20 May 2016 Current Affairs: The World Health Organisation on 19 May 2016 released the World Health Statistics 2016: Monitoring Health for the SDGs.
As per the statistics, life expectancy increased by 5 years since 2000, but major inequalities persist within and among countries.
Global life expectancy for children born in 2015 was 71.4 years (73.8 years for females and 69.1 years for males), while in India it was 68.3 (66.9 for males and 69.9 for females).
Highlights of World Health Statistics 2016 : With an average lifespan of 86.8 years, women in Japan can expect to live the longest.Switzerland enjoys the longest average survival for men, at 81.3 years. People in Sierra Leone have the world’s lowest life-expectancy for both sexes: 50.8 years for women and 49.3 years for men.Globally, life expectancy increased by 5 years between 2000 and 2015, the fastest increase since the 1960s. Those gains reverse declines during the 1990s, when life expectancy fell in Africa because of the AIDS epidemic and in Eastern Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The increase was greatest in the African Region of WHO where life expectancy increased by 9.4 years to 60 years.The increase was driven mainly by improvements in child survival, progress in malaria control and expanded access to antiretrovirals for treatment of HIV.The report shows that newborns in 29 countries all of them high-income have an average life expectancy of 80 years or more, while newborns in 22 others all of them in sub-Saharan Africa have life expectancy of less than 60 years.Healthy life expectancy, a measure of the number of years of good health that a newborn in 2015 can expect, stands at 63.1 years globally (64.6 years for females and 61.5 years for males).
Important statistics at a glance Every year : 303000 women die due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth;5.9 million children die before their fifth birthday2 million people are newly infected with HIV, and there are 9.6 million new TB cases and 214 million malaria cases.1.7 billion people need treatment for neglected tropical diseases.More than 10 million people die before the age of 70 due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer. 800 000 people commit suicide.1.25 million people die from road traffic injuries.4.3 million people die due to air pollution caused by cooking fuels.3 million people die due to outdoor pollution.475 000 people are murdered, 80 percent of them men.
World Health Statistics : The World Health Statistics series is WHO’s annual compilation of health statistics for its 194 Member States. The 2016 Statistics focuses on the proposed health and health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets.They provide a comprehensive overview of the latest annual data in relation to the health-related targets in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), illustrating the scale of the challenge.