The Republic of India has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. All the symbols were picked up at various times.
The design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly just before independence, on 22 July 1947.There are also several other symbols including the national animal, bird, flower, fruit and tree.
National Emblem :
The National Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Buddhist Lion capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.
National Animal :
The Tiger is the National Animal of India. It is the symbol of India's wealth of wildlife. The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal.
National Bird :
The Peacock (Pavo Cristatus), is the National Bird of India. It is the symbol of qualities like beauty and grace.
National Flag :
The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and the dark green at the bottom and a blue wheel (chakra) with 24 sticks at the centre.
National Fruit :
The Mango (Mangiferra Indica) is the National Fruit. It has been cultivated in India since time immemorial.
National Tree :
The National Tree of India is the Banyan (Ficus bengalensis)Tree. This huge tree towers over its neighbors and has the widest trunk.
National Sport :
Sport Field Hockey, in which India has an impressive record with eight Olympic medals, is considered as the National Sport. However, Home Ministry has said that officially, no sport has been accorded, the status of national Sport.
National Anthem :
Jana-Gana-Mana.. .the song was composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, adopted in its Hindi version is our National Anthem.
National Song :
The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, is our National song.
National Calender :
The National Calender based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22nd March, 1957.
National Flower :
Lotus, scientifically known as Nelumbo nucifera is the National Flower of India.
|Other National Symbols of India
|National Sentence : Satyamev Jayate
|Father of the Nation : Mahatma Gandhi
|National Foreign Policy : Non-Alignment
|National Information Letter : White Letter
|National Currency : Rupee
|National Festivals :
Republic Day (26th January)
Independence Day (15th August)
Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October)
|National River : Ganga
|National Aquatic Animal : Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
|National Heritage Animal : Elephant