List of Scientific Inventions and Discoveries in India

An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. The invention process is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product, or a new process for creating an object or a result.
Inventor Inventions Year Country
Berthelot Acetylene Gas 1862 France
Pascal Adding machine 1642 France
Richard Drew Adhesive tape, Scotch 1930 USA
Orville & Wilbur Wright Aeroplane 1903 USA
Carrier Air conditioning 1902 USA
Ohain Aeroplane, jet engine 1939 Germany
Henri Giffard Airship(non-rigid) 1852 France
Erik Rotheim Aerosol spray 1926 Norway
William Kolff Artificial heart 1957 Netherlands
J Robert Oppenheimer Atomic bomb 1945 USA
Moseley atomic numbers 1913 Britain
Dalton atomic theory 1803 Britain
John Browning automatic rifle 1918 USA
Leo H Baekeland Bakelite 1907 Belgium
Wernher von Braun ballistic missile 1944 Germany
Jacques & Joseph Montgolfier balloon 1783 France
John J loud ballpoint pen 1888 USA
Evangelista Torricelli barometer 1644 Italy
Alessandro Volta battery(electric) 1800 Italy
Kirkpatrick Macmillan bicycle 1839-40 Britain
John Boyd Duniop bicycle tyres(pneumatic) 1888 Britain
Benjamin Franklin bifocal lens 1780 USA
Tennant bleaching powder 1798 Britain
R. Willhelm von Bunsen Bunsen Burner 1855 Germany
Edwin T. Holmes burglar alarms 1858 USA
Newton calculus 1670 Britain
Walker Eastman camera, Kodak 1888 USA
Appert canned food 1804 France
Nicolas Cugnot Car(Steam) 1769 France
Karl Benz car(Petrol) 1888 Germany
Gottlieb Daimler Carburettor 1876 Germany
Philips co. Cassette, Audio 1963 Holland
Sony Cassette videotape 1969 Japan
Alexander Parkes Celluloid 1861 Britain
Joseph Aspdin Cement (Portland) 1824 Britain
Ehrlich Chemotheraphy 1909 Germany
John Harrison Chronometer 1735 Britain
Nicolas and Jean Lumiere Cinema 1895 France
I Hsing & Liang Ling Tsan Clock (Mechanical) 1725 China
Boyer, Cohen Cloning, DNA 1973 USA
Wilmut, et al Cloning, mammal 1996 UK
RCA Compact disc 1972 USA
Sony, Philips co Compact disc player 1979 Japan, Netherlands
Sinclair Computer, laptop 1987 Britain
Digital corp Computer,mini 1960 USA
Arthur Wynne Crossword puzzle 1913 USA
Hounsfield CT Scan 1973 Britain
Rudolf Diesel Diesel engine 1895 Germany
Dr. F Lanchester Disc brakes 1902 Britain
Phillips co Disc, video 1972 Holland
Crick-UK,Watson-US,Wilkins-UK DNA, structure 1951
Hypolite Pixii Dynamo 1832 France
H.W. Seeley Electric flat iron 1882 USA
Thomas alva Edison Electric lamp 1879 USA
Zenobe Gramme electric motor (DC) 1873 Belgium
Nikola Tesla Electric motor (AC) 1888 USA
Henry W.Seely Electric iron 1882 USA
Alva J Fisher Electric washing machine 1906 USA
William Sturgeon Electromagnet 1824 Britain
Thomson J Electron 1897 Britain
Luigi Brugnatelli Electroplating 1805 Italy
Dr Alan M turning Electronic computer 1824 Britain
Alexander Bain Facsimile machine 1843 Britain
Kepany Fibre-optics 1955 Britain
Louise Prince Film (moving outlines) 1885 France
J. Engl, J.Mussolle & H Vogt Film (talking) 1922 Germany
Dr Le de forest Film (musical sound) 1923 USA
IBM Floppy disk 1970 USA
EH Armstrong Frequency modulation 1933 USA
Fred Morrisson Frisbee 1948 USA
Lewis E. Waterman Fountain pen 1884 USA
Andre-Marie Ampere Galvanometer 1834 France
Sir George Cayley Glider 1853 Britain
Thomas Alva Edison Gramophone 1878 USA
Etinne Oehmichen Helicopter 1924 France
Martagnier HIV 1984 France
Denis Gason Holography 1947 Britain
Edward Teller Hydrogen bomb 1952 USA
Simon Binet Intelligence testing 1905 France
Sir Frank Whittle Jet engine 1937 Britain
Theodore Maiman Laser 1960 USA
J.F. Cantrell Launderette 1934 USA
Elisha G Otis Lift (mechanical) 1852 USA
Benjamin Franklin Lightning conductor 1752 USA
Richard Trevithick Locomotive 1804 Britain
Napier Logarithms 1614 Britain
E cartwright Loom, power 1785 Britain
Horace Short Loudspeaker 1900 Britain
Richard Gatling Machine gun 1718 Britain
Fritz Pfleumer Magnetic recording tape 1928 Germany
John Walker Match, safety 1826 Britain
Alexander Graham Bell Microphone 1876 USA
Robert Noyce & Gordon Moore Microprocessor 1971 USA
Z.Janssen Microscope,comp 1590 Netherlands
Ruska Knoll Microscopes, elect 1931 Germany
Percy LeBaron Spencer Microwave oven 1947 USA
G. Daimler Motorcycle 1885 Germany
Thomas Edison Movie projector 1593 USA
Damadian MRI 1971 USA
George Claude Neon lamp 1910 France
Chadwick Neutron 1932 Britain
Samuel Cohan Neutron bomb 1958 USA
Dr Wallace H Carothers Nylon 1937 USA
Narinder Kapany Optical fibre 1955 Germany
Paper AD 105 China
Zoll Pacemaker 1952 USA is
Lewis Pasteur Pasteurization 1867 France
Lacques Nicolas Conte Pencil 1792 France
Mendeleyev Periodic table 1869 Russia
Carlson Photocopier 1938 USA
Julius Elster, Hans F Geitel Photoelectric cell 1893 Germany
Reichenbach Photo film, celluloid 1893 USA
Goodwin Eastman Photo film, transparent 1884 USA
J.N. Niepce Photography (on metal) 1826 France
W.H. Fox Talbot Photography (on paper) 1835 Britain
John Carbutt Photography (on film) 1888 USA
Cristofori Piano 1709 Italy
Colt Pistol, revolver 1836 USA
Kennedy, whal,Seaborg,Segre Plutonium fission 1940 USA
Charles Strite Pop-up toaster 1927 USA
Johann Gutenberg Printing press 1455 Germany
Richard Hoe Printing (rotatory) 1846 USA
William Bullock Printing (Web) 1865 USA
Rutherford Proton 1919 New Zealand
Plank Quantum theory 1900 Germany
AH Taylor and Leo C Young Radar 1922 USA
Libby Radiocarbon dating 1947 USA
Dr Mohlon Loomis Radio telegrapy 1864 USA
G Marconi Radio telegrapy (trans Atlantic) 1901 Italy
Sir Joseph Swan Rayon 1883 Britain
Col Jacob Schick Razor (electric) 1931 USA
King C Gillette Razor (safety) 1895 USA
James Harrison, Alexandre catlin Refrigerator 1850 USA
Einstein Relativity theory 1905 Germany
Dunlop Rubber Co. Rubber (latex foam) 1928 Britain
Thomas Hancock Rubber (Tyres) 1846 Britain
Charles Goodyear Rubber (Vulcanised) 1841 USA
Charles Macintosh Rubber (waterproof) 1823 Britain
Walter Hunt Safety pin 1849 USA
King camp Gillette Safety razor 1903 USA
Volvo Seatbelt 1959 Sweden
Charles F Kettering Self-starter 1911 USA
IC Perier Ship (steam) 1775 France
Hon Sir C Parson Ship (turbine) 1894 Britain
Silk manufacture 50 BC China
W Le Baron Jenny Skyscraper 1882 USA
William Oughtred Slide rule 1621 Britain
Sir Richard Arkwright Spinning frame 1769 Britain
JamesHargreaves Spinning Jenny 1764 Britain
Samuel Crompton Spinning Mule 1779 Britain
Thomas Savery Steam Engine 1698 Britain
Thomas Newcomen Steam Engine(Piston) 1712 Britain
James Watt Steam Engine(Condenser) 1765 Britain
Harry Brealey Steel(Stainless) 1913 Britain
Laennec Stethoscope 1819 French
David Bushnell Submarine 1776 USA
J.H Van Tassel Super Computer 1976 USA
Moog Synthesiser 1964 USA
Sir Emest D Swington Tank 1914 Britain
Fessenden Poulsen Tape recorder 1899 Denmark
M Lammond Telegraph 1787 France
Samuel FB Morse Telegraph code 1837 USA
Bell Labs Telephone, cellular 1947 USA
Antonio Meucci Telephone (imperfect) 1849 Italy
Alexander Graham Bell Telephone (perfected) 1876 USA
Hans Lippershey Telescope 1608 Netherlands
John Logie Baird Television (mechanical) 1926 Britain
P.T Farnsworth Television (electronic) 1927 USA
John Logie Baird Television, colour 1928 Britain
Michael Faraday Transformer 1831 Britain
Bardeen, Shockley & Brattain Transistor 1948 USA
Sony Transistor radio 1955 Japan
Szilard Fermi Uranium fission, atomic reactor 1942 USA
Spangler Vacuum cleaner 1907 USA
Charles Ginsberg Videotape 1956 USA
Geprges de Mestral Velcro(hook-and-loop-fastner) 1948 Switzerland
Hurley Machine co Washing machine(elec) 1907 USA
Bartholomew Manfredi Watch 1462 Italy
Elisha Thomson Welder (electric) 1877 USA
Persian corn grinding Windmill 600
G Marconi Wireless (telegraph the) 1896 Italy
W.K Roentgen x-ray 1895 Geremany
W.L Judson Zip Fastener 1891 USA

Last Updated: August 23, 2019

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