27 May 2016 Current Affairs GK: A jury in San Francisco has cleared Google of copyright infringement in a case brought by Oracle over Google’s use of Java in Android. Oracle was seeking damages of up to $9 billion US dollars on 26 May 2016.
The jury of eight women and two men took three days to declare its verdict. The jury found that Android does not infringe Oracle-owned copyrights because its re-implementation of 37 Java APIs is protected by fair use.
What was the case : Oracle America, Inc. v. Google, Inc. was a dispute related to Oracle's copyright and patent claims on Google's Android operating system.Java was originally developed at Sun Microsystems starting in 1991. It included a new programming language, a virtual machine, and a set of libraries for use with the language.
Android, Inc. was founded in 2003 to develop a mobile phone platform.Google purchased Android in 2005 and continued developing the Android operating system.
On 5 November 2007, Google released a beta of the Android platform noting that it would use some Java technologies. Sun CEO Jonathan Schwartz responded the same day, congratulating Google.
Google released the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) on 12 November 2007.Amongst other APIs, Android included Apache Harmony implementations of some of the APIs from the Java SE specification.
Google negotiated with Sun about possible partnership and licensing deals for Java, but no agreement was reached.Oracle purchased Sun in January 2010, and continued developing Java. Oracle sued Google for copyright and patent infringement in August 2010.
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