Malawi to undertake the RTS, S vaccine

Last Updated: April 24, 2019

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Malawi to undertake the RTS, S vaccine

Malawi to undertake the RTS, S vaccine

24 April 2019 Current Affairs: Malawi, the African Nation, is to undertake large scale pilot tests for the world's most advanced experimental malaria vaccine in a bid to prevent the disease that kills hundreds of thousands across Africa and Asia every year. The RTS, S vaccine, the first to give partial protection to children, trains the immune system to attack the malaria parasite, which is spread by mosquitos.
RTS, S vaccine:
RTS, S vaccine under the trade name Mosquirix has been developed by GlaxoSmithKline, a British pharmaceutical giant,  in partnership with the PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative. The protein-based RTS, S vaccine went through five years of clinical trials on 15,000 people in seven countries. The vaccine had a lower chance of developing malaria and severe malaria. It is the world's first malaria vaccine that has been shown to provide partial protection against malaria in young children
Even though the potential vaccine does not give full protection against the mosquito-borne disease, it is the furthest along in development and so far the most effective. The pilot tests aim to immunize around 120,000 children aged 2 and below to assess the effectiveness of the pilot vaccine and whether the delivery process is feasible. Malaria which spreads to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes has killed 435,000 people in 2017 alone and the majority of them were children under 5 in Africa.
Republic of Malawi:
Formerly known as Nyasaland
President: Peter Mutharika
Vice-President: Saulos Chilima
Currency: Kwacha (D) (MWK)
Capital: Lilongwe

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