28 July 2016 Current Affairs: World Hepatitis Day 2016 was observed across the world on 28 July 2016 with the theme Elimination.
The day acts as a significant global platform for raising awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment.
The theme for the 2016 focuses on elimination of hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030. The theme can be easily adapted for local use to achieve elimination, greater awareness, increased diagnosis and key interventions including universal vaccination, blood and injection safety etc.
World Hepatitis Summit : The World Hepatitis Summit will be held from 29 March to 31 March 2017.
It will be held in Sao Paulo, Brazil.It is a large-scale, global biennial event to advance the viral hepatitis agenda.It is a joint initiative between World Health Organization and the World Hepatitis Alliance (WHA).
summit’s objectives are : To increase the number of countries developing practicable viral hepatitis action plans by making use of the latest public health research and technical support from WHO.To improve the implementation of existing viral hepatitis action plans through the sharing of best practice.
To support clause 1.3 of WHO’s Resolution WHA67.6 which urges Member States to promote the involvement of civil society in all aspects of preventing, diagnosing and treating viral hepatitis.To discuss funding mechanisms for medicines and/or diagnostics through engagement of key stakeholders.
To raise the profile of viral hepatitis by engagement of international top-tier media.To encourage and direct public health research to where it is needed by engaging key global funders.
Viral Hepatitis : Viral hepatitis is caused by 5 distinct hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D and E which together are responsible for 1.45 million deaths each year.Hepatitis B and C are responsible for 80 percent of infections whereas Hepatitis A and E are only responsible for 1 percent of infections.
81 percent of world’s infants are vaccinated and protected from hepatitis B infection and 2 million hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections occur yearly through unsafe injections.These viruses are transmitted through contaminated water and food, as well as by contact with blood or bodily fluids, through unsafe injections or transfusions. Infection also occurs from a mother to a child, or through sexual contact.