13 April 2017 Current Affairs:
The Supreme Court on Thursday asked the Centre to respond by May 8 to a plea by the Bahujan Samajwadi Party (BSP) to comply with a 2013 Supreme Court directive to introduce paper trail in Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs).A Bench led by Justice J. Chelameswar issued notice to the Centre after senior advocate P. Chidambaram submitted that EVMs remain highly vulnerable and susceptible to hacking."What one man can invent, another man can hack," Mr. Chidambaram submitted."I (voter) press a button on the EVM and I do not know what the machine has recorded. There is no way I can know that the machine is recording the wishes of the electorate,.Mr. Chidambaram told if the EVM is fixed to a vote-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT) machine, the voter can see whether the symbol the voter presses is the symbol the EVM registers in the system.Verification of the vote is an indispensable part of voting, Mr. Chidambaram submitted."Only a paper trail can restore the confidence of the people," Mr. Chidambaram submitted.The Supreme Court, in 2013, to a petition filed by the now BJP Rajya Sabha MP Subramanian Swamy, had asked the Commission to introduce in a phased manner the paper trail in Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, saying "it is an indispensable requirement of free, fair and transparent" polls which will restore confidence of the voters.The Supreme Court, which directed the Centre to provide financial assistance to the poll panel for introduction vote verifier paper audit trail (VVPAT) system with the EVMs, had said it would "ensure the accuracy of the voting system" and also help in "manual counting of votes in case of dispute.""The 'paper trail' is an indispensable requirement of free"EVMs with VVPAT system ensure the accuracy of the voting system. With an intent to have fullest transparency in the system and to restore the confidence of the voters, it is necessary to set up EVMs with VVPAT system because vote is nothing but an act of expression which has immense importance in democratic system," the Bench had said.Mr. Chidambaram said the Commission had sent SOS to the Centre for funds to install EVMs with VVPAT.A total of 3000 crore is required to set up EVMS with VVPAT, the ways things are proceeding, it would take another 150 years, Mr. Chidambaram submitted.Nowhere in the world except in South America EVMs are used," senior advocate Kapil Sibal for Congress party submitted.
A machine which dispenses a slip with the symbol of the party for which a person has voted for. The slip drops in a box but the voter cannot take it home. According to media reports, the receipt showed the vote going to BJP, irrespective of button pressed, during the demonstration.