India Inequality Report 2021 - Oxfam

The overall improvement in the infant mortality rate (IMR) is not uniform across social groups. When compared to the general category, Dalits, Adivasis, and OBCs have higher IMR.
Sheena

Updated: Jul 23, 2021 11:55:40 am

23 July 2021 Current Affairs:Oxfam India’s report entitled "Inequality Report 2021: India’s Unequal Health Care Story" shows that due to the lack of universal health coverage (UHC), socio-economic inequality permeates the health sector and is marginalized.

Highlights:
♦ It provides a comprehensive analysis of health outcomes across different socioeconomic groups in order to assess the level of health inequality that exists in the country.
♦ The findings are primarily based on secondary analysis of the National Family Health Survey rounds 3 and 4 as well as various rounds of the National Sample Survey.

Finding of the Report:
♦ The performance of different groups: the general category performs better than SC and ST; Hindus perform better than Muslims; the rich perform better than the poor; men live better than women; the urban population is better than rural population in all health indicators 
State performance: States that have been reducing inequality in the past few years, such as the inequality in access to health between the general category and the SC and ST populations, but have fewer confirmed Covid cases, such as Himachal Pradesh, Telangana, and Rajasthan. 
Rural-Urban Divide: This was highlighted during the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, when rural areas experienced a shortage of tests, oxygen, or hospital beds.
Doctor-to-person ratio: According to the 2017 National Health Record, there is one government allopathic doctor for every 10,189 people and one public hospital for every 90,343 people.
Hospital Beds: Because of insufficient investment in public health infrastructure, the number of beds in the country has actually decreased, from 9 beds per 10,000 people in the 2010 Human Development Report to there is only 5 beds per 10,000 people today.
Women Literacy: While literacy among women has improved across social groups over the years, SC and ST women lag behind the general category by 18.6 percent and 2 percent, respectively.
Sanitation: In terms of sanitation, 65.7 percent of general-category households have access to improved, non-shared sanitation facilities, while SC households are 28.5 percent behind and ST households are 39.8 percent behind.
Immunization: At 55.8 percent, ST households are still 6.2 percent less immunised than the national average, with Muslims having the lowest rate of any socio-religious group, at 55.4 percent.
Life Expectancy: Based on wealth, the bottom 20% of households have a life expectancy of 65.1 years, while the top 20% have a life expectancy of 72.7 years.
Antenatal Care: The percentage of mothers who received full antenatal care fell from 37% in 2005-06 to 21% in 2015-16.
Infant Mortality Rate: The overall improvement in the infant mortality rate (IMR) is not uniform across social groups. When compared to the general category, Dalits, Adivasis, and OBCs have higher IMR.
 
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