07 April 2016 Current Affairs GK: World Health Day (WHD) 2016 was observed globally on 7 April 2016. The theme for the year is Halt the rise: beat diabetes.The goals of the World Health Day 2016 are:Scale up prevention,Strengthen care Enhance surveillance,The day is celebrated every year since it was first celebrated in 1950 to mark the anniversary of the World Health Organisation (WHO) formation in 1948.The theme of the WHD 2015 was Food safety.diabetes :Diabetes is a chronic, progressive noncommunicable disease (NCD) characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (blood sugar). It occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin hormone, which regulates blood sugar, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.WHO’s Global report on diabetes.The number of people living with diabetes and its prevalence are growing in all regions of the world. In 2014, 422 million adults had diabetes, compared with 108 million in 1980.The epidemic of diabetes has major health and socioeconomic impacts, especially in developing countries.In 2014, more than 1 in 3 adults aged over 18 years were overweight and more than one in 10 were obese.The complications of diabetes can lead to heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputation. For example, rates of lower limb amputation are 10 to 20 times higher for people with diabetes.Diabetes caused 1.5 million deaths in 2012. Higher-than-optimal blood glucose caused an additional 2.2 million deaths by increasing the risks of cardiovascular and other diseases.Many of these deaths (43%) occur prematurely, before the age of 70 years, and are largely preventable through adoption of policies to create supportive environments for healthy lifestyles and better detection and treatment of the disease.Good management includes use of a small set of generic medicines, interventions to promote healthy lifestyles, patient education to facilitate self-care; and regular screening for early detection and treatment of complications.
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