01 September 2016 Current Affairs: Brazil’s Senate has removed President Dilma Rousseff from office for breaking budgetary laws, thus, putting an end to the impeachment process that has paralyzed the politics of the nation for nine months.
A total of 61 senators voted in favour of her dismissal and 20 against, meeting the two-thirds majority needed to remove Rousseff from the presidency for illegally using money from state banks to boost public spending. With this, the 13 years of rule of leftist Workers Party came to an end.
Rousseff was already suspended from the office in May 2016. She was accused of breaking fiscal laws in her management of the federal budget, which is illegal under Brazilian law. Rousseff was also accused of taking illegal state loans to hide budget holes in 2014, covering up the country’s problems as it slipped into its deepest recession in decades.
Rousseff came to political prominence as the heir-apparent to former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who governed Brazil from 2003 to 2011.
She was first Sworn in as the Brazil's first female president in 2011. She was also re-elected to a second term in 2014.
The leftist Workers Party came to power in 2003. And since then, there has been a series of corruption outrages involving politicians from the governing party and also opposition parties. The two biggest corruption cases were:
Mensalao : The Mensalao scandal was a vote-buying case of corruption that threatened to bring down the government of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 2005. The public funds were illegally used to pay a number of Congressional deputies in exchange for backing the government in crucial votes. However, the Supreme Court, in its trial in 2012, convicted 25 politicians, bankers and businessmen, some of whom were top members of the Workers' Party.
Operation Car Wash : It is an investigation being carried out by the Federal Police of Brazil since March 2014. It has uncovered evidence that Brazil's biggest construction firms overcharged Petrobras for building contracts. Prosecutors allege that the Workers' Party partly financed its campaigns and expenses through these kickbacks.