20 October 2016 Current Affairs: Noted British statistician Sir David Cox was named the inaugural recipient of the International Prize in Statistics on 19 October 2016. He is honoured for Survival Analysis Model Applied in Medicine, Science, and Engineering.
The International Prize in Statistics Foundation is recognizing Cox specifically for his 1972 paper in which he developed the proportional hazards model that today bears his name.
Cox Model : The Cox Model is widely used in the analysis of survival data and enables researchers to more easily identify the risks of specific factors for mortality or other survival outcomes among groups of patients with disparate characteristics.
From disease risk assessment and treatment evaluation to product liability, school dropout, reincarceration and AIDS surveillance systems, the Cox Model has been applied essentially in all fields of science, as well as in engineering.Successful application of the Cox Model has led to life-changing breakthroughs with far-reaching societal effects. Some of these effects are:
Demonstrating that a major reduction in smoking-related cardiac deaths could be seen within just one year of smoking cessation, not 10 or more years as previously thought.
Showing the mortality effects of particulate air pollution, a finding that has changed both industrial practices and air quality regulations worldwide.Identifying risk factors of coronary artery disease and analyzing treatments for lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, obesity, sleep apnea and septic shock.
His 1972 paper is one of the three most-cited papers in statistics and ranked 16th in Nature's list of the top 100 most-cited papers of all time for all fields.
Sir David Cox : Cox is a noted figure in the field of statistics.
In 2010, he received the Copley Medal, the Royal Society's highest award that has also been bestowed upon such other world-renowned scientists as Peter Higgs, Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein.He was knighted in 1985.
He is a fellow of the Royal Society, an honorary fellow of the British Academy and a foreign associate of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.
He has served as president of the Bernoulli Society, Royal Statistical Society and International Statistical Institute.