Indian Researchers Sequence Pangolin Scales

The primary demand for its scales in the production of conventional East Asian medicines has resulted in a $2.5 billion annual illicit trade.
Sheena

Updated: May 15, 2021 03:45:49 pm

15 May 2021 Current Affairs:Indian scientists have sequenced 624 pangolin scales, allowing them to differentiate between Indian and Chinese pangolins.

Highlights:
♦ Despite being classified in Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972, pangolins are still the most trafficked mammal on the world. 
♦ The primary demand for its scales in the production of conventional East Asian medicines has resulted in a $2.5 billion annual illicit trade.
♦ Researchers from the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Kolkata, have developed tools to distinguish between the scales of Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and Chinese pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in order to implement relevant national and international laws and monitor the species' decline.
♦ They sequenced 624 pangolin scales and compared the sequences to all eight pangolin species to characterise morphological features and explore genetic differences between the two species.
♦ The team was able to categorise the two species of Indian and Chinese pangolins based on their size, shape, weight, and ridge counts on the scales.
♦ Though the Chinese pangolin is mainly found in Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia, it is also found in the north-eastern part of India
 
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