23 March 2016 Current Affairs: Union Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu recently released a set of model building bye-laws (MBBL), which provide for a structural framework to create an online single window system, thereby reducing corruption.It also makes it mandatory for states to provide all building clearances within 30 days.As per the guidelines, one does not require to come to the national capital to get green clearance for the projects involving built up area of up to 1.5 lakh sq meter.It also focuses more on building adequate number of toilets in buildings, particularly for women, keeping in mind their participation at work place.Currently, there are over 35 different kinds of clearances required from various agencies before initiating any new project. Besides getting clearances from the state-based agencies, the investors in certain projects require clearances from central ministries, including Defence, Civil Aviation, Environment and Forests, Culture and Consumer Affairs.The new model building bye-laws also offer incentives to real estate developers for adopting smart energy solutions. Provision for rainwater harvesting, roof top solar energy harvesting and smart metering have been proposed in the new bye-laws.The local bodies can provide incentives in the form of discounts and tax rebates to those complying with green norms," said Naidu."The aim is complete elimination of human interaction of the applicant with the urban local body, including online approvals of various kinds of no-objection certificates. The time limit for approvals is proposed in the model regulations to be 30 days," he added.To make the system corruption-proof, the new guideline recommends an online system, which eliminates person-to-person interaction.The MBBL provides for integration of various types of environmental considerations. MBBL provides for three categories of buildings based on the built-up area - 5,000 to 20,000 sqm; 20,000 to 50,000 sqm and 50,000 to 150,000 sqm - and different set of environmental conditions are provided for each category.For the first time, a risk based matrix for different types of buildings has been introduced in the bye-laws."The objective of this analysis is that small buildings with low risk criteria should be approved on a fast track and the high risk buildings like mall, multi-story or big comp complexes should be examined in the required detail.