10 June 2016 Current Affairs: The Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari on 9 June 2016 launched the report titled Road Accidents in India 2015. As per the report, road accidents have emerged as a major public health problem in India where almost 5 lakh accidents occurred last year killing 146000 people.The report was compiled by the Transport Research Wing.
Highlights of the report : The total number of road accidents increased by 2.5 percent from 489400 in 2014 to 501423 in 2015.The total number of persons killed in road accidents increased by 4.6 percent from 139671 in 2014 to 146133 in 2015. Road accident injuries have also increased by 1.4 percent from 493474 in 2014 to 500279 in 2015.
The severity of road accidents, measured in terms of number of persons killed per 100 accidents has increased from 28.5 in 2014 to 29.1 in 2015.About 1374 accidents and 400 deaths take place every day on Indian roads which further translates into 57 accidents and loss of 17 lives on an average every hour in our country.
About 54.1 percent of all persons killed in road accidents were in the 15 -34 years age group during the year 2015.Thirteen top states namely Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, UP, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Telengana, Chattisgarh, West Bengal and Haryana accounted for 86.7 percent of all road accidents in the country.
Around 83.6 per cent of all road accidents fatalities also occurred in these top thirteen states.The fifty Million Plus Cities accounted for a share of 22.1 percent in total road accidents in the country, 11.3 percent in total persons killed in road accidents and 16.4 percent people injured in road accidents.
Mumbai had the highest number of road accidents while Delhi had the highest number of deaths due to road accidents. Accident severity in terms of percentage share of 50 Million Cities was 14.9 percent in 2015 as against 15.0 percent in 2014.
Drivers’ fault has been revealed as the single most responsible factor for road accidents, accounted for 77.1 percent of total road accidents during 2015 as against 78.8 percent during 2014.
Earlier in January 2016, Union Government unveiled measures to improve road safety across the country during the launch of the Road Safety Week in New Delhi.