Kanchenjunga Biosphere - Botanical Survey of India

The Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in Sikkim is one of the highest ecosystems in the world, with an altitude of 1,220 meters.

Updated: Jul 14, 2021 12:43:27 pm

14 July 2021 Current Affairs:According to a recent publication by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI), Sikkim, India's smallest state with less than 1% of the country's landmass, is home to 27% of all flowering plants. Sikkim is a part of the Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve.

About Kanchenjunga Biosphere:
♦ The Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in Sikkim is one of the highest ecosystems in the world, with an altitude of 1,220 meters.
♦ The biosphere contains various altitudinal ecosystems ranging from subtropic to Arctic, as well as natural forests in various biomes that support an enormously rich diversity of forest types and habitats.
♦ The Park contains the world's third highest peak, Mt. Khangchendzonga.
♦ The Biosphere reserve includes a number of lakes and glaciers, including the 26-kilometer-long Zemu Glacier.
♦ In 2016, Khangchendzonga National Park (KNP) was designated a World Heritage Site in the ‘mixed' category (Mixed heritage sites contain elements of both natural and cultural significance).
♦ The Khangchendzonga  Biosphere Reserve in Sikkim surrounds the Khangchendzonga , the third highest peak in the world, and has been included in the UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve Network, making it India's 11th biosphere reserve to be included in the network.
♦ Its geographical location – bordering Nepal, Tibet (China), and close to Bhutan – provides unique opportunities for joint collaboration and biodiversity conservation with neighbouring countries.
♦ Increasing unregulated tourism, a lack of awareness about the landscape, and a staff shortage are some of the major challenges in preserving the reserve's sanctity.
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