National Supercomputing Mission to boost supercomputing infrastructure

The aim of the mission is to meet the increased computational demands of academia, researchers, MSMEs, and startups by creating the capability design, manufacturing, of supercomputers indigenously in India.
Arjun Manjunadha

Updated: Mar 24,2020 11:14:14 am

National Supercomputing Mission to boost supercomputing infrastructure

24 March 2020 Current Affairs:India's National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) aims to set up to provide the country with supercomputing infrastructure.

Aim:
The aim of the mission is to meet the increased computational demands of academia, researchers, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), and startups by creating the capability design, manufacturing, of supercomputers indigenously in India.

Organized by:
The National Super Computing Mission is jointly led by the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) and Department of Science and Technology (DST) and implemented by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru. 

National Supercomputing Mission:
♦ NSM was established to set up a network of supercomputers ranging from a few Tera Flops (TF) to Hundreds of Tera Flops (TF) and three systems with greater than or equal to 3 Peta Flops (PF) in academic and research institutions of National importance across the country by 2022. 
♦ A total of 15-20 PF was approved in 2015 and was later revised to a total of 45 PF (45000 TFs). 
♦ Also, an increase of 6 times more compute power within the same cost and capable of solving large and complex computational problems. 
♦ Plans to install three more supercomputers by April 2020 has begun. Among three supercomputers, one will be implemented at IIT-Kanpur, second in JN Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru, and 3rd in IIT-Hyderabad. This will ramp up the supercomputing facility to 6 PF.
♦ Also, 11 new systems will be set up in different IITs, NITs, National Labs, and IISERs across India by December 2020. It will have many sub-systems manufactured and microprocessors designed in India, which will bring in a cumulative capacity of 10.4 petaflops.
Param Shivay- First supercomputer:
As per the revised plan, the first supercomputer assembled indigenously, called Param Shivay, was installed in the Indian Institute of Technology (BHU). It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister. Similarly, Param Shakti and Param Brahma were installed at IIT-Kharagpur and Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune. They are equipped with applications from domains like Weather and Climate, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Bioinformatics, and Material science.
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