01 December 2016 Current Affairs: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is using drones to map disasters in north-eastern States by collecting land details and add it to data from remote sensing satellites.
In this regard, ISRO’s Shillong-based North-Eastern Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC) has tested unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to map various problems and disasters.
NE-SAC has taken the initiative for design and assembling of UAVs for various applications to assess several regional problems in the northeast region.
UAVs can perform efficient surveys for disaster-prone or physically inaccessible areas. It can undertake quick damage assessment of floods, landslides and earthquakes and enable timely relief measures. These drones providing ground-based details which are generally combined with data from ISRO’s remote sensing satellites.
Recently they were used for to map the area affected by landslides along NH40, Meghalaya’s life line. It also gave the extent of damage caused to pest-infested paddy fields in Naramari village of Assam.
North-Eastern Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC) : NE-SAC is a joint initiative of Department of Space (DoS) and North Eastern Council. It was started in the year 2000. It is located at Umiam (near Shillong), Meghalaya. It aims to provide developmental support to the North Eastern region using Space technology-based communication and technology.
Its mandate is to develop high technology infrastructure support to enable NE states to adopt space technology for their development. NE-SAC provides developmental support by undertaking specific application projects using remote sensing, satellite communication, GIS and conducts space science research.
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