16 December 2016 Current Affairs: Assam’s island district, Majuli will now become India's first ever Carbon neutral district by 2020.
The project titled ‘'Sustainable Action for Climate Resilient Development in Majuli' (SACRed, Majuli) was launched by Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forest, A K Johari on 14 December 2016. It was initiated by Assam’s department of Environment and Forest to fight against climate change and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
According to Johari, the project would start with afforestation, reforestation, and conservation of the existing flora and fauna, followed by other methods to ensure sustainable development over the next three years.
The implementation of the project will happen in partnership with other departments of the district, for which the government has created a special district level committee under the leadership of the Majuli’s Deputy Commissioner Pallav Gopal Jha.
During the project’s launch meeting, Jha emphasised on the importance of climate-based decision making and highlighted the need for low emission development strategy for Majuli.
Majuli district : Situated on the Brahmaputra River, the district is the world’s largest river island and India's first Island district. It is located towards the east of Assam’s largest city – Guwahati.
It was formed due to change in the course of Brahmaputra and its tributaries.
It is inhabited mostly by the members of Mising tribe, who migrated from Arunachal Pradesh to the region centuries back.
The sole mode of transportation that connects the district to the mainland is ferry service.
Over the period, the district has modernised, especially with the setting up of medical centres and educational institutions.