Current Affairs Today
Arunachal Pradesh is threatened by the high water discharge from China. This is the highest discharge of water in the last 50 years. The unusually high discharge might submerge at least 12 villages along the river Siang in Arunachal Pradesh.
It is expected that the sudden release of water may be from man-made barriers or a natural dam that was formed due to landslides caused by major earthquakes in the Tibetan region of China in November 2017.
The authorities of Arunachal Pradesh’s East Siang district have issued advisory warnings to the people of 12 villages to be in high alert. The government has been asked to take immediate measures to prevent yet another state from flooding post the devastating Kerala floods.
♦ The Brahmaputra enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, where it is called Siang.
♦ It makes a very rapid descent from its original height in Tibet and finally appears in the plains, where it is called Dihang.
♦ It flows for about 35 km (22 miles) and is joined by the Dibang River and the Lohit River at the head of the Assam Valley.
A recent census has revealed that the population of the Nilgiri tahr, an endangered mountain goat, at the Mukurthi National Park has grown by 18% from 480 to 568 in the last two years. The population estimation exercise was conducted by the Forest Department and the Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, Government Arts College, Udhagamandalam.
Nilgiri tahr also faces several threats. The continuing spread of invasive species of flora, such as wattle and pine, and exotic weeds like the scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius) and gorse diminish the grazing land for the tahrs. The Forest Department is stepping up efforts to eliminate those weeds in over 125 hectares of Shola grasslands.
The Reserve Bank of India's annual report for 2017-2018 indicates that demonetisation didn't curb black money, as it shows that over 99.3 percent of the old Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 notes were returned.
Demonetised notes worth Rs 15.31 lakh crore, out of a total of Rs 15.41 lakh crore, were returned.
Post-demonetisation, RBI spent Rs 7,965 crore in 2016-17 on printing new Rs 500 and Rs 2,000 and other denomination notes, more than double the Rs 3,421 crore spent in the previous year.
Russia will be conducting Vostok-2018 (East-2018) military exercise in central and eastern Russian military districts from September 11 to 15, 2018. In this military exercise participation of units from the Russian Army, Air Force and Navy will be involved. More than 300,000 troops, 36,000 tanks, armoured personnel carriers, armoured infantry vehicles, over 1,000 military aircraft, two naval fleets and all its airborne units will participate in this military exercise.
China and Mongolia will also participate in Vostok 2018. It is expected that it will be the biggest war games ever conducted by Russia since Zapad-81 (West-81) exercise. Zapad-81 was conducted by the Soviet Union in 1981 which had seen involvement about 100,000 to 150,000 troops.
Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport was renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji ‘Maharaj’ International Airport.
The Maharashtra government on December 8 decided to insert the word ‘Maharaj’ to the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport as it felt the Maratha warrior king deserved to be paid more respect. A proposal was passed in the Assembly and forwarded to the Centre in December 2016.
The request was initially made by BJP MP Sambhaji Raje Chhatrapati, who is also the 13th descendant of the Maratha warrior king.
Mumbai’s airport was formerly known as Sahar International Airport. It was renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in 1999.
Notably in 2016, the BJP government in Haryana renamed Gurgaon, which became Gurugram, and changed the name of Mewat to Nuh.
IPL side Royal Challengers Bangalore have appointed India's 2011 World Cup-winning coach Gary Kirsten as their new head coach.
The former South African batsman Gary Kirsten is replacing former New Zealand spinner Daniel Vettori, who served as the team's coach from 2013.
Kirsten also briefly served as the coach of the South African national team and another IPL franchise Delhi Daredevils.
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) is on discussion with ONGC to merge its subsidiary Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL) with itself. HPCL is owned by ONGC. The Centre has transferred its 51% stake in HPCL to ONGC for Rs. 36,915 crore, in early 2018. HPCL owns 17% stake in MRPL while its parent ONGC holds a majority 71.63% stake in the company.
The company is to invest Rs.75,000 crore over five years across its business segments namely refinery expansion, marketing, renewables and R&D and joint ventures. HPCL plans to expand capacity at its Visakhapatnam and Mumbai refinery.
Around 38 Countries participating in the scenario.
About Sri Lanka
Official languages: Sinhala Tamil
Recognised languages: English
President: Maithripala Sirisena
Prime Minister: Ranil Wickremesinghe
Speaker of the Parliament: Karu Jayasuriya
Idea Cellular and Vodafone have merged their operations and have officially become operational as a single entity under the name ‘Vodafone Idea Limited’.
After National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) cleared the merger on August 31, Vodafone Idea topples Bharti Airtel as the largest telecom service provider in India with a subscriber base of over 408 million.
The Board has appointed Balesh Sharma as the CEO of Vodafone-Idea.
The 27-year-old Jinson Johnson clocked 3:44.72 seconds to finish first in men's 1500m event. He also won silver in the 800m event at Asian Games 2018.
Another Indian Manjit Singh, who bagged gold in 800m, finished fourth in the men's 1500m event.
The Innovation cell, an initiative of the Ministry, has been established at the premises of All India Council for Technical Education with a view to foster the culture of innovation in all Higher Education Institutions across the country.
About Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)
Govt. of India is introducing ‘Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARIIA)’ to systematically rank education institutions and universities primarily on innovation-related indicators.
ARIIA ranking will certainly inspire Indian institutions to reorient their mindset and build ecosystems to encourage high-quality research, innovation, and entrepreneurship.
More than quantity, ARIIA will focus on the quality of innovations and will try to measure the real impact created by these innovations nationally and internationally.
The new pact will provide 10.6 percent wage hike to workers and pensioners.
The wage settlement covers Group C and D employees benefiting at least 32,000 workers and 1 lakh pensioners in 12 major ports across the country.
The workers and pensioners will get this benefit for a period of five years, beginning in January 2017.
The main aim of the MOU is to deepen cooperation in support of clean energy innovations to accelerate the research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) of clean energy technologies.
India and will help support the generation of data for policymaking and improve knowledge of good policy practices for innovation in India and around the world.
The Madhya Pradesh Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Project will develop 125,000 hectares of new, highly efficient and climate resilient irrigation networks.
About Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank is a regional development Bank established in 1966.
Headquarters of ADB is in Manila, Philippines.
Takehiko Nakao is Present President of the Asian Development Bank.
Uber plans to launch ‘Uber Elevate’, an air taxi service, in 2020. Uber chose Dallas and Los Angeles as its first two launch cities in the U.S. for introducing its aerial taxi service. Uber is considering to include India in this service. It has also shortlisted five countries, namely India, Japan, Australia, Brazil and France and one of them will become the first Uber Air City outside of the United States.
Uber will be operating demonstrator flights starting 2020 and beginning commercial operations in 2023 in the three cities. The company plans to use Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft for the service.