UNEP gas emissions reports say achieving 1.5 deg C is almost impossible

UNEP released the 2019 Emissions Gap Report. The reported stated that even if the current climate commitments are met, the world is on course to exceed 3C in global temperature rise.
Arjun Manjunadha

Last Updated: Dec 02,2019 18:39 IST

UNEP gas emissions reports say achieving 1.5 deg C is almost impossible

02 December 2019 Current Affairs: UN Environment Programme (UNEP) released the 2019 Emissions Gap Report. The reported stated that even if the current climate commitments are met, the world is on course to exceed 3°C in global temperature rise. The report assesses the emissions gap. The report focuses on energy transition. The report was released in the UN Climate Change Conference (COP-25).

Report highlights:
♦ The report said that in order to limit temperature rise, annual emissions in 2030 should be maintained at 15 gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent lower than current unconditional Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) imply for the 2°C goal.
♦ It stated that Green House Gas (GHG) emissions continue to rise, despite scientific warnings and political commitments
♦ Many countries have announced net-zero GHG emission targets for 2050. But only a few countries have formally submitted long-term low-emission development strategies to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) so far.

Recommendation of UNEP:
The report highlighted that renewables and energy efficiency along with electrification of end uses are key to a successful energy transition. It will drive down energy-related CO2 emissions. Strengthening of the NDCs is needed in 2020. All the countries are recommended to increase their NDC ambitions threefold to achieve the well below 2°C goal and more than fivefold to achieve the 1.5°C goal.
Note: Emissions gap: The gap between anticipated emission levels in 2030 and levels consistent with a 2°C/1.5°C target.
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