Japanese Encephalitis claims 54 lives in Odisha’s Malkangiri district

Posted on:17 Oct 2016 18:09:03
Japanese Encephalitis claims 54 lives in Odisha’s Malkangiri district
17 October 2016 Current Affairs: The Japanese Encephalitis has claimed 54 lives in Odisha’s backward Malkangiri district in just a more than a month. The State Government is monitoring and overseeing the measures to check the spread of Japanese Encephalitis.

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus. It belongs to the same genus as dengue, yellow fever and West Nile viruses. The first case of JE was documented in 1871 in Japan.

JE primarily affects children. Most adults in endemic countries have natural immunity after childhood infection, but individuals of any age may be affected.

It is transmitted by rice field breeding mosquitoes (primarily Culex tritaeniorhynchus group). The mosquitoes transmit JE by feeding on domestic pigs and wild birds infected with the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). It is not transmitted from person-to-person.

Major JE outbreaks occur every 2-15 years. JE transmission mainly intensifies during the rainy season, during which vector populations increase.

Most JE infections are mild (fever and headache) or without apparent symptoms, but it may result in severe clinical illness. Severe infection is marked by quick onset, headache, high fever, neck stiffness, disorientation, stupor, occasional convulsions (especially in infants) etc.

There is no specific therapy. Intensive supportive therapy is indicated.

Monthly Current Affairs

Current Affairs Section

Daily Current Affairs Quiz

Subscribe to Current Affairs

Enter your email to get daily current affairs

Current Affairs September 2017

25 SEPTEMBER
NEWS
23 SEPTEMBER
NEWS
22 SEPTEMBER
NEWS
21 SEPTEMBER
NEWS

Current Affairs August 2017

31 AUGUST
NEWS
30 AUGUST
NEWS
29 AUGUST
NEWS
28 AUGUST
NEWS

Current Affairs July 2017

31 JULY
NEWS
29 JULY
NEWS
28 JULY
NEWS
27 JULY
NEWS