01 December 2016 Current Affairs: Magnus Carlsen won the 2016 World Chess Championship in New York City, USA.
Carlsen defeated Sergey Karjakin to retain the World Chess Champion title. It’s the third time that Carlsen has won the championship. He has reigned as world champion since 2013.
Magnus Carlsen : Magnus Carlsen is a Norwegian chess grandmaster.
He became a chess Grandmaster in 2004, at the age of 13 years. This made him the third-youngest grandmaster in history.
In November 2013, he became World Champion by defeating Viswanathan Anand in the World Chess Championship. On the May 2014 FIDE rating list, he reached his peak rating of 2882, which is the highest in history.
He successfully defended his title in November 2014 by defeating Anand once again.
In 2014, he also won the World Rapid Championship and the World Blitz Championship, thus holding all three world championship titles.
World Chess Championship : The World Chess Championship is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
It is generally regarded to have commenced in 1886.
From 1948 to 1993, the championship was administered by the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
In 1993, the reigning champion (Garry Kasparov) broke away from FIDE, which led to the creation of the rival PCA championship. The titles were unified at the World Chess Championship 2006.