Current Affairs 2016 August - Current Affairs Today Banking, SSC, UPSC Affairs
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August 2016 – Current Affairs and Quiz
31 August 2016 Current AffairsQUIZ
India's first military heritage website, coloursofglory.org was launched by Glory Foundation at Chennai. A veteran of the 1971 Indo-Pak war, city based Captain D.P.Ramachandran who is also the executive trustee of the foundation declared the war heroes of South India held great significance to the history of India. The Foundation will conduct various awareness programs across the country, commencing with major metros, to educate the people about our military history and heritage. The programs will be in the nature of exhibitions, seminars and talks, film shows, sound-and-like shows and the like. The Foundation is also planning battle re-enactments or military tattoos, which used to take place in Madras (Chennai) before Independence. The British, for instance, arranged a military tattoo of the Siege of Madras in 1946. We want to bring those enactments back.The Union Cabinet has apprised the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) and CERT-UK. The MoU was signed between CERT-In and Ministry of Cabinet Office, UK (United Kingdom) represented by CERT-UK, a unit of the Cabinet Office on Cyber Security in May 2016. The MoU intends to promote closer cooperation between India and UK for exchange of knowledge and experience in detection, resolution and prevention of security-related incidents. It will facilitate both countries to exchange technical information on Cyber-attacks, response to cyber security incidents and find solutions to counter the cyber-attacks. They can also exchange information on prevalent cyber security policies and best practices. This MoU helps to strengthen cyber space of both countries in terms of capacity building and improving relationship between them. Cyber Security was one of the agenda items for discussion during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to UK in November, 2015. Earlier CERT-In signed MoUs with similar organizations of seven countries viz. South Korea, Canada, Malaysia, Australia, Singapore, Japan and Uzbekistan. Besides, Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has also signed MoU with Cyber Security as one of the areas of cooperation with Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) : CERT-In is nodal government agency that deals with cyber security threats like hacking and phishing in India. It is nodal department under the aegis of Union Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Headquarters: New Delhi. Objective: (i) Protect Indian cyberspace and software infrastructure against destructive and hacking activities. (ii) Strengthen security-related defence of the Indian Internet domain. Issue guidelines, vulnerability notes, advisories, and whitepapers regarding to information security practices, prevention,procedures, response and reporting of cyber security incidents.The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) has signed a Memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Amar Chitra Katha to publish and distribute a special edition of a comic book on 31 August 2016. The comic book will focus on Swachh Bharat Mission. The 32-page comic book will carry messages pertaining to sanitation and solid waste components of Swachh Bharat Mission. Highlights of the comic book : The book would comprise a series of inspirational stories from the mission, cleanliness rankings of cities, the public figures and ambassadors, environmental impact. It will also contain stories of individuals and organizations that can inspire children to the concept of Swachhata. There will be an interactive workbook of tips and tricks, which children can use to clean their own areas. It will also include a section about how to organize community cleanliness drives. Amar Chitra Katha will be developing and creating the special edition comic book in English. It will also be translated into Hindi. In order to ensure large scale dissemination of these stories, MoUD will distribute them through national school boards like CBSE, Kendriya Vidyalaya and Navodaya Vidyalaya.The Union Cabinet has given its approval to proposal for dissolution of Central Inland Water Transport Corporation Limited (CIWTC). CIWTC was incorporated in February 1967 as Public Sector Undertaking under the Companies Act 1956 by the Central Government. It was under the administrative control of Ministry of Shipping (MOS). It had taken over the assets and liabilities of the erstwhile River Steam Navigation Company Limited (RSNCL) under a scheme approved by the Calcutta High Court. Since its inception CIWTC was incurring losses due to inherent limitation and infrastructure bottle necks and never could become viable company. Central Government is closing it in line with its decision to revitalize sick CPSUs wherever possible or to wind up irretrievable cases. The dissolution of the CIWTC would be initiated after disposal of movable and immovable assets. This would free up the assets for better utilization and for the benefit of the people. A number of assets have been taken up by Inland Waterways Authority of India to provide services on National Waterway 4 on Brahmputra River.United Nations Assistant Secretary-General and UN Women Deputy Executive Director Lakshmi Puri on 29 August 2016 announced the appointment of Aishwaryaa Rajinikanth Dhanush as UN Women’s Advocate for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in India. Film director, classical dancer and writer, Aishwaryaa will help raise awareness of UN Women’s core messages of gender equality and women’s empowerment across India. The act will boost the organisation’s efforts to close the gender gap and achieve a more equal world – a Planet 50-50– by the year 2030. With this, Aishwaryaa joins the esteemed list of Farhan Akhtar, Sania Mirza, Emma Watson, Nicole Kidman and Anne Hathaway, who have teamed up with UN Women to work for gender equality and the empowerment of women. Aishwaryaa Rajinikanth Dhanush : Aishwaryaa is a leading film director and a startup entrepreneur.She is the elder daughter of actor Rajinikanth.She made her feature film debut with 3 starring her husband Dhanush. In 2015, she launched Ten Entertainment, a digital medium to promote short film content and new digital ventures.She is currently working on a book, Standing On An Apple Box, which describes her life as a celebrity daughter, mother and wife.Gujarat has become the first state to distribute 2 crore LED bulbs under Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) scheme. The state achieved the milestone in only 96 days. Over 42 lakh households have benefitted from the scheme. The distribution of 2 crore LED bulbs has led to an annual energy savings of 259 crore kWh, which is equivalent to lighting up 5 lakh Indian homes for an entire year. Besides, Gujarat has also benefitted from daily CO2 emission reduction of 5000 tonnes. Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), under the administration of Ministry of Power, Government of India, is distributing approximately 2 lakh bulbs daily in Gujarat. Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All : UJALA was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 1 May 2015.The scheme replaced the Bachat Lamp Yojana.Within 1 year of its launch, 9 crore LED bulbs were sold in the country, reducing their electricity bills by 55 billion rupees. The scheme was announced as Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) on 5 January 2015. The scheme urged the people to use LED bulbs in place of incandescent bulbs, tube lights and CFL bulbs as they are more efficient, long lasting and economical in their life cycle duration. With this scheme, the government's target is to replace 77 crore incandescent bulbs in India with LEDs by 2019. It will lead to an expected reduction in installed load of 20000 MW with an annual estimated savings of over 100 million kwh and an annual reduction of 400 billion rupees in electricity bills.The Goa government has signed a memorandum of understanding with Google India to promote digital literacy and drive the digital transformation in the state. The Goa government will launch internet safety education for students in association with Google India.It will be a part of curriculum for classes 9th to 12th in the government schools. Google has created a curriculum in consultation with experts. Google Indiahas initiated teacher trainings and it will soon expand to cover 460 schools, teaching over 80,000 students how to stay safe online. The scope of this tie-up with Google will be expanded to launch a digital literacy drive for women and introduce programmes to help the small and medium businesses and a mobile app development skilling programme for start-ups. Google : Google is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products that include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, and software.Most of its profits are derived from AdWords, an online advertising service that places advertising near the list of search results.India’s 100-year-old athlete, Man Kaur, on 30 August 2016 won Gold medal at the American Masters Games in the 100-meter dash. She took a minute-and-a-half to cross the finish line in Vancouver. Kaur from Chandigarh was the only female competitor in her age category at the competition for older athletes. Earlier, she won gold medals in the javelin and shot put. Kaur has now won more than 20 medals in Masters Games across the globe. The World Masters Games is an international multi-sport event that takes place every four years, with regional games in between. The average age of the athletes is 49, and there's one man who is even older than Kaur 101-year-old Nihal Gill of Richmond, British Columbia.Indian wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt's bronze medal from the 2012 London Olympics was upgraded to silver on 30 August 2016. The medal was upgraded after second-place finisher late Besik Kudukhov of Russia was stripped off his medal for failing a dope test. As per Russian agency, flowrestling.org, Kudukhov, who had died in a car crash in 2013 in southern Russia, was found to have used a banned substance in a test conducted by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). As a result, Yogeshwar, who had bagged a bronze medal in men's 60kg freestyle category in the London Games, has now joined Sushil Kumar as the other silver medallist wrestler from the 2012 Olympics. Besides, Kudukhov, another legendary wrestler, Artur Taymazov (120kg) of Uzbekistan was stripped off from his 2008 gold medal for taking performance enhancing drugs.Bhutan is set to become the fourth Asian country to host a tournament on the Asian Tennis Tour (ATT) next month, which will be country's first ever international tennis tournament. India, Thailand and Iran have already hosted a series of tournaments, both men and women, on ATT and Bhutan is scheduled to host its maiden event from September 16 to 18. For a country which has no player ranked even on the junior circuit, ATT will help the players from the region find a footing in the highly challenging sport. More than 30 ATT tournaments are scheduled to be held from September to December this year in different Asian cities.The State Bank of Travancore appoints Ashok Kumar Pradhan has taken over as its Chief General Manager. He succeeds S Adikesavan, whose transfer to Hyderabad had kicked up a controversy recently. Pradhan, who is from Cuttack in Orissa, started his banking career in 1985 as a Probationary Officer in State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur. He has handled various key assignments as Controller and Zonal Head and has functioned Zonal Head and also Deputy General Manager (Credit) at State Bank of Hyderabad. At State bank of Mysore, he has served as General Manager (P&SB) and also General Manager, Network, Delhi. State Bank of Travancore : State Bank of Travancore (SBT), is a subsidiary of the State Bank Group, but also has private share-holders. It is the premier bank of Kerala, where it handles the majority of its business. Overall, SBT as of March 31, 2015 has a network of 1,157 branches and 1,602 ATMs, covering 18 states and three union territories.Mizoram Assembly has ratified the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Constitutional Amendment bill by adopting an official resolution, becoming 13th state to have approved the legislation. The state legislature unanimously adopted the official resolution moved by Finance and Taxation Minister . GST is a tax levied when a consumer buys a good or service. It is meant to be a single, comprehensive tax that will subsume all the other smaller indirect taxes on consumption like service tax, excise duty etc. This is how it is done in most developed countries. It will be a comprehensive nationwide indirect tax on the manufacture, sale, and consumption of goods and services. The aim is to have one indirect tax for the whole nation, which will make India a unified common market.Country’s largest paramilitary force CRPF has decided to appoint Olympic silver medallist PV Sindhu as it’s brand ambassador and bestow the honorary rank of Commandant on the ace badminton player. Central Reserve Police Force : The Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of India's Central Armed Police Forces. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) of the Government of India. It came into existence as the Crown Representative's Police on 27 July 1939. After Indian Independence, it became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act on 28 December 1949. The CRPF is considered India's largest paramilitary force and has a sanctioned strength of 308,862 personnel. The Central Reserve Police Force also has the credit of raising the first all-women battalion in a central paramilitary or a police force way back in 1987 and at present has four such contingents, with three in active duties.The world famous Velankanni our lady of health basilica 11 day long annual feast started last night with the hoisting of flag in Tamil Nadu. Lakhs of devotees are expected to throng the shrine for the ten day long festival. Pilgrims from various parts of the country witnessed the flag hoisting ceremony. Rev.Fr.A.M.Prabakar, Rector, and other priests of the shrine were present. The illuminated and colourful car procession carrying the idol of Our Lady of Health would be held on September 7 and the lowering of Our Lady’s flag on September 8.Ecommerce portal Amazon.In has announced the launch of a dedicated online Telugu book store with a widerange of over 10,000 Telugu titles. The assortment of Telugu books offers a wide selection ranging from classics, literature, fiction, biographies, business and finance, self-help, cook books and children's books all at great prices clubbed with the convenience of getting them delivered at the customer's doorstep. It also boasts of having an enviable selection of bestselling books by acclaimed authors like B V Pattabhi Ram, Ranganayakamma, Yaddanapoodi Sulochana Rani, Malladi Venkata Krishnamurthy, Yendamuri Veerendranath amongst others from leading publishers. Currently Amazon caters to Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Gujarati and Bengali languages.Canara Bank has launched Bank launched Unified Payment Interface (UPI) App named ‘empower’. This App works on customer-centric digital initiative which enables ‘any Bank customers to link and operate their various Bank accounts using a single app’. Unified Payment Interface (UPI) App : The app facilitates the bank customers to create a virtual payment address to Pay and Collect Money from anyone without disclosing their account related information, link their bank accounts across banks in a single app, transfer funds using mobile number, account number and IFSC and Adhaar number, know their account balance, register for mobile banking on-the-fly within the app itself, generate MPIN, view recent transactions, etc. Non-Canara Bank customers can also use this application to link accounts held in other banks and use it for a host of financial and non-financial services.Telangana Legislature (Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council) has ratified the Constitutional amendment Bill for the Goods and Services Tax (GST) on 31 august 2016. Telangana has become the tenth State to ratify the Bill. GST is a tax levied when a consumer buys a good or service. It is meant to be a single, comprehensive tax that will subsume all the other smaller indirect taxes on consumption like service tax, excise duty etc. This is how it is done in most developed countries. It will be a comprehensive nationwide indirect tax on the manufacture, sale, and consumption of goods and services. The aim is to have one indirect tax for the whole nation, which will make India a unified common market.The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has sanctioned a loan of Rs 204.67 crore for Haryana under Rural Infrastructure Development Fund for projects including a 10 mw solar plant at Panipat thermal power station. Out of the total loan, Rs 147.18 crore has been sanctioned to the state government under the 22nd tranche of the fund for 2016-17 for construction of three rural bridges, construction and upgradation of 26 rural roads in 10 districts ,the construction and upgradation of 26 rural roads in 10 districts namely Ambala, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jind, Karnal, Mahendergarh, Panchkula, Rewari and Yamunanagar and Rs 57.49 crore for the solar plant. The cumulative assistance to the state under this fund has reached Rs 5,613.65 crore involving 4,263 projects under various sectors .The second 1,000 MW capacity reactor of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) was successfully synchronised to the southern power grid. This marks the generation of electricity and its supply to the grid by the second reactor of KKNPP. The plant had attained criticality in July 2016. Besides with this synchronisation, the total atomic power generation capacity of Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd (NPCIL) crossed 5,000 MW. The KKNPP is located in Tirunelveli district in Tamil Nadu, around 650 km from Chennai. It is built under India-Russian Nuclear agreement of 1988. KKNPP is India’s first nuclear power plant to use imported pressurised water reactor (PWR) technology for generation of electricity. It has VVER (Water-Water Energetic Reactor) type light water reactors. The reactors were built by the NPCIL and Russia’s Atomstroyexport Company, a subsidiary of Rosatom. The first unit of KKNPP had attained criticality after it began the fission process in July 2013. Subsequently it was connected to the southern grid in October 2013.Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the first phase of SAUNI (Saurastra Narmada Avataran Irrigation) Yojana at Sanodara of Jamnagar district of Gujarat. SAUNI Yojana is multipurpose project that aims to solve the water problems of a parched Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Technically, SAUNI is a ‘linking’ project where the water will be filled in irrigation dams that are already equipped with canal network. Under this project, 115 dams in the Saurashtra region will be filled with excess water from the Sardar Sarovar dam. In the first phase, around 10 dams and reservoirs of Rajkot, Jamnagar and Morbi districts will be filled with water from Narmada River for irrigation and drinking purposes. SAUNI project involves making pipe canals instead of the conventional open canals which has led to no acquisition of land for the project. This network of canals will comprise 1,125-km network of pipelines that will help to channel water into farms. Saruashtra region of Gujarat comprises 11 districts. These districts faces drought like situation often and has been reeling under severe water scarcity due to scanty rainfall. The SAUNI Yojana was announced in 2012 when PM Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat.Dogri Poetess and novelist Padma Sachdev was awarded the prestigious Saraswati Samman for the year 2015 for her autobiography 'Chitt-Chete' written in Dogri language. She was felicitated by Delhi's Lt Governor Najeeb Jung in New Delhi on 29 August 2016. The 76-year-old poet and novelist's autobiography, published in 2007, was shortlisted from 22 works written in as many languages published between 2005 and 2014. Padma Sachdev : Born in Jammu, Padma Sachdev is first modern woman poet of Dogri language.She has published her several poetry collection including Meri Kavita Mere Geet that has won the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1971. She has also received the Padma Shri, the Indian fourth highest civilian award in 2001, and the Kabir Samman for poetry for the year 2007-2008, given by Government of Madhya Pradesh.She has 60 books to her credit and recited poems in several regional languages, including Gujarati and Punjabi. Saraswati Samman : The award is given every year for an outstanding literary work written by an Indian citizen in any of the 22 Indian languages listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India, published during the last 10 years.The award carries a sum of 15 lakh rupees besides a citation and a plaque. It is named after Goddess Saraswati, Indian goddess of learning. It is considered to be among the highest literary awards in India.The award was instituted in 1991 by the K. K. Birla Foundation. The inaugural award was given to Harivanshrai 'Bachchan' for his four volume autobiography, Kya Bhooloon Kya Yaad Karoon, Needa Ka Nirman Phir, Basere Se Door and Dashdwar se Sopan Tak.The Madhukar Gupta Committee on border protection has submitted its report to the Union Ministry Home Affairs (MHA). The Committee was constituted to suggest recommendations for strengthening border protection and addressing the issue of gaps and vulnerability in border fencing along India-Pakistan Border. It was headed by former Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta. The committee has examined security mechanisms of all four Indian states sharing border with Pakistan keeping in mind challenges of different climate and topography. It has given separate recommendations for four states as each of them has different topography and problems. It has flagged gaps and vulnerabilities in border fencing and suggested use of technology and heightened vigil on riverine frontiers. It has expressed displeasure over not installing laser walls in many infiltration-prone areas due to treacherous and marshy terrain. The MHA had constituted this committee in April 2016 to suggest ways to address the issue of gaps and vulnerability in border fencing. It was constituted three months after the terror attack on Pathankot IAF base in January 2016 by Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorists from Pakistan. These terroritst had infiltrated into India by beaching the India-Pakistan border (through porous border) in Punjab especially from the riverine stretch.India and the United States has signed Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) on 29 August 2016. The logistics agreement will enable the forces of the two nations to use each other’s bases for repair and replenishment of supplies. The agreement was signed in Pentagon during Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar’s visit to the US. The two leaders had agreed on the memorandum in principle when they last met in India in April 2016. Highlights : It makes joint operations easier and more efficient. It does not allow each nation to set up bases on the other, but to use bases and equipment only for operating together when they choose to. On arrival at the Pentagon, Parrikar was given an enhanced honour cordon. The enhanced honour is reserved for valued guests and visitors during which national anthems are played. After the ceremonial welcome, Parrikar laid wreath at the 9/11 Memorial, following which the two leaders headed for talks. The talks between the two defence leaders at Pentagon, the sixth meeting between the two defense chiefs, comes ahead of key annual exercises in India between US and Indian forces. The joint drills of the two forces named Yudh Abhyas will take place in the mountain of the northern India on September 2016.
30 August 2016 Current AffairsQUIZ
India and Myanmar has signed four Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to enhance cooperation and bilateral relations between the two countries on 28 August 2016. The pacts were inked after delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting President of Myanmar U Htin Kyaw in New Delhi. President Kyaw was on a four day visit to India from 27 August to 30 August 2016. The four agreements are : MoU on cooperation in the construction of 69 Bridges including AP Aproach Roads in the Tamu-Kyigone-Kalewa Road Section of the Trilateral Highway in Myanmar. MoU on cooperation in the construction / upgradation of the Kalewa – Yagyi Road Section. MoU on cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy. MoU on cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine. India–Myanmar relationship : Bilateral relations between Myanmar (Burma) and India have improved considerably since 1993, overcoming tensions related to drug trafficking, the suppression of democracy and the rule of the military junta in Burma. Myanmar that is located south of Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India acts as a bridge that connects India with South East Asia. The Indo- Myanmar border stretches over 1600 kilometers.National Sports Day was observed across India on 29 August 2016. The day is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of the legendary hockey player Dhyan Chand who was born on 29 August 1905. On this occasion, President Pranab Mukherjee conferred National Sports and adventure awards on sports person at the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi. Winners of 2016 National Sports Awards are Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna : The award is given for the spectacular and most outstanding performance in the field of sports by a sportsperson over a period of four years. It was conferred on four sports person and they are PV Sindhu (Badminton), Dipa Karmakar (Gymnastics), Jitu Rai (Shooting) and Sakshi Malik (Wrestling). Dronacharya Awards : The award is conferred on coaches for producing medal winners at prestigious international sports events. It was conferred on six sports coaches and they are Nagapuri Ramesh (Athletics), Sagar Mal Dhayal (Boxing), Raj Kumar Sharma (Cricket), Bishweshwar Nandi (Gymnastics), S Pradeep Kumar (Swimming (Lifetime)) and Mahabir Singh (Wrestling (Lifetime)). Arjuna Awards : The award is given for consistently outstanding performance for four years. It was conferred on 15 sports from different discipline of sports and they are Rajat Chauhan (Archery), Lalita Babar (Athletics), Sourav Kothari (Billiards & Snooker), Shiva Thapa (Boxing), Ajinkya Rahane (Cricket), Subrata Paul (Football), Rani (Hockey), Raghunath VR (Hockey), Gurpreet Singh (Shooting), Apurvi Chandela (Shooting), Soumyajit Ghosh (Table Tennis), Vinesh (Wrestling), Amit Kumar (Wrestling), Sandeep Singh Mann (Para-Athletics) and Virender Singh (Wrestling (Deaf)). Dhyan Chand Award 2015 : The award is conferred for life time contribution to sports development. It was conferred on three sports person and they are Athlete Satti Geetha, hockey player Sylvanus Dung Dung and Rower Rajendra Pralhad Shelke. Rashtriya Khel Protsahana Purushkar : The award is given to the corporate entities (both in private and public sector) and individuals who have played a visible role in the area of sports promotion and development. The award was conferred on seven organisations they were Reserve Bank of India for employment to sportspersons and other welfare measures India Infrastructure Finance Corporate Limited for encouragement to sports through corporate social responsibilitySubroto Mukherjee Sports Education Society for sports development Hockey Citizen Group, Dadar Parsee Zorostrian cricket club, Usha School of Athletics and STAIRS were awarded for identification and nurturing of budding and young talent. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy : The trophy is given to the overall top performing university in inter-university tournaments. It was conferred on Punjabi University, Patiala. Major Dhyan Chand – The Hockey Wizard : Major Dhyan Chand was India’s greatest hockey player. He has scored over 1000 goals between 1926 and 1948. He helped India win 3 Olympic Gold medals including the first in 1928 (Amsterdum Olympic games) and then in 1932 (Los Angeles Olympic games) and 1936 (Berlin Olympic games). He became synonymous with hockey. He became the parameter of hockey by which other player’s caliber is measured. It is surprising to know that Dhyan Chand, who came to be known as Hockey Magician, started playing hockey only after joining the Army at the age of 16.India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni today (August 27) set a world record when he led the team against West Indies in the 1st Twenty20 International . The 35-year-old Dhoni, who already owns several records in international cricket, added one more to his glittering career, at the Central Broward Regional Park Stadium Turf Ground, Lauderhill (Florida). He captained India in a record 325th game (most by a player in history), across all three formats, to break Australian skipper Ricky Ponting's mark. Dhoni was leading India in 71st T20I. And he has already captained the side in 60 Tests and 194 One Day Internationals. Dhoni was appointed India skipper in 2007. It was a historic moment as India played for the first time in USA and Dhoni celebrated with another huge achievement. Also saw the new partnership of Dhoni and coach Anil Kumble. In June this year, Dhoni had matched Ponting's record when he led India against Zimbabwe in the 3rd and final T20I in Harare. Dhoni, who has retired from Tests, continues to play limited overs cricket. He is the only captain in history to have won all 3 ICC trophies (World T20 2007, World Cup 2011 and Champions Trophy 2013).Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti has launched the central government's UJALA scheme in the state with the distribution of LED bulbs among people. The National LED programme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2015. Under this scheme consumer can buy five LED bulbs at the rate of Rs 20 each by showing monthly electricity bills or ID cards.In case of purchase of more than five bulbs, consumers need to pay Rs 95 per bulb. Government acknowledges the great savings that the scheme shall bring to the electricity bills of the consumers and has made sincere efforts to ensure that the people of Jammu and Kashmir have access to this national scheme. Highlighting the importance of energy conservation through the spread of LED bulbs, Mufti said it was much more economical to conserve power, than to produce power. As one LED bulb consumes one tenth of the energy consumed by a normal yellow bulb, we shall be saving enormous amount of energy if we are able to replace the 80 lakh inefficient bulbs in our state with LED bulbs. The scheme will be implemented in the state by Jammu and Kashmir Power Development Department in collaboration with Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL).China has set up a state-owned aircraft engine maker with registered capital of 50 billion yuan ($7.50 billion), state television, in the latest bid to develop home-grown, high-tech capacities to compete ininternational markets. The government has been overhauling its state-owned sector to push Chinese products and services up the value chain. Under that drive, it has prioritised aircraft engines, high-speed rail and nuclear power as areas it wants China to excel in. China's Cabinet, Beijing municipal government, the Aviation Industry Corp of China (AVIC) and Commercial Aircraft Corp of China are investors of the new company. The new company, called China Aero-Engine Group and with 96,000 employees, will focus on designing, manufacturing and testing of aircraft engines. In March, state-owned AVIC said it was finalising a 129 billion yuan merger of its aircraft engine businesses, in a move to create a giant that could eventually compete with the likes of United Technologies Corp's aircraft engine maker Pratt & Whitney.Doha Bank, one of the prominent banks in Qatar, is formally inaugurating its first branch in Kerala on August 27. The branch offers all banking products to corporate and retail customers. It will be formally inaugurated by the State Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan. The Bank has its other two branches in Mumbai. Doha Bank is one of the largest commercial banks in the State of Qatar. It was incorporated in 1978 and commenced its domestic and international banking services in Doha, Qatar on March 15, 1979. As one of Qatar’s leading financial services company, Doha Bank is committed to making banking work for customers and clients like it never has before. Through innovative technologies and the ingenuity of its people.Indian multi-national conglomerate Larsen & Toubro’s group named S N Subrahmanyan as the Managing director (MD) and chief executive officer (CEO) of India’s largest infrastructure engineering company from October first. The appointment of Subrahmanyan had then come with the then chief executive and managing director KV Venkataramanan retiring. The appointment announcement of Subrahmanyan had then come in the 71st annual general meeting of the company. Subrahmanyan is a management graduate also holds Civil Engineering in his curriculum besides being the youngest member on L&T’s board has several achievements to his credit.Amit Chandra, Managing Director, Bain Capital has been appointed as a Non-Executive Director of Tata Sons with effect from August 26th, 2016. Amit Chandra joined Bain Capital as Managing Director in early 2008 and is part of the firm's leadership team in Asia. He received his undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering from VJTI, Bombay University, following which he worked at Larsen and Toubro (L&T). Mr. Chandra received his MBA from Boston College, and was awarded the School's Distinguished Alumni in 2007. Prior to joining Bain Capital,Chandra spent most of his professional career at DSP Merrill Lynch and retired as its Board Member and Managing Director in 2007. He serves as a Trustee on several Tata Trusts and is a Member of the Board of Directors of Genpact, L&T Finance, Tata Investment Corporation, Emcure Pharmaceuticals, Akanksha Foundation and GiveIndia. He is also Founder & Board Member of Ashoka University. Earlier this year, he was named in the Forbes "Asia's Heroes of Philanthropy . With Amit Chandra's appointment, the Tata Sons Board now has 9 Directors, including Venu Srinivasan and Ajay Piramal who were appointed Non-Executive Directors on August 25th, 2016. The other Tata Sons Board Members include Cyrus P. Mistry (Chairman), Ishaat Hussain,. Vijay Singh ,Nitin Nohria, Ronen Sen and Farida Khambhata. Given the rich legacy of the Tata Group, in service of the nation, it's indeed a privilege to represent the Tata Trusts and serve on the board of Tata Sons .Murugappa Group firm Carborundum Universal (CUMI) inaugurated its Research and Development centre at its industrial ceramics division in Hosur, Tamil Nadu. The company did not disclose investment details. The centre was inaugurated by M M Murugappan, Chairman of CUMI and Vice Chairman of Murugappa Group, along with others. The new R&D Centre would further strengthen the platform of competency for sustainable growth & market leadership of wear-resistant & technical ceramic products in selected segments. This facility has advanced equipment for material characterisation, micro-structural analysis, finished component analysis and other critical areas, supplementing the existing R&D activity of the unit. The centre is certified by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) and will be a Centre of Excellence for research in technical ceramics for industrial & advanced applications. It will serve to address CUMI's aspirations to grow in wear-resistant and technical ceramics, including metallised ceramic range of products. The company is looking forward to increased activity in the areas of mining, cement, steel, colliery, paper, agro and dredging for the wear-resistant ceramic vertical. It is also eyeing space, defence, automobile and power distribution segments for the technical ceramic vertical.Abhijit Bhaduri, chief learning officer of Wipro has resigned. According to sources Bhaduri , will start his own executive coaching company. Bhaduri is the man behind many of Wipro's initiatives like global 100 program - where the next generation of Wipro pipeline was created, new age unconventional training methods like taking the top brass of Bengaluru-based IT firm to Jaipur Lit Fest. He has been with Wipro for 7 years. Bhaduri has worked with Wipro since 2009 and prior to that worked with Microsoft as their HR director. Bhaduri has also worked with Pepsico, Colgate and Mudra Communication. He brought to Wipro global coaches like Ram Charan, innovation guru Bill Fisher. Bhaduri also was instrumental in the IT firm's tie up with Wharton school for grooming leadership talent at Wipro.Maharashtra Legislative Assembly has ratified the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Constitutional Amendment Bill passed by the parliament. The proposal was passed unanimously by the Lower House, making Maharashtra the ninth state to ratify the GST bill, billed as the biggest tax reform since Independence. The Finance Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar tabled a resolution in the Assembly to ratify the bill. GST is a tax levied when a consumer buys a good or service. It is meant to be a single, comprehensive tax that will subsume all the other smaller indirect taxes on consumption like service tax, excise duty etc. This is how it is done in most developed countries. It will be a comprehensive nationwide indirect tax on the manufacture, sale, and consumption of goods and services. The aim is to have one indirect tax for the whole nation, which will make India a unified common market.
29 August 2016 Current AffairsQUIZ
The West Bengal Assembly has passed a resolution for renaming the state as 'Bangla' in Bengali and 'Bengal' in English, weeks after a proposal in this regard was put forward by CM Mamata Banerjee. The proposal to pass the resolution was approved by the special session of the West Bengal Assembly, which was convened on August 26 to discuss the renaming of the state. In 2011, the state government had sent a proposal to the Centre for renaming West Bengal as "Paschim Bango", but that never got the green signal. After the partition of India in 1947, Bengal was bifurcated as East Bengal and West Bengal. East Bengal became a part of Pakistan.India has been ranked 77th among the 171 countries in the 2016 World Risk Index (WRI). The index was released as part of the World Risk Report 2016 released by the United Nations University Institute for Environment (UNUIE) and Human Security (UNU-EHS) and Bundnis Entwicklung Hilft in cooperation with the University of Stuttgart in Germany. Highlights of Report : The index has assessed the disaster risk of countries through combined analysis of natural hazards such as floods, cyclones, or earthquakes and societal vulnerabilities. Lack of critical infrastructure and weak logistic chains will substantially increase the risk that an extreme natural event will become a disaster. In 2016 WRI, the Island state of Vanuatu has been ranked number 1. India’s Neighbours: Bangladesh (5th), Sri Lanka (63rd), Pakistan (72th), China (85th) and Nepal (108th).Automobile manufacturer Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd (M&M) has introduced DiGiSENSE, a cloud based technology solution to track vehicle information in real time. With this, Mahindra has become the first OEM (original equipment manufacturer) in India to integrate its product line-up onto a cloud-based technology platform. DiGiSENSE by its digital-enabled sensing connects Mahindra range of pick up vehicles, tractors, trucks and construction equipment to the cloud. It will enable vehicle owners to have complete information on the location and usage their assets round-the-clock on their mobile phones. This inbuilt technology solution has been jointly developed in India in association with Tech Mahindra, Bosch India and Vodafone. DiGiSENSE allows vehicle owner to monitor the performance and location of vehicles, including the quantity of fuel used by the vehicles on real time basis. The key features include delivery tracking and route planning, vehicle utilisation reports, trip optimisation, alerts and machine hour operations and geo-fencing to prevent unauthorised use of the asset and theft.Mukesh Mehta was appointed as the President of India Bullion and Jewellers Association (IBJA) on 28 August 2016. He is also a Director on the Board of IBJA. Mehta succeeds Mohit Kamboj, who resigned in the Annual General Meeting (AGM) of IBJA on 24 August 2016. Mukesh Mehta is director of Mark Bangles and has already been on the board since the last four years. He has also served on various committee's in the last four years. IBJA is a 97 year old apex organization for bullion dealers and jewellers and any change at the top leadership is microscopically viewed by its members and other allied associations.Indian tennis ace Sania Mirza received a confidence booster ahead of the US Open Grand Slam tournament beginning with a doubles title victory at the Connecticut Open with Monica Niculescu of Romania . Sania and Niculescu capped off their newly rekindled doubles partnership with their first title together with a straight set victory over the duo of Kateryna Bondarenko of Ukraine and Chuang Chia-Jung of Taiwan in the final. The last time Sania and Niculescu partnered up was way back in 2010, where they joined forces to reach the quarterfinals at the Western and Southern Open. They played that one tournament together before calling time on the partnership. Sania recently parted ways with Swiss Martina Hingis after a hugely successful partnership. She partnered with Barbora Strycova of Czech Republic at the Cincinnati Masters last week and won their debut tournament as a team, by defeating former partner Hingis and American Coco Vandeweghe. Sania and Niculescu opened their Connecticut Open campaign with a commanding straight sets win over American wildcards Alison Riske and Louisa Chirico, then overpowered regular duo Darija Jurak and Anastasia Rodionova in straight sets. They faced a close fight against the No.3 seeded Andreja Klepac and Katarina Srebotnik, squeezing out a comeback, 2-6, 6-3, 10-8, to make it to the final.Zee Entertainment Enterprises has appointed Punit Misra as Chief Executive Officer for its domestic broadcast business. His appointment is with effect from October 1, and Misra will report to Zee Entertainment Enterprises Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer Punit Goenka . Prior to this appointment, Misra was Executive Director-Sales and Customer Development at Hindustan Unilever.Film actress Sharmila Tagore, theatre activist Arundhati Nag and film studies academician Ira Bhaskar have been appointed new members of Broadcasting Content Complaints Council (BCCC), the self-regulatory body which hears complaints against TV content. The Board of Directors of Indian Broadcasting Federation (IBF) headed by Star India chairman Uday Shankar has approved these appointments for a term of three years in the eminent persons' category in place. The tenure of three other members retired IAS officer Bhaskar Ghose, actor Shabana Azmi and journalist Vir Sanghvi, had drawn to a close recently. The three Members, associated with BCCC since its inception in 2011, were given a warm send-off at the Council's 58th meeting held today under the chairmanship of Justice (Retd) Mukul Mudgal.Himachal Pradesh Health Minister Kaul Singh Thakur today launched a mobile app for availing immediate and easy access to ambulances in the state. The app named '108 HP' can be downloaded on any smartphone. The app will make the access to the National Ambulance Service (NAS) much faster and does not require sharing of information such as name and location. Himachal has become the first state in India to launch any such app. The new ambulances under 108- National Ambulance Service would be serving at health centres of Jalog and Rampur in Shimla District, Chatari in Mandi District, Gagret in Una District and Bharari in Bilaspur District. The number of 108 ambulances which was just 50 in 2010 has increased to 199 and there is one ambulance for every 34,000 population and considering the tough topography of the state, this service has proved a boon for the people in the state. The Health Minister said the state government was spending Rs 1 lakh per day on the ambulance services and till now 7.50 lakh emergency cases had been facilitated. Besides, 102 Janani Express providing free services to pregnant women from home to hospital and back home after delivery was being provided and so far 82,000 women had benefited. During the programme, Singh also distributed cheques of Rs 5 lakh each to the families of deceased in the 108 National Ambulance Service accidents.Gujarat government is planning to set up India's first textile university at Surat with an investment of about Rs 800 crore - Rs 900 crore. The textile industry will support the government in the endeavour.The state government will fund about Rs 800-900 crore for the university, which is expected to get operational in the next one and a half years. The aim of the university is to provide all kind of support including technology, research and development (R&D), skilled manpower etc. The first textile university of India will be setup in Gujarat. Land has been identified near Surat. Gujarat government will provide funds worth Rs 800-900 crore for the development of the textile university. Purpose of the university will be to create a complete eco system for the textile industry in Gujarat and India. It will guide the government in policy making for the industry. The university will build on over 250 acre land in Surat and it is expected to get operational in the next one and a half years. Construction work for the university will start in early phase of next year and it will be operational in one and a half years.The World Bank has sanctioned Rs 980 crore to dredge the Brahmaputra as an initiative to develop waterways to Bangladesh and to other South East Asian countries in a bid to boost trade and industry in the Northeast. Opening up of the Brahmaputra waterways for trade will lead to a reduction in the cost of transportation of goods and will ultimately result in Assam becoming a export hub for the South East Asian countries. Assam Industries and Commerce Minister Chandra Mohan Patowary today said during his address at the day-long North East Tea Conclave. The World Bank has sanctioned Rs 980 crore for dredging the Brahmaputra which is an onerous task no doubt, but "the river will become navigable for trade purpose in the near future. The Centre's Act East Policy has focused aggressively on trade with South East Asian countries and "opening up the waterways will be the first step in this direction. Assam gets a readymade market of Bangladesh and West Bengal with 25 crore consumers and if one is ambitious enough, trade can be extended to Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and other South East Asian countries.Mercedes driver Nico Rosberg from Germany has won the 2016 Belgian Grand Prix of Formula One. It was Rosberg’s overall tenth championship title of F1 in his career and the sixth win in the 2016 season. Earlier, he had won Australian Grand Prix, Bahrain Grand Prix, Chinese Grand Prix and Russian Grand Prix. 2016 Belgian Grand Prix was the thirteenth race of the 2016 season of Formula One in which total 11 teams had participated. The race was run on Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps. Result of 2016 Belgian Grand Prix First Position : Nico Rosberg (Germany) of Mercedes team. Second Position: Daniel Ricciardo (Australia) of Red Bull. Third Position: Lewis Hamilton (United Kingdom) of Mercedes Team. Fourth Position: Nico Hulkenberg (Germany) of Force India. Fifth Position: Sergio Perez (Italy) of Force India. Top 3 teams are: Mercedes, Red Bull and Force India.The Union Human Resource Ministry has formally launched Indian Institute of Techonogy (IIT) Dharwad in Karnataka. It was launched by Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash. IIT-Dharwad is located at Walmi centre on the Dharwad’s outskirts till its permanent campus is built The prestigious higher education institute has already started functioning from this academic year from a temporary structure. Around 2000 students with Science and Maths background have been invited to the inaugural function to sensitise them about the higher learning institute. It is spread over the sprawling 470 acres allocated by the state government at nearby Kelgeri town.NASA’s solar-powered Juno spacecraft has successfully executed its first flyby of Jupiter, our solar system’s most massive planet. During its first flyby, Juno passed just 4,200 kilometres above the planet’s clouds. It was the closest contact ever achieved by a man-made probe with Jupiter. During this flyby, it was for the first time Juno had its entire suite of science instruments activated. During this closest approach, Juno passed about 4,200 kilometres above Jupiter’s clouds and travelled at speed of 208,000 kilometres per hour with respect to the planet. There are 35 more close flybys of Jupiter planned during Juno’s mission scheduled to end in February 2018. Juno spacecraft The unmanned Juno spacecraft launched on August 5, 2011, from Florida, US. It had arrived at Jupiter on July 4, 2014. Juno is the first solar-powered mission designed by NASA to see beneath Jupiter’s clouds. It had travelled 2.7 billion kilometres since its launch to reach Jupiter. It has nine instruments on board to study atmosphere, gravity, magnetic field and possible existence of solid core in Jupiter. Juno will also map Jupiter’s gravity and magnetic fields and also track how much water is present in the atmosphere. It will have mission life of 20 months from July 2016 to Feb 2018. In its mission life, the spacecraft will circle the Jupiter 37 times before finally making a death plunge in 2018 in order to avoid accidentally crashing onto one of the planet’s moons.The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for the first time has successfully conducted the Scramjet (or Supersonic Combusting ramjet) engine test. The test was conducted from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikotta in Andhra Pradesh and has successfully has met all the intended parameters. The scramjet engine was test launched on board of RH 560 sounding rocket. RH 560 sounding rocket is two stage Advanced Technology Vehicle (ATV). The ATV along with the scramjet engines weighed 3,277 kg at lift-off. During the test, ATV was able to fly at Mach 6 (six times the speed of sound) speeds. The scramjet uses hydrogen as fuel and oxygen from the atmospheric air as the oxidiser. With this, India became only the fourth nation to flight-test a scramjet engine after United States, Russia and China. scramjet engine The scramjet engine works on the Air-breathing Propulsion System. The system uses natural oxygen present in the atmosphere to burn the fuel stored in the rocket. It reduces the amount of oxidiser to be carried along with the fuel, bringing down launch costs. Benefits : This system would help in reducing the lift-off mass of the vehicle as there will be no need of carrying liquefied oxygen on board the vehicle. In turn help in increasing the energy efficiency of the rocket and also make it cost-effective. Scramjet does not have rotating parts so the chances of failure are also measurably reduced. Currently, ISRO uses rocket launch vehicles like the PSLV to deliver satellites into orbit. But PSLVs are expendable i.e. it can only be used once. The new propulsion system would complement ISRO’s aim to develop a reusable launch vehicle that would have longer flight duration. This system involving the recently tested scramjet engine, would become crucial while sending up the spacecraft. This was not India’s first venture into scramjet technology. DRDO is working with Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyenia to develop the second generation Brahmos cruise missile (dubbed the Brahmos-II) powered by a scramjet . Brahmos-II is being designed to fly 300 odd kilometres at a speed of Mach 7. The current generation Brahmos is propelled using a liquid-fuelled ramjet engine. It makes it possible for the missile propel forward at up to Mach 3 speed, making it one of the fastest for a cruise missile in the world.The Philippine government and Communist guerrillas (National Democratic Front (NDF)), on 26 August 2016 signed an indefinite ceasefire deal. The deal signed in Oslo, Norway will facilitate peace talks aimed at ending one of Asia's longest-running insurgencies. As per the Norwegian government, which is facilitating the talks, both sides agreed to implement unilateral ceasefires which are unlimited in time. Norway has had a role as facilitator for the peace process since 2001. Fitful peace talks have been going on since 1986. The agreement extends a truce in place for the Oslo meeting, which began on 22 August 2016 and is the first formal negotiating session over the conflict since 2011. The Communist Party of the Philippines launched rebellion in 1968 that has so far claimed the lives of 30000 people, according to official estimates. The 3000-strong New People’s Army, the armed wing of the communist party, operates mainly in the east and south of the Philippines. The ceasefire agreement included a timetable for talks about political, economic and constitutional reforms. It also mapped out a path towards an amnesty for political prisoners. The two sides would meet again in Oslo on 8 October 2016. President of Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte said he wants to end guerrilla wars with both communist and Muslim rebels that have been hampering economic development.Bombay High Court has ruled that women should be permitted to enter the sanctum sanctorum of Haji Ali Dargah set in the heart of Mumbai on 26 August 2016. The 15th century dargah of the Sufi saint, Haji Ali Shah, is located on an islet off the coast of Worli in the southern part of Mumbai. A division bench of Justices V M Kanade and Revati Mohite Dere in its 56-page judgement said that a ban imposed by the Haji Ali Dargah Trust on women entering the sanctum sanctorum contravenes their fundamental rights and must be lifted. The court said that the ban on entry of women inside Haji Ali Dargah violates their fundamental right to practice any religion. Rebuking the Dargah Trust, the court said it has no right to discriminate entry of women into a public place of worship under the guise of 'managing the affairs of religion'.It refused to accept the claims that allowing women in close proximity to the grave of male Muslim saint was a sin in Islam.It also refused to accept that the ban was imposed to prevent sexual harassment of women. The court in its judgement also highlighted few constitutional provisions that give equal rights to all faith practitioners (men and women) to profess and practice whatever they wish as per their religious dictates. Articles used in the judgment include The bench asked the Dargah Trust to take effective steps like having separate queues for men and women as was done before. It also added that the state government is also duty bound to ensure safety of women at such places. The judgement was passed on public interest litigation (PIL) filed by filed by Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan (BMMA), a Muslim women's rights group based in Mumbain and several other women activists urging the court to lift restrictions imposed on entry of women in the dargah by the Haji Ali Dargah Trust. Noorjehan Safia Niaz and Zakia Soman are the founders of BMMA. However, the court has stayed its order for six weeks following a plea by the Dargah Trust, which wants to challenge this decision in the Supreme Court. The Haji Ali trustees, who banned entry of women into the mausoleum in 2012, were the first so-called Sufi followers in India to bar women from the spiritual tradition of shrine visitation. In February 2016, Maharashtra Government said to the Bombay High Court that women should be allowed to allowed to enter the inner sanctum till the Daragh Board in not able to prove that ban is part of their religious practice with reference to Quran. Earlier in April 2016, the Bombay high court passed a similar ruling lifting ban on women’s entry to the Shani Shingnapur temple in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. The Trust of the temple imposed the ban on the basis of a 400-year-old tradition which proclaimed against women entering the inner sanctum of Lord Shani temple. The trust allowed women to enter the temple within a week of the order of the court.