UPSC Syllabus

UPSC SYLLABUS 2019 latest important updates with clear and detailed information are provided here, Candidates can check all essential details of UPSC SYLLABUS 2019 instantly here and Through this UPSC SYLLABUS schedule, candidates can make the strategy for the Preparation of exam. Direct Official Link for each recent Updates on UPSC SYLLABUS is Provided in this Page. Find recent news of UPSC SYLLABUS 2019 verified on June 20, 2019.

Last Updated:November 30,2019

UPSC syllabus 2018 latest updates with clear and detailed information are provided here,candidates can check all essential details of UPSC syllabus 2018 instantly here candidates can make the strategy for the Preparation of exam. Direct Official Link for each recent Updates regarding UPSC syllabus provided in this Page and find recent news of UPSC syllabus 2018 verified on March 27, 2018.

UPSC 2018 Civil Services - Prelims Exam Pattern

The UPSC Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination consists of two compulsory papers (Paper I - General Studies, Paper II - Aptitude) with 200 marks each. All the questions under these Papers are the Objective type (multiple choice questions). Exert the detailed UPSC Exam Pattern now.
UPSC CSE Prelims Papers No. of Questions Maximum Marks Total Duration
Paper I - General Studies 100 200 2 Hours
Paper II - General Studies - Aptitude 80 200 2 Hours
Total   400  

Marks obtained in General Studies Paper I of UPSC CSE Prelims Exam is considered for shortlisting to Mains Exam. In General Studies paper II, candidates compulsorily score minimum qualifying marks i.e. 66 marks which is 33% of 200 marks.

UPSC 2018 Civil Services - Mains Exam Pattern

UPSC Mains Examination consists of nine papers, out of which two are qualifying papers (Indian Language Paper, English Paper) each of 300 marks and seven are compulsory papers to be counted for merit each of 250 marks.
Nature of Paper Paper Subject Marks
Paper A (One of the Indian languages listed below, to be selected by the candidate (from the languages listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India) (Qualifying) 300
Paper B English (Qualifying) 300
Papers to be counted for merit Paper I Essay 250
Paper II General Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society) 250
Paper III General Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations) 250
Paper IV General Studies III (Technology, economic development, biodiversity, environment, security, and disaster management) 250
Paper V General Studies IV(ethics, integrity, and aptitude) 250
Optional Subject – Paper 1 One paper on the subject to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjects 250
Optional Subject – Paper 2 One paper on the subject to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjects 250
  Total (Mains Written Test) 1750

UPSC 2018 Syllabus for Civil Services - Prelims Exam

UPSC CSE Preliminary Exam syllabus is mainly formulated to assess the candidate's awareness and Knowledge about current affairs and aptitude, also to judge the answering skill within the stipulated time. Detailed Syllabus for each paper of UPSC CSE Prelims exam is granted below.

General Studies Paper I Syllabus:

  • Current events of national and international importance
  •  History of India and Indian national movement
  • Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the world
  • Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political system, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social development - Sustainable development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives etc.
  • General issues on environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate change - that donot require subject specialization
  • General science.

General Studies Paper II - Aptitude Syllabus:

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc.) (Class X level),
  • Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - Class X level)

UPSC 2018 Syllabus for Civil Services - Mains Exam

The major purpose of UPSC IAS Main Examination is to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates. Questions under General Studies are asked in the level such that a well educated person can able to answer without any specialized study. These papers are to test Candidate's General awareness on various subjects, basic understanding of several issues, analyzing ability and more which are relevant for a career in Civil Services. The standard of the syllabus of General Studies papers are of degree level. The standard of the syllabus of optional paper is higher than the bachelor's degree but lower than the master's level. In the case of Engineering, Medical Science and Law, the Syllabus Level corresponds to the bachelor's degree.

Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam - Qualifying Paper A - Indian Languages

Questions under the Paper on Indian Languages will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for final ranking. Questions on this paper are of the following pattern:
  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essays
  • Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa
This examination is offered in the following languages, with the name of the script in brackets:
  • Assamese (Assamese)
  • Bengali (Bengali)
  • Bodo (Devanagari)
  • Dogri (Devanagari)
  • Gujarati (Gujarati)
  • Hindi (Devanagari)
  • Kannada (Kannada)
  • Konkani (Devanagari)
  • Maithili (Devanagari)
  • Malayalam (Malayalam)
  • Marathi (Devanagari)
  • Nepali (Devanagari)
  • Oriya (Oriya)
  • Punjabi (Gurumukhi)
  • Sanskrit (Devanagari)
  • Santhali (Devanagari or Ol Chiki)
  • Sindhi (Devanagari or Arabic)
  • Tamil (Tamil)
  • Telugu (Telugu)
  • Urdu (Persian)

Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam - Qualifying Paper B - English

Questions under the Paper on the English Language will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for final ranking. Questions on this paper are of the following pattern:
  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essays

Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam - Paper I - Essay

In this paper, Candidates have to write essays on multiple topics given. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression. They have to express the central idea of the topic clearly.

Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam - Paper II - General Studies-I

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world's physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam - Paper III - General Studies - II

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations
  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure, mandate.

Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam - Paper IV - General Studies - III

Technology, economic development, bio-diversity, environment, security and disaster management
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life 
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Syllabus for UPSC Mains Exam - Paper V - General Studies - IV

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidate's attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values of Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Optional Subjects of UPSC Civil Services Main Examination

There are 26 optional subjects in UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination. The standards of questions in Optional papers is of Post Graduate level. Paper I is theoretical but Paper II is often dominated by Current Affairs and Application based questions. The entire list of optional subjects in UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination are:
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Literature of any one of the non-English languages listed above
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
Know the detailed UPSC syllabus of all these Optional subjects.

Practice with around 350+ latest UPSC Question papers for all papers in both prelims and mains examination now. Verify your responses for each question with the exact official UPSC Answer Key.

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