19 July 2016 Current Affairs: The World Health Organisation has released a report of 2015 Non-communicable Diseases (NCD) Global Survey on 18 July 2016.
The report highlights the need to intensify national action to meet the global targets governments have agreed to protect people from heart disease, cancers, diabetes, and lung diseases.
However, the global survey titled Assessing national capacity for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases shows that some countries are making remarkable progress.
The Sustainable Development Goals agenda includes a target to reduce premature deaths from NCDs by 30 per cent by 2030.
Trends in national capacity for NCDs were derived from comparing the results of the 2015 survey with those from the capacity surveys conducted in 2013 and 2010.
Findings of the survey : Globally, four NCDs, which are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases, represent the largest cause of death in people aged under 70 years.In all, 91% of countries (177) responded to the survey.
Only 23% of countries reported having a dedicated office, department, or administrative division within the ministry of health exclusively dedicated to NCD surveillance. In relation to availability of evidence-based guidelines, protocols or standards for disease management, 75% of countries reported guidelines for diabetes, 67% for cardiovascular diseases, 60% for cancer and 55% for chronic respiratory diseases.
Criteria for chronic respiratory diseases were available in only 57% of countries.
In general, palliative care for patients with NCDs in the public health system, in primary health care or as community or home-based care, was not widely available.
Findings of the report in regard to India : Cancer, diabetes and heart diseases account for 55% of the premature mortality in India in the age group of 30-69 years. India is the first country to develop specific national targets and indicators aimed at reducing the number of premature deaths from NCDs by 25% by 2025.