Top 15 Current Affairs 28th August 2018

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28 August 2018

Scientists of NIAID’s influenza research program have found a potential universal influenza vaccine which could protect people against most strains of the virus. A strong antibody response to a structure on the surface of flu viruses called the Hemagglutinin (HA) stalk. It has the potential to be developed into a universal flu vaccine. Unlike the current seasonal flu vaccines, it could be given a few times over a lifetime to provide protection potentially similar to a tetanus vaccine. Flu viruses are classified by two proteins on the outer surface of the virus: hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N). There are 18 different H subtypes and 11 different N subtypes, and viruses can be further broken down into different strains within those subtypes. The H protein (also called HA) enables the flu virus to enter a human cell. It is made up of a head and a stem. Seasonal flu vaccines fight infection by inducing antibodies that target the HA head. This region varies season to season, which is why flu vaccines must be updated each year. However, scientists discovered the stem typically remains unchanged, making it an ideal target for antibodies induced by a universal flu vaccine.

28 August 2018

Reliance Communications Ltd. (RCom), Anil Ambani-led company, said that it had sold its fibre and related infrastructure assets to the Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJio) which is of worth Rs.3,000 crore. The fibre monetisation transaction, 1,78,000 km of fibre stand transferred from RCom to RJio. The company had sold its media convergence nodes (MCNs) and related infrastructure assets, worth Rs.2,000 crore, to RJio. The company secured the approval of its overseas bondholders to ease the company’s debt burden, a move that would help the debt-laden firm avert bankruptcy.

28 August 2018

World number three PV Sindhu lost to world number one Chinese Taipei’s Tai Tzu-ying in the women's singles final to bag India's first-ever silver medal in badminton at Asian Games. Saina Nehwal had won bronze medal in the event. Syed Modi’s bronze in men’s singles at the 1982 Games in New Delhi was the only individual medal in badminton for India at the Asian Games.

28 August 2018

Interpreting section 15 of Hindu Marriage Act, SC bench observed that restriction placed on the second marriage in Section 15 of the Act till the dismissal of an appeal would not apply to a case where parties have settled and decided not to pursue the matter. Section 5(1) of the Hindu Marriage Act places a bar on marriage by a person who has a spouse living at the time of the marriage. Section 11 makes such a marriage null and void. Section 15 tells when a divorcee can marry again.

28 August 2018

The meeting was co-chaired by Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu and Mr. Peter Munya, Cabinet Secretary (Minister) for Industry, Trade and Cooperatives, Government of Kenya. Indians are the third-largest group of tourists to Kenya.  India is one of Kenya's largest trade partners and the second largest foreign investor in Kenya.

28 August 2018

U.S. President Donald Trump announced a new trade agreement with Mexico, which will replace the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto said his country wanted to incorporate NAFTA partner Canada into the new deal. About NAFTA:- ♦ The North American Free Trade Agreement is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. ♦ The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994.

28 August 2018

Scotland has become the world's first country to provide free sanitary products to all students in a bid to tackle "period poverty". Scottish government approved a £5.2 million ($6.7 million) initiative that will make sanitary products free at all schools, colleges and universities. Nearly 4 lakh pupils and students are expected to benefit from the Scottish government's scheme. One UNESCO report estimates that one in 10 girls in sub-Saharan Africa miss 20 percent of the school year because of their period.

28 August 2018

The government announced that industries including real estate, power and agriculture will be able to legally fly remotely piloted aircraft or drones in the country for commercial purposes from December 1, when the 'Digital Sky' platform will become operative. The Digital Sky platform will be a first national unmanned traffic management platform that implements 'no permission, no takeoff' for remotely piloted aircraft. Initially, drones will be allowed only along visual line-of-sight during day-time with a maximum altitude of 400 feet. The usage of drones for delivering goods and food items has been restricted.

28 August 2018

Kolkata emits least among six megacities due to high usage of public transport and walking.  The analysis titled The Urban Commute was released in Kolkata. The Top 3 in Overall emissions and energy consumption: 1: Bhopal 2. Vijayawada 3. Chandigarh. The Top 3 in Pre-travel trip emissions and energy consumption:  1. Kolkata 2. Mumbai 3. Bhopal.

28 August 2018

Takarada Saori was named as the Player of the match with her goal and an assist.

28 August 2018

Pakistan government has banned the VIP protocol given by Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) to influential people at airports. The VIP protocol was given to politicians, legislators, senior bureaucrats, judges, military officials and journalists. The decision came into effect on 26th August.  The Interior Ministry said that the ban will be strictly implemented to provide equal opportunities to all travellers. It also warned that in case any FIA official is caught giving protocol to a VIP, he would face strict action.

28 August 2018

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) along with National e-Governance Division has developed ‘Parinam Manjusha’, digital academic repository, to provide digital mark sheets, migration certificates and pass certificates to students from CBSE-affiliated schools in Kerala, whose board exam academic documents have been lost or damaged in the recent floods. This academic repository has been integrated with DigiLocker. Over 1,300 schools are affiliated to the CBSE in Kerala. The digital academic documents are digitally signed by the Controller of Examinations of CBSE which make them legally valid digital document as per the IT Act. These documents are also having QR codes and such documents can be verified for the authenticity using the DigiLocker mobile app. The students are asked to visit https://digitallocker.gov.in and https://digitallocker.gov.in and download their academic documents using the login-id / password.

28 August 2018

20-year-old Neeraj Chopra became the first Indian javelin-thrower to win an Asian Games gold medal as he shattered his own national record by clearing a distance of 88.06m in Jakarta. Chopra's gold is India's only second medal in javelin throw in Asian Games history after Gurtej Singh won a bronze in 1982 in New Delhi.

28 August 2018

He is noted Doordarshan producer and senior journalist.  The book published by Darpan Publication.

28 August 2018

The main aim of the policy provides a framework for the promotion of sports by Steel Ministry Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs).  They will allocate a specific budget for sports activities, as per their financial strength, and this budget will be separate from the company’s CSR funds.  

28 August 2018

The biofuel is developed by Indian Institute of Petroleum.  The flight test was successfully completed by SpiceJet.  The flight was powered with a blend of 75% air turbine fuel (ATF) and 25% biojet fuel.  It is made from Jatropha crop, the fuel has been developed by the CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Dehradun.  

28 August 2018

Pharma major Lupin Limited launched Drospirenone, Ethinyl Estradiol, Levomefolate Calcium tablets and Levomefolate Calcium tablets in the US market. The drug can be used to prevent pregnancy. Earlier, the company received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA). After the approval, it introduced the contraceptive drugs in the market. USFDA approval was granted in the strengths of 3 mg/ 0.02mg/ 0.451 mg and 0.451 mg.The products introduced by Lupin is a generic equivalent of Bayer's Beyaz tablets. Lupin said Drospirenone, Ethinyl Estradiol and Levomefolate Calcium Tablets and Levomefolate Calcium Tablets had annual sales of approximately USD 80.8 million in the US.

28 August 2018

The National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) has introduced a helpline to encourage consumers to resolve all the queries to file complaints against the companies that are not passing GST rate cut benefits. Since the rollout of GST on July 1, 2017, the GST Council has cut tax rates on several occasions on a number of items. The helpline number is 011-21400643. It will guide the consumers to register their complaints, provide information and resolve queries related to profiteering under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) law. NAA said that the consumers can call the helpline number between 9.30 am to 1 pm and 1.30 pm to 6 pm on all working days.

28 August 2018

The project cost is estimated at around Rs 2,420 crores. Special Investment Region (SIR) is developed by GMR Infrastructures Limited and the Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation Ltd (TIDCO) and would come up on the 2,100-acre area in Denkanikottai and Shoolagiri taluks of Krishnagiri district.