04 January 2017 Current Affairs: The Union government of India has launched a Swachh Bharat survey in 500 cities and towns across the country to assess levels of sanitation and the progress made towards achieving ‘Open Defecation Free’ status.
The Swachh Survekshan-2017, conducted by Quality Council of India (QCI), aims to improve sanitation standards in the country by instilling a sense of competition between the cities.
Highlights : The QCI will judge the cities on the basis of the data provided to them by three different sources:
Data provided by Municipal bodies, which will carry 900 marks.
Data collected through primary observation and independent assessment, which will carry 500 marks. Data collected on the basis of citizen feedback, which will carry 600 marks.
Areas of evaluation include:
Waste Collection, sweeping and transportation with 40 per cent marks.
Open defecation free status and toilets with 30 per cent marks.
Municipal Solid Waste processing and disposal with 20 per cent marks.
Information, education and behaviour change with 5 per cent marks
Swachh Bharat Mission e-learning portal with 5 per cent marks.
The citizens will be able to give their feedback by giving a missed call on the number-1969 and recording their response or they can also opt to fill up a feedback form available on the main website of Swachh Survekshan.
Last year, the survey saw participation from about 1 lakh citizens. Among 73 cities surveyed, 15 cities scored more than 70% of the total marks and were categorised as leaders and 20 cities that had a score ranging between 60-70% were categorised as aspiring leaders.
The cities with scores in the range of 50-60% were labelled as cities that need to speed up their efforts and those who scored below 50% were categorised as slow movers who need to work harder to improve sanitation standards in their areas.
Mysuru was declared as the cleanest city, followed by Chandigarh and Tiruchirapalli at second and third rank respectively. Metropolitan cities of Delhi and Mumbai also found a place in the leader’s category with Delhi at rank 4 and Mumbai at 10. Dhanbad, Asansol and Itanagar were ranked the lowest.
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