11 February 2017 Current Affairs: The Pakistan Navy has kicked of its biannually-held multinational AMAN 2017 naval exercise in Karachi, Pakistan. 37 countries are participating in the international event. Aman-17 is the fifth edition such exercise which Pakistan has been holding biannually since 2007. Previous exercises were held in 2007, 2009, 20011, and 2013, and 2016 respectively.
The theme of AMAN 2017 is “together for peace”. It is intended to devise procedures and techniques against conventional and non-conventional threats.
The naval exercise aims at enhancing efforts to combating piracy and protecting international trade routes.
It is divided into two phases viz. Harbor phase and Sea phase. Harbor phase will include ship visits, sports events, and a maritime security conference in which participants will present research papers, among other things. Sea phase will witness a variety of activities including Search & Rescue (SAR) Operations, gunnery drills, anti-piracy demonstrations, replenishment at Sea (RAS) and maritime counter-terrorism demonstrations. It involves ships, aircrafts, helicopters, Explosives Ordinance Disposal (EOD), Special Operations Forces (SOF), marine teams and observers from regional as well extra-regional navies.
Nine countries Australia, China, Turkey, Indonesia, United Kingdom, Sri Lanka, United States, Japan and Russia are participating with warships or aircraft. Turkey and Russia are participating for first time. US has sent four ships, China and Russia have sent three ships, while Australia, Indonesia, UK, Turkey and Sri Lanka have each dispatched one. Japan has sent two P-3C Orion aircraft, whereas the Maldives, Malaysia, Nigeria, and Russia have each dispatched Special Operations Forces detachments.