07 April 2016 Current Affairs GK: The World Health Organisation (WHO) on 6 April 2016 released its first Global Report on Diabetes. The report was released to mark the World Health Day 2016 that was celebrated on 7 April with the theme - Beat Diabetes.The report underscored the enormous scale of the diabetes problem across the world and suggested various measures to reverse current trends.Global Burden: Globally, an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014, compared to 108 million in 1980.Over the past decade, diabetes prevalence has risen faster in low and middle-income countries than in high-income countries.Diabetes caused 1.5 million deaths in 2012. Higher-than-optimal blood glucose caused an additional 2.2 million deaths, by increasing the risks of cardiovascular and other diseases.The majority of people with diabetes are affected by type 2 diabetes. This used to occur nearly entirely among adults, but now occurs in children too.Economic impact: Diabetes and its complications bring about substantial economic loss to people with diabetes and their families and to health systems and national economies through direct medical costs and loss of work and wages.Preventing diabetes: Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented with current knowledge.Effective approaches are available to prevent type 2 diabetes and to prevent the complications and premature death that can result from all types of diabetes.To tackle this enormous problem, there is a need for a whole-of-government and whole of-society approach, in which all sectors systematically consider the health impact of policies in trade, agriculture, finance, transport, education, etc.National capacity for prevention and control of diabetes: National capacity to prevent and control diabetes as assessed in the 2015 NCD Country Capacity Survey varies widely by region and country income level. Only one in three low- and middle-income countries report that the most basic technologies for diabetes diagnosis and management are generally available in primary health-care facilities.Access to insulin and other essential medicines: The lack of access to affordable insulin remains a key impediment to successful treatment and results in needless complications and premature deaths.Essential medicines critical to gaining control of diabetes, such as agents to lower blood pressure and lipid levels, are frequently unavailable in low- and middle-income countries. If post-2000 trends continue, the probability of meeting the global target of halting the rise in the prevalence of diabetes by 2025 at the 2010 level worldwide is lower than 1 percent for men and is 1 percent for women.Only nine countries for men and 29 countries for women, mostly in Western Europe, have a 50 percent or higher probability of meeting the global target.
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