30 May 2016 Current Affairs: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) will start giving state-specific monsoon forecast from the next year.IMD will start making state-wise monsoon forecast from 2017 apart from zone-wise prediction,” Union Minister for Earth Sciences, Harsh Vardhan.
The National Monsoon Mission has already been approved. It's a Rs 400 crore project. Dynamic model is being introduced now. Big computers have already been installed, the programmes have been put in place.From next year we will start a spatial model. We will start giving monthly models. These are in advanced stages. there is a detailed plan to take it to the block level in next 2-3 years.
The IMD currently gives zone-specific daily monsoon forecast during the season for northwest, central India, southern peninsula and east and northeast regions. It is further divided into sub-zones.
The Ministry of Earth Sciences has launched 'National Monsoon Mission' (NMM) with a vision to develop a state-of-the-art dynamical prediction system for monsoon rainfall on different time scales.
MoES has bestowed the responsibility of execution and coordination of this mission to the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune. For this national mission, IITM is collaborating with NCEP (USA), MoES organisations and various academic organizations and institutions under NMM.
Climate Forecast System (CFS) of NCEP, USA has been identified as the basic modelling system for the purpose as it is one of the best among the currently available models.
India Meteorological Department : The India Meteorological Department (IMD), also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India. It is the principal agency responsible for meteorological observations,weather forecasting and seismology. IMD is headquartered in New Delhi and operates hundreds of observation stations across India and Antarctica.IMD is also one of the six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres of the World Meteorological Organization. It has the responsibility for forecasting, naming and distribution of warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean region, including the Malacca Straits, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.