manufacturing, transport, sale, import, export, distribution, storage or advertisements of such alternative smoking devices a cognizable offence ♦ The offence will attract a jail term and a fine ♦ The violators will get a penalty of jail term up to 3 years and fine up to Rs.5 lakh for violations.  ♦ The violators will have to penalty of jail term up to one year and a fine up to Rs.1 lakh for the first time ♦ For repeat offenders, jail term might extend up to three years and a fine up to Rs.5 lakh ♦ Any individual who stores e-cigarettes will also be punished with jail up to 6 months or fine up to Rs.50,000 or each

    Rajya Sabha passed the 2019 Chit Funds Amendment Bill

    55 days ago
    The Rajya Sabha passed the Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 28 November 2019. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 20 November 2019. The Bill will amend the Chit Funds Act, 1982. The Bill was introduced by the Union Minister of State for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Anurag Singh Thakur. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill will facilitate the orderly growth of the chit fund sector and enable greater financial access to people.  ♦ Under a chit fund, people pay a certain amount from time to time into a fund.  ♦ Periodically, one subscriber will be chosen by drawing a chit to receive the prize amount from the fund. ♦ The Bill will regulate chit funds and ensure timely returns of money.  ♦ The Bill proposed to increase the maximum amount of chit funds. The individuals can collect from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.3 lakh and Firms can collect from Rs.6 lakh to Rs.18 lakh. ♦ The Bill recognizes chit funds under various names, including fraternity fund, Kuri, credit institution, rotating savings, etc.  ♦ It conditioned that at least two subscribers should be present, either physically or via video-conferencing while a chit is drawn.

    Lok Sabha passed a bill to merge Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman

    56 days ago
    The Lok Sabha passed the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019 on 27 November. The Bill awaits Rajya Sabha's approval. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The merger bill seeks to merge the two union territories Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman into one.  ♦ The move after Jammu and Kashmir was divided into two UTs namely Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh. ♦ The two UTs are located along the western coast near Gujarat.  ♦ The mnerger will bring better administration and check duplications of various work. ♦ Dadra and Nagar Haveli one district while Daman and Diu has two districts. ♦ The merger of the UTs of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu into a single UT is for the government to have Minimum Government, Maximum Governance, and considering a small population and limited geographical area of both the Union Territories and to use the services of officers efficiently.

    Lok Sabha passed Special Protection Group Amendment Bill

    56 days ago
    Lok Sabha passed the Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 27 November 2019. The move comes just three months after the Centre pulled out the SPG cover of former prime minister Manmohan Singh. Currently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is the only SPG protectee. SPG (Amendment) Bill 2019: ♦ The Bill will provide security to the Prime Minister and his immediate family residing with him at his official residence.  ♦ It also grants SPG protection to the former Prime Ministers and the members of his immediate family residing with him at his official residence for a period of 5 years. ♦ The amendment to the act focuses on the core mandate, as the security of the prime minister is of paramount importance for the government, governance and national security. Special Protection Group (SPG): Special Protection Group was formed in 1988 by an act of the Parliament of India. It is headquartered in New Delhi. The special force provides security to the Prime Minister of India and the former Prime Ministers of India The Director of SPG is Arun Kumar Sinha.

    Cabinet approved the 2019 Arms Act Amendment Bill

    56 days ago
    Union Cabinet approved the amendment of the old Arms Act on 27 November 2019. The amendment prohibits individuals, with few exceptions, from possessing more than one gun, down from three now.  Arms Act Amendment Bill, 2019: ♦ The Arms Act (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to introduce four different categories of offences into the 1959 Arms Act prescribing jail term of 10 years besides a fine. ♦ As per the amendments, the jail term can go up to life imprisonment for possession of weapons looted from armed forces or police, engagement in organized crime syndicate or illicit trafficking, rash and negligent use of firearms. ♦ It also said that if anyone uses firearms for celebratory gunfire or in a rash and negligent manner, the person shall be punished with two-year imprisonment and a fine up to Rs.1 lakh. ♦ If any person possesses more than one firearm at the commencement of the Arms (Amendment) Act, 2019 should retain one with him and shall deposit the remaining firearms with the officer in charge of the nearest police station within one year from such commencement. ♦ If anyone carries any prohibited arms or prohibited ammunition will be punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than seven years. It might extend up to fourteen years.

    Lok Sabha passed the NID Bill

    56 days ago
    The Lok Sabha passed the National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 26 November. The Bill seeks amendment in the National Institute of Design Act, 2014. The bill was passed in Rajya Sabha on 6 August 2019.  Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill will make the National Institute of Design (NID) in the States of Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Haryana, and Andhra Pradesh as the institutions of national importance. ♦ These institutes are currently registered as Societies under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. These institutes do not have the power to grant degrees or diplomas. The Bill empowers the institutions, as it is declared of national importance, will be able to grant degrees and diplomas. ♦ It will help the four NID institutes to become socially inclusive and address the needs of design in various sectors including agriculture, health care, and transportation.

    Lok Sabha passed a bill to ban E Cigarettes

    56 days ago
    Lok Sabha passed the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (Production, Manufacture, Import, Export, Transport, Sale, Distribution, Storage and Advertisement) Bill, 2019. The bill will replace the ordinance issued on 18 September 2019.  Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The bill aims to ban electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in order to protect the youth from a new intoxication ♦ The Bill makes the production, manufacturing, transport, sale, import, export, distribution, storage or advertisements of such alternative smoking devices a cognizable offence. ♦ The offence will attract a jail term and a fine. ♦ The prohibiter will get a penalty of jail term up to 3 years and fine up to Rs.5 lakh for violations.  ♦ For first time offenders, the penalty will be a jail term up to one year and a fine up to Rs.1 lakh.  ♦ For repeat offenders, jail term might extend up to three years and a fine up to Rs.5 lakh.  ♦ Anyone storing e-cigarettes shall be punished with jail up to 6 months or fine up to Rs.50,000 or each. Background: Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) issued a white paper on e-cigarette and demanded the ban of e-cigarette. Also, a skilled committee from AIIMS and National Centre for sickness science had discovered e-cigarettes contain vasoconstrictive that is very harmful to health. Nearly 36 countries have prohibited the sale of e-cigarettes in their country. Over 460 e-cigarette brands with 7700 flavours are out there within the market.

    RS passed the 2019 Transgender Persons Protection of Rights Bill

    57 days ago
    The Rajya Sabha passed the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 on 26 November 2019. The Bill was moved for consideration and passage in the upper house by Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot on 20 November. The Lok Sabha had passed the Bill on 5 August 2019. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 will provide protection of rights of transgenders ♦ The Bill seeks to provide a mechanism for social, economic and educational empowerment of transgenders ♦ The Bill establishes a national security authority to safeguard the rights of the transgenders ♦ The Bill allows such a person to undergo surgery to change gender. ♦ The application and a certificate from a medical superintendent or chief medical officer of the medical institution where the surgery took place should be given to the district magistrate (DM) for a revised certificate. In the case of a child, his or her parents can file an application for the issuance of an identification certificate. ♦ It removes the provision that criminalized begging by transgender people. ♦ It will benefit the transgender people who are discriminated and abused against the marginalized section of the society ♦ The Bill prohibits discrimination against a transgender person in the field of employment, education, and healthcare ♦ Transgender persons will be able to avail of the benefits of schemes offered by states as well as the Centre. Note: The Supreme Court of India has recognized the transgender community as a third gender along with male and female in April 2014.

    Cabinet approved the bill to grant ownership rights to unauthorized colonies in Delhi

    62 days ago
    The Union Cabinet approved the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Recognition of Property Rights of Residents in Unauthorised Colonies) Bill, 2019. The Bill will be presented in the winter session of Parliament. Provisions of the Bill:  ♦ The bill will provide a legal framework to grant ownership rights to people living in unauthorized colonies in Delhi.  ♦ The proposal is applicable to 1,797 identified unauthorized colonies of the national capital. This area was inhabited by people from lower-income groups. ♦ The Bill will now allow the registration of properties and provide certain relief to the residents the unauthorized colonies in Delhi from registration charges and stamp duty.

    Cabinet approved the extension of pharmaceuticals purchase policy

    63 days ago
    The Union Cabinet has approved the renewal and extension of the Pharmaceuticals Purchase Policy (PPP) for pharmaceutical Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) till their closure and strategic disinvestment on 20 November. Benefits: ♦ The extension will help the pharma CPSUs in the optimum utilization of their existing facilities.  ♦ It will enable them to generate revenues to pay salaries to their employees and help them in keeping the costly, sophisticated machinery in running condition. It will result in higher returns at the time of disposal in case of CPSUs under closure and better valuation in the case of CPSUs under disinvestment. History: On 30 October 2013, Pharmaceuticals Purchase Policy (PPP) was approved by the Cabinet for a period of five years in respect of 103 medicines manufactured by pharma CPSUs and their subsidiaries. The policy can be applied to the purchases by the departments of Central and State Government and their Public Sector Undertakings etc.

    Cabinet approved introduction of 2019 Industrial Relations Code in Parliament

    63 days ago
    The Union Cabinet approved the introduction of the Industrial Relations Code, 2019, in the Parliament. The draft code on Industrial Relations was prepared after amalgamating, simplifying, and rationalizing the relevant provisions of following three Central Labour Acts namely: ♦ The Trade Unions Act, 1926 ♦ The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 ♦ The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 Benefits of the Bill: ♦ The Bill will set up of two-member tribunal instead of one member and introduce a concept that some important cases will be adjudicated jointly and the rest by a single member resulting in speedier disposal of cases. ♦ The Bill will let the re-skilling fund to be utilized for crediting to workers in the manner to be prescribed. ♦ Fixed Term Employment would not lead to any notice period, and payment of compensation on retrenchment excluded. ♦ It will empower the government officers to adjudicate disputes involving penalty as fines, thereby lessening the burden on the tribunal.

    Cabinet approves 2019 Taxation Laws Amendment Bill

    63 days ago
    The PM Narendra Modi-led Union Cabinet approved the proposal for introducing the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill replaces the Ordinance that was promulgated in September 2019. The Ordinance made certain amendments in the Income-Tax (IT) Act 1961 and the Finance (No.2) Act 2019. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The reduction of the rate of corporate income tax by many countries world over necessitated the provision of additional fiscal stimulus to attract investment, generate employment, and boost the economy. ♦ For growth and investment: A new provision was inserted in the IT Act to promote growth and investment with effect from the current financial year 2019-20.  Existing domestic company: Under this provision, an existing domestic company can opt to pay tax at 22% plus surcharge at 10% and cess at 4%, if the firm does not claim any incentive or deduction. The effective tax rate for the companies was reduced to 25.17% and will not be subjected to Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT). ♦ To attract fresh investment: Another provision was inserted in the IT Act to attract fresh investment in manufacturing. It aims to provide a boost to Make in India initiative of the Government. New domestic manufacturing company: Under the amendment, a domestic manufacturing company that is set up on or after 1 October 2019 and which commences manufacturing by 31 March 2023 should pay tax at 15%, surcharge at 10%, and cess at 4% if it does not claim any incentive or deduction. The effective rate of tax has been fixed at 17.16% and is not subjected to MAT. ♦ A company that does not opt for the concessional tax regime and avails the tax exemption and incentive shall continue to pay tax at the pre-amended rate. These companies can avail of the concessional tax regime after the expiry of their tax holiday and exemption period. After the exercise, these companies shall be liable to pay tax at the rate of 22%. The rate of MAT was reduced from existing 18.5% to 15%.

    Cabinet approved the establishment of NISR at Leh

    63 days ago
    The Union Cabinet led by PM Narendra Modi approved the establishment of the National Institute for SOWA-RIGPA in Leh, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of AYUSH on 20 November 2019. Aim: The Bill aims to Sowa-Rigpa system of medicine in Leh consequent to the formation of Ladakh as Union Territory and for the promotion of the native culture of Ladakh. The Institute is aimed to bring a valid and useful synergy between Traditional Wisdom of Sowa-Rigpa and modern science, tools, and technology.  It will promote interdisciplinary research and education of Sowa-Rigpa. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill will empower the Ministry to create the post of Director in Level-14, Rs.1,44,200-2,18,200 (Pre-revised Rs.37,000-67000 + Grade Pay of Rs.10000). The directors will monitor the implementation of the project from the construction stage itself. ♦ It has allocated as the estimated cost of Rs.47.25 crore. Sowa-Rigpa:  Sowa-Rigpa is a traditional Medical system of the Himalayas in India. The system has been popularly practised in Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Himachal Pradesh, Union Territory of Ladakh. Currently, the system is practiced across India. NISR: ♦ The establishment of the National Institute of Sowa-Rigpa would provide an impetus for the revival of Sowa-Rigpa in the Indian Sub-continent.  ♦ It will provide opportunities for students of Sowa-Rigpa in India and from other countries. ♦ It will provide quality education, scientific validation, quality control, and standardization and safety evaluation of Sowa-Rigpa products ♦ It will promote interdisciplinary research and education of Sowa-Rigpa at undergraduate, postgraduate, and postdoctoral levels. ♦ The autonomous National Institute will function under the Ministry of AYUSH in collaboration with premier national and international Institutes. It will facilitate the integration of different systems of medicine. ♦ It is expected that the Central University of Tibetan Studies. Sarnath, Varanasi, and Central Institute of Buddhist Studies, Leh, Union Territory of Ladakh, which functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Culture and NISR, will be established.

    TN became the first state to enact a law on contract farming

    86 days ago
    President Ram Nath Kovind approved the Tamil Nadu Agricultural Produce and Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2019. The Bill aims to set a policy framework and institutional mechanism on agricultural produce and livestock contract farming. With the Bill approved, TN state becomes the first state to enact the law on contract farming The Bill was adopted by the Tamil Nadu State government in February 2019. The Bill is first-of-its-kind legislation that assures farm income. Contract farming: Besides poultry, there was contract farming of sugarcane and herbs. But, until now, there was no law to ensure the welfare of the farmers involved in it. To benefit the marginal farmers, the Tamil Nadu state government came up with such legislation. It is also expected that Contract farming will also lead to a good understanding between farmers and farm-based industries. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill will provide protection to farmers or related groups to carry out a transaction of their farm or livestock production with a processing firm on the rate arrived at on the date of entering into the contract. ♦ The bill will provide protection to farmers from price fluctuations. ♦ It will also allow procuring firms or food processing industries to avail of quality produce from farmers or farmer groups. ♦ The Bill also has provisions to penalize firms or the procurer for possible violations of the contract and provide relief to farmers.

    DNA Regulation bill referred to the parliamentary standing committee

    93 days ago
    The DNA Technology Regulation Bill has been referred to a parliamentary standing committee for examination. The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019, was passed by the Lok Sabha on July 2019. Rajya Sabha Chairman M Venkaiah Naidu presented the Bill to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests.  Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill aims to control the use of DeoxyriboNucleic Acid (DNA) technology to establish the identity of a type of categories of persons, including offenders, victims, suspects, and undertrials. ♦ The Bill will also help to confirm the missing persons and unknown deceased persons.

    Centre to amend the Indian Arms Act

    104 days ago
    Union Home Ministry proposed amendments to the Indian Arms Act, 1959. The Ministry also submitted the draft for the act. The draft Arms (Amendment) Act 2019 was aimed at curtailing the proliferation of arms and ammunition. Amendments: ♦ The ministry proposed a new section, 25 (6) for the prohibition of firearms or ammunition by members of an organised crime syndicate.  ♦ The penalty includes a minimum punishment of 10 years in prison and maximum punishment of life imprisonment till death. ♦ The draft of the proposed law covers five new areas namely illegal trafficking of arms, tracking arms and their components from manufacturers to end-users, organized crime, organized crime syndicates, and celebratory firing. The punishment for these offences differs accordingly.

    President approved the NMC Bill

    166 days ago
    President Ram Nath Kovind gave assent to the National Medical Commission Bill 2019. The Bill will replace the Medical Council of India (MCI), which was functional as per the Indian Medical Council (IMC) Act, 1956.  NMC Bill 2019: The National Medical Commission (NMC) will form the apex regulatory body for medical education in India. The commission will ensure the quality of the medical colleges and every institute will now be rated. One of the provisions of the bill included the appointment of the Board of Governors to perform the functions.

    RS passed the Public Premises Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants Amendment Bill

    168 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Amendment Bill, 2019 on 6 August. The Bill which amends the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971 was introduced by the Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs, Mr. Hardeep Singh Puri. He presented it in Lok Sabha on July 8, 2019. Provisions of the Bill: Residential accommodation: The Bill says that for residential accommodation the license must be given for a fixed tenure, or for the period the person holds office. Notice for eviction: It empowers the central, state or union territory government, or a statutory authority to make rules for the occupation. It says the notice of eviction should be issued by an estate officer. The person (Unauthorised Occupant) will be given three working days to show cause of why an eviction order should not be made against him. Order of eviction: The order of eviction will be issued by the estate officer after considering the cause shown, and making any other inquiries. It the person opposes to comply with the order, the officer can use force to evict the person. Payment of damages: If the person in unauthorised occupation of the residential accommodation challenges the eviction order passed by the estate officer in court, he will be required to pay damages for every month of such occupation.

    RS passed the National Institute of Design Amendment Bill

    168 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019. It was introduced by Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal. The Bill sought to amend the National Institute of Design Act, 2014. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill declares four National Institutes of Design, from states namely Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, and Haryana, as institutions of national importance.  ♦ These institutes were registered as Societies under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. These institutes do not have the power to grant degrees or diplomas. As the four institutes are now declared institutions of national importance, the institutes will be allowed to grant degrees and diplomas. ♦ The institutes will become socially inclusive and address the needs of design in various sectors including agriculture, health care, and transportation.

    RS passed the SC Number of Judges Amendment Bill

    168 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Amendment Bill, 2019. The Bill seeks to increase the number of Supreme Court judges from 30 to 33, excluding the Chief Justice of India (CJI). The move is to reduce the pendency of cases which touched 59,696.  The Bill was passed by Lok Sabha on 5th August. The SC (Number of Judges) Amendment Bill was introduced by Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad.  The total expenditure estimated to create additional three posts of Judges, including their staff, housing, water, electricity, medical and conveyance among others, in the Supreme Court will be of Rs.6.81 crore per annum.   Indian Constitution says the strength of the Supreme Court is fixed by the Parliament. The Strength of the SC judges can be increased by way of parliamentary legislation.

    President Ram Nath Kovind gives assent to the abrogation of article 370 of Jammu and Kashmir

    169 days ago
    President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the abrogation of Article 370. It will now revoke the special status to Jammu and Kashmir. The resolution to revoke Article 370 was passed by Lok Sabha on 6 August. It was passed by Rajya Sabha on 5th August. The notice issued by the President said that as from 6th August, 2019, all clauses mentioned in Article 370. President's approval notification: President approved the Bill in exercise of the power conferred by clause (3) of article 370 read with (1) of article 370 of the Constitution of India. The notification also said that all provisions of this Constitution, as amended from time to time, without any modifications or exceptions, shall apply to the State of J&K. It will not notwithstand anything contrary contained in article 152 or article 308 or any other article of the Constitution or any other provision of the Constitution of J&K or any law, document, judgement, ordinance, order, by-law, rule, or agreement as envisaged under article 363 or otherwise.

    President gives assent to the AERA Amendment Bill

    169 days ago
    President Ram Nath Kovind approved the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (AERA) (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The Bill was passed by Rajya Sabha on 2nd August and by the Lok Sabha on 16th July 2019. Aim: The Bill sought to raise the threshold for major airport and inturn to reduce the tariff-fixing power of airport regulator to fewer airports.  Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill increased the threshold of annual passenger traffic for major airports to over 35 lakh.  ♦ As per the Bill, AERA can no more determine the tariff, tariff structures, or development fees, in certain cases where the tariff amounts were a part of the bid document on the basis of which the operations of the airport were awarded. AERA will consult with the concessioning authority of the Ministry of Civil Aviation before incorporating such tariffs in the bid document, and such tariffs must be notified. Note: Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008 defines Major Airport as an airport with annual passenger traffic above 15 lakh. Cons of the Bill: Bidding system and privatisation of the airports and  would impact the growth rate of the sector, which is growing at around 10%. The Bill will make the air ticket costlier which inturn will affect the government's target to take the air travel to the common man. History: The AERA (Amendment) Bill was approved by the Cabinet in December 2017 but got lapsed as it could not be passed in last year’s Monsoon Session as the first tenure of Modi government ended. In the second term of the NDA government,the Cabinet approved the Bill on June 24.

    Rajasthan passes bill against honour killing

    169 days ago
    Rajasthan State Legislative Assembly passed the Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019 on 5th August. The Bill was introduced by the Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shanti Dhariwal. The Bill aims to curb incidents of honour killing in the State. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill provides punishment of life imprisonment or death penalty for murdering couples in the name of family honour ♦ If the community or family cause death of a couple or either of them, on the grounds of dishonour or disrepute to the caste, community or family will be punished with death or life imprisonment and a penalty of maximum Rs.5 Lakh ♦ If the couple is grievously hurt, the community or the family will be punished with 10 years of rigorous imprisonment for life with a penalty of maximum Rs.3 lakh ♦ Incase of simple injuries, the community or the family will be punished with 3-5 years of imprisonment with a penalty of maximum Rs.2 lakh ♦ The Bill also said that the District or Sub Divisional Magistrate shall receive information or request from any person who seeks protection from any unlawful assembly or person who objects lawful marriage ♦ The Bill also says that a group can not assemble with an intention to  condemn any lawful marriage in the name of vindicating the honour of family, caste or community. Participating in such groups directly or indirectly will be punished with maximum 5 years of imprisonment and a penalty of maximum Rs.1 lakh

    Lok Sabha gives nod to legislation that bans commercial surrogacy

    170 days ago
    Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, which seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and allows only close relatives of infertile couples to volunteer for “ethical altruistic" reasons. The bill and it is unfortunate that the country had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy in recent years. During the discussion on the bill.There are 2,000-3000 surrogacy clinics running illegally in India and a few thousand foreign couples resort to surrogacy practice within India, and the whole issue is thoroughly unregulated. The concerning unethical practices, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy and exploitation of surrogate mothers.The minister cited the 228th report of the Law Commission recommended that the government enact a legislation to ensure that commercial surrogacy is banned in this country and there is only restrictive surrogacy. Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019,  The bill also aims to constitute surrogacy boards at the national and state levels. The bill aims to allow ethical altruistic surrogacy for infertile Indian married couples, within the age group of 23-50 and 26-55 years for females and males, respectively. The bill, which was passed by a voice vote, also prohibits the sale and purchase of human embryos and gametes. The government has claimed that it will also prevent exploitation of surrogate mothers and children born through surrogacy.India emerged as a commercial destination for foreigners seeking surrogate mothers. There have been reports on unethical practices, exploitation of surrogate mothers, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy, and rackets involving intermediaries importing human embryos and gametes.Women’s rights activists have supported the passage of the bill.

    Rajasthan passed bill against anti lynching

    170 days ago
    The Rajasthan State Legislative Assembly passed the Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019. The Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shanti Dhariwal introduced the Bill in the State Assembly. The Bill aims to provide stricter punishment to curb such Lynching incidents. Rajasthan is now the second State to have a dedicated law criminalising mob lynching as a special offence. The first state to have such law in addition to other offences under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) is Manipur. SC's recommendation: The Bill was introduced after the recommendation by the Supreme Court in authorising the setting up of special courts, appointment of a dedicated nodal officer, and stipulating enhanced punishments. The bill not only criminalises the acts of lynching but also provides legal aid, relief, compensation and rehabilitation.  Definition of Lynching as per the Bill: Any act or series of acts of violence whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation and ethnicity falls under the category Lynching. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ Bill makes the Mob Lynching offence cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offences. ♦ It gives a punishment of life imprisonment and a penalty from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.5 lakh to those convicted in cases of mob lynching leading to victim's death. ♦ After 2014, 86% of mob lynching cases that were reported in the country are from Rajasthan. The Bill was proposed after considering peace in the state.

    RS passed Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill

    170 days ago
    The Rajya Sabha cleared the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill 2019 on 6 August. Union Home Minister Amit Shah presented the Bill after abrogation of the special status granted to J&K. The upper house also adopted resolutions to repeal Article 370 and Article 35A in J&K. The Bill has been moved for consideration and passage in Lok Sabha on August 6, 2019. The lower house will also take up the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Bill 2019. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill proposed the bifurcation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories namely Ladakh and Jammu-Kashmir. ♦ The bill has a  provision of 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the general category (the upper caste).

    Lok Sabha passed the 2019 Transgender Persons Protection of Rights Bill

    170 days ago
    The Lok Sabha passed the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill 2019 on 5 August. The Bill aims to empower and safeguard the rights of transgenders. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill establishes a national security authority to safegaurd the rights of the transgenders ♦ It will provide a mechanism for social, economic and educational empowerment of transgenders ♦ As per the Bill, irrespective of sex reassignment surgery and hormonal therapy, a person would have the right to choose to be identified as a man, woman or transgender ♦ The Bill requires a transgender person to go through a district magistrate and district screening committee to get certified as a transperson ♦ It removes the provision that criminalised begging by transgender people. This provision was part of the Bill when it was introduced ♦ It will benefit the transgender people who are discriminated and abused against the marginalised section of the society ♦ It prohibits discrimination against a transgender person in the field of education, employment and healthcare

    Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy Regulation Bill

    170 days ago
    The Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 on 5 August 2019. The Bill aims to ban commercial surrogacy in the country. It was introduced by Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan. Provisions of the Bill: ♦ The Bill regulates altruistic surrogacy  and ends the exploitation of women who are lending their womb for surrogacy ♦ It provides provisions to protect the rights of children born through surrogacy ♦ The Bill allows only altruistic surrogacy by infertile Indian couples, who are legally married for at least 5 years and within the age group of 23-50 and 26-55 years for females and males, from a close relative. It prohibits foreigners, Non-resident Indians (NRI) Person of Indian Origins (PIO) from commissioning surrogacy.  Note: In Altruistic surrogacy the women does not receive monetary compensation except the medical expenses and insurance coverage for the surrogate mother. ♦ This bill looks after the interests of the couple that opt for surrogacy and ensures that there are laws protecting them against exploitation by clinics that are carrying this out as a business ♦ Surrogacy can not be applicable to singles, homosexuals and live-in couples ♦ The Bill will establish National and State Surrogacy Boards, the appointment of appropriate authorities for the regulation of the practice and process of surrogacy  Surrogacy: Surrogacy is a legal arrangement where a woman agrees to become pregnant, by artificial insemination, and give birth to a child for another person(s)/infertile couple who is or will become the parent(s) of the child. Commercial surrogacy includes a monetary benefit or reward (in cash or kind) that exceeds basic medical expenses and insurance for the surrogate mother. The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2019 bans this type of surrogacy.

    Lok Sabha Passes bill to increase the number of SC judges

    170 days ago
    Lok Sabha passed a bill the main aim is to increase the number of Supreme Court judges from the present 30 to 33 with a view to reducing pendency of cases.  Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad used the opportunity to urge the judiciary against making "sweeping commentary". About Bill A bill to bar judges from making "sweeping remarks" against another constitutional authority was brought by the previous UPA government. The following the dissolution of the 15th Lok Sabha.The members over differences the Supreme Court Judges. A Constitutional Amendment bill brought by the UPA government to increase the retirement age of High Court Judges from 62 to 65 lapsed and it never came up for discussion in the 15th Lok Sabha.The Supreme Court striking down the National Judicial Appointments law.The minister urged the judiciary to expedite the process of filling vacancies in the subordinate judiciary. The Supreme Court has a sanctioned strength of 30 judges, plus the chief justice of India 31 judges. Once the bill gets parliamentary approval, its sanctioned strength will go up to 33 plus the CJI. Through the National Judicial Appointments Commission, the government sought to have a bigger say in the appointment of Supreme Court and High Court Judges.

    Centre moves J&K Reorganisation Bill 2019, a resolution to revoke Article 370 of Jammu and Kashmir

    171 days ago
    The Government of India announced repealing Article 370 and introduced the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019 in the Rajya Sabha on 5 August.  This will now repeal special status to Jammu and Kashmir. The resolutoin was passed by Home Minister Amit Shah in the upper house. The aborgation of Article 370 will make J&K an integral part of India.  What is Article 370? Article 370 was introduced in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah the Prime Minister of Jammu & Kashmir Article 370 of the Indian constitution gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted as Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions in Part XXI of the Constitution. The Indian Constitution still describes it as a temporary provision. Article 370 provided six special provisions for Jammu and Kashmir: 1) The State is allowed to have its own Constitution. 2) The Central legislative powers over the State were limited to the three subjects of defence, foreign affairs and communications. 3) Only with the concurrence of the State Government, other constitutional powers of Indian Government could be extended to the State. 4) The concurrence was only provisional. The State's Constituent Assembly should ratify the provision. 5) Until the State Constituent Assembly was formed, the State Government was given authority to give concurrence. Once the State Constituent Assembly finalised the scheme of powers and dispersed, no further extension of powers was possible. 6) Only if the State's Constituent Assembly approves the Article 370, it could be repealed or amended. Under Article 370, the Centre has no power to declare financial emergency under Article 360 in the state. It can declare an emergency in the state only in case of war or external aggression. What's next? After the repealing of Article 370, the government should get back the Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK). It is now expected that the Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan would return the land taken illegally from India.

    RS passed the Repealing and Amending Bill

    171 days ago
    Rajya Sabha passed the Repealing and Amending Bill, 2019. The bill will repeal redundant and absolute laws. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 29 July.  Aim: The Bill aims to ensure minimum legislation and maximum governance as it is a continuous process. It will repeal 58 old central laws that has been used to achieve maximum governance. A committee constituted by the government has identified 1824 old laws. Previously 1,428 old and archaic central Acts and about 75 laws have been repealed till date.  The Bill will make amendments to two Acts that are related to the substitution of certain words in the Income Tax Act, 1961 and the Indian Institutes of Management Act, 2017. Acts to be repealed: The Bill will repeals various Acts, such as the Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976, the Tea (Amendment) Act, 1980, the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2001, the Central Road Fund (Amendment) Act, 2007, and the Central Universities Act, 2009.

    LS passed Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Amendment Bill

    171 days ago
    Lok Sabha, the lower house, cleared the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The amendment will remove the position of Congress president as a permanent member of a trust that runs the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial. The Bill was passed with 214 in favour and 30 against it. After the removal of the Congress chief as a member, the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha will be added as a member of the trust. The amendment bill empowers the central government to terminate the term of a nominated trustee even before the expiry of the tenure without assigning any reason. Jallianwala Bagh Memorial: Jallianwala Bagh memorial was established in 1951. The memorial was established to mark the massacre of unarmed people on April 13, 1919 at the public garden in Amritsar. The massacre was ordered by the British Indian Army under the command of Col Reginald Dyer.

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