New species of Pterosaur from early Jurassic Era discovered in Patagonia
Posted on:03 Sep 2016 09:08:51
03 September 2016 Current Affairs: A group of scientists has discovered a new species of pterosaur from the early Jurassic period in the Patagonia region of South America.
The discovery was disclosed in a study that was published in the last week of August 2016 in the journal PeerJ.
The study also provides new information on the origin, tempo and mode of evolution in pterosaurs.
Highlights of the discovery : The new species has been named Allkauren koi from the native Tehuelche word ‘all’ for ‘brain’, and ‘karuen’ for ‘ancient’.
The fossil of Allkaruen koi was found in northern central Chubut Province in Argentina. The remains included a well preserved and uncrushed braincase.The cranial remains were in an excellent state of preservation.
Allkaruen, from the middle lower Jurassic limit, shows an intermediate state in the brain evolution of pterosaurs and their adaptations to the aerial environment.In order to study the neurocranial anatomy, the researchers used computed tomography to observe, in three dimensions, the cranial endocast and the inner ear.
Subsequently, a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the group was performed, including these cranial data and other anatomical features.
FreshersLive - No.1 Job site in India. Fresherslive Current Affairs 2017 section offers informative quiz questions with answers regarding latest current affairs today for all sorts of competitive exams like UPSC, TNPSC , IFS, IAS, IPS, railway exams (RRB) and banking exams like IPBS PO, IPBS clerk, Federal Bank PO, ICICI, SBI, RBI legal officer & Grade officer posts and much more. Register with us to get latest Current Affairs Updates. Also get latest Current Affairs news and quiz Updates for free alerts daily through E-mail