Urgent action needed to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030 : UN Report
Posted on:10 May 2016 09:13:43
10 May 2016 Current Affairs GK: United Nations released a new report named On the Fast-Track to end the AIDS epidemic on 6 May 2016.The report warns that the AIDS epidemic could be prolonged indefinitely if urgent action is not taken within the five years to come.
Highlights of the report : It reveals that the extraordinary acceleration of progress made over the past 15 years could be lost.UN through report urges all partners to ensure that the global AIDS epidemic is ended as a public health threat by 2030.The report outlines that the rapid treatment scale-up has been a major contributing factor to the 42 per cent decline in AIDS-related deaths since the peak in 2004. It also notes that this has caused life expectancy in the countries most affected by HIV to rise sharply in recent years. It also underlines the critical role civil society has played in securing many of the gains made and the leadership provided by people living with HIV. The report also calls the shortfalls in the implementation of the 2011 Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS distressing. The report draws attention to regions where new HIV infections are continuing to rise, such as in eastern Europe and central Asia.The new HIV infections in these regions have increased by 30 per cent between 2000 and 2014. It was mostly among people who inject drugs in the Middle East and North Africa as well as in the Asia–Pacific region.The report also emphasizes the necessity of repealing punitive laws and repressive policies that criminalize same-sex sexual relations, drug usage as they impede access to services.The report gives strong emphasis to the links between the response to HIV and the success of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).Finally, it urges countries to embrace the UNAIDS Fast-Track approach to ending the AIDS epidemic, which will require reaching an ambitious set of goals by 2020.
Targets : To reach these goals include reaching the 90–90–90 treatment target for 2020. It calls for 90 per cent of people living with HIV to know their status, 90 per cent of people who know their HIV-positive status to access treatment, and 90 per cent of people on treatment to have suppressed viral loads.
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