UN agency listed Bhopal gas tragedy among the worlds major industrial accidents in the last century

Last Updated: April 22, 2019

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UN agency listed Bhopal gas tragedy among the worlds major industrial accidents in the last century
22 April 2019 Current Affairs:

The International Labour Organization (ILO) has listed the Bhopal gas tragedy among the world’s major industrial accidents in the last century.
About Bhopal gas tragedy:
The gas leak in the Union Carbide pesticide plant in the Madhya Pradesh capital, Bhopal on the night of December 2 and 3, 1984, killed over 3,500 people.
Union Carbide, which is now owned by Dow Chemicals, and other firms have so far paid $470 million (Rs 3,261 crore) as compensation to the Indian government.
At least 30 tons of toxic methyl isocyanate was released from the plant.
International Labour Organization (ILO) Report:
ILO’s report titled “Safety and Health at the heart of the Future of Work: Building on 100 years of experience”, listed nine major industrial accidents since 1919.
Apart from the Bhopal gas tragedy, its list included the

  1. 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant explosion in the erstwhile Soviet Union,
  2. the 2011 Fukushima disaster and
  3. the collapse of the Rana Plaza building in Dhaka, Bangladesh, in 2013, which killed 1,132 people.

According to recent estimates released by the ILO, each year 2.78 million workers die from occupational accidents and work-related diseases (of which 2.4 million are disease-related).
About Chernobyl disaster:
In the Chernobyl disaster in April 1986, one of four nuclear reactors at the Chernobyl power station in Ukraine exploded, releasing at least 100 times more radiation than the atom bombs dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima.
The explosion killed 31 people immediately and thousands of people in the aftermath.
About International Labour Organization (ILO):
Formation: 29 October 1919
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
Head: Guy Ryder
Purpose: Promoting jobs, Protecting people

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