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Government issued drought advisory in 6 states as water levels in dams dip to critical level

Last Updated: May 21, 2019

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Government issued drought advisory in 6 states as water levels in dams dip to critical level

Government issued drought advisory in 6 states as water levels in dams dip to critical level

21 May 2019 Current Affairs: Centre has issued a drought advisory to six southern and western states and has asked them to use water judiciously as the water storage in dams dropping to a critical level. The 6 states are Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu.
The drought advisory is issued to states when the water level in reservoirs is 20% less than the average of live water storage figures of the past 10 years. Water falls under the state list and the advisory recommends states to use it for drinking purpose only till the dams are replenished.
The 'Water' subject falls under the state list mentioned in the Indian Constitution and recent drought advisory recommends states to use water for drinking purpose only till dams are replenished. The drought advisory is issued to states when the water level in reservoirs is about 20% less than the average of live water storage figures of the past 10 years.
Central Water Commission (CWC):
The Central Water Commission (CWC)  is a technical organization in the field of Water Resources. It monitors water storage available in 91 major reservoirs across the country. CWC functions as an attached office of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
According to recent figures released by CWC, total water storage available is only 22 % (it was 24% in May 2019) of total storage capacity (which is 161.993 BCM) of these reservoirs. 
The western region includes Gujarat and Maharashtra. There are 27 reservoirs: 10 in Gujarat and 17 in Maharashtra, having a total live storage capacity of 31.26 BCM.
The southern region includes states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. There are 31 reservoirs: two of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana together, Andhra Pradesh (1), Telangana (2), Karnataka (14), Kerala (6) and Tamil Nadu (6), under CWC monitoring having a total live storage capacity of 51.59 BCM.
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